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Writing Resources

Micro Essay Final Self Assessment. Please complete the following check list: The header includes: your teacher (class) name, your name, date) Does the essay question include t he micro feature and a clause on how meaning/emotion is communicated? Have you the resources introduced the film? Have you identified the philosophy critical thinking university Film Title (Date) Director? Introduced the sequence? Have you included your time references? Do your paragraphs make sense? On one topic set out in the topic sentence? Include clearly described examples (adjectives)?

Do you revisit the question at the end of the paragraph and link your analysis back to the significance? Presentation format Are your screenshots (text wrapping) set to #8216;tight#8217;? Will they be cut off when you print? Have you double spaced your paragraphs? Is your line spacing set to 1.5? Have you proof read your essay including spell check and punctuation check. Capital letters, commas, full stops#8230; You might use Google Translate to read it back to you.

LIFE HACK. Resources. If you are unsure what each means please check in with your teacher in the 1-1 feedback this week. System Thesis. It is resources not for your teacher to philosophy format, proof read of resources, spell check you essay. They will give you feedback on how to improve your TEAS but the grading system responsibility for the content and look of the essay is yours. This is an opportunity for you to have a close look at an A grade essay and explore the specific features of writing, that analysis and then look at how you can improve your own work ready for draft 2, which is due next Monday, 6th March. Philosophy Critical Thinking University Of Manitoba. Please watch the sequence from Red Dragon (2002) Ratner , in which Will Graham (Ed Norton), enters the crime scene. Remember the focus for this essay was sound . Now read one of the paragraphs in resources, the essay above and find an example of good textual analysis , which you should copy paste it into the shared document for your class: Then you should then highlight your selected sections as follows: terms in red, examples in conclusion for a compare, blue , analysis green and significance in writing, yellow. Please highlight do not change the text colour as I have done (I can#8217;t highlight in of manitoba, WordPress).

Once you have done this you should carefully reread your own essay and again highlight i t in the same way. Find a section of your essay, which you think you can improve, copy it into the same document, with annotations of how it could be improved to be as good as the exemplar. We will be looking at this document collectively and discussing your annotations to ensure you understand what these features look like. Writing. Identify where there is room for improvement in high school term, draft 2, which should be the following: Your use of technical terminology, is it accurate and/or sufficient? Are you using clearly described examples from the sequence? Are you using appropriate analysis terminology (not just #8216;shows#8217;) and are you linking the specific example to audience responses ? Have you explored how the examples and analysis contribute to writing development of character (positioning), highlighting important narrative information, reflecting themes and important ideas#8230;does it answer your question? Put these targets are the top of your essay as #8216;Draft 1 Targets#8217; and redraft ready for peer assessment next week. Here are three essays from previous students that we will be looking at as examples of good practice. Micro Essay Developing Your Essay Title. Conclusion For A Compare And Contrast Essay. Here are the deadlines for writing resources, the micro essay: Draft 1: Monday 27th February (Self Assessment) Draft 2: Monday 6th March (Peer Assessment) Draft 3: Monday 13th March (Teacher Assessment) Final Draft: Friday 24th March. Before you make a start on draft 1 you should set yourself a question to answer.

This question should state: Film (date) Director. The #8216;name#8217; of the sequence. Essay. Name the micro feature(s) which you are going to describe analyse. Show that you understand the purpose and tone of the scene. So for writing resources, example here are a few from previous students: How is sound used to represent and university, construct characters#8217; personalities and writing, motives in ‘The Twisted Nerve’ scene in Kill Bill Vol.1 (2003) Tarantino? How does sound create a sense of grading and limitation, disaster and crisis in the “Jerusalem Wall Scene” in World War Z (2013) Forster. How does performance in the ‘Pass the Asparagus’ sequence from American Beauty (1999) Mendes, show the disintegration of the family and tension between characters? How does cinematography in the #8216;Black Swan#8217; sequence from Black Swan (2010) Aronofsky to convey the disturbing contrast between Nina as the White Swan and Nina as the Black Swan? How does mise en scene and cinematography create a sense of resources, panic and critical thinking university, relationships between characters in ‘Hover Board Chase Scene’ from Back to the Future II (1989) Zemeckis. Resources. Here is a handout on how to introduce and structure the essay.

It also describes the assessment criteria and gives some other example essay titles. Ask yourself a question on the sequence that you are going to explore and analyse in grading system scope and limitation, the micro essay. Once you have chosen your sequence you should: Watch the whole film (again) to understand the place of writing resources, your scene in the narrative character development. You should think carefully here, about the purpose of the scene in the film.

Watch your sequence through several times and about sports and sportsmanship, brainstorm the #8217;emotional impact, information (genre, character narrative)#8217;. Writing Resources. Complete a textual analysis sheet for one or two of the micro areas in which you are identifying how the micro technique links to impact information. Please use the phd thesis photovoltaic system links below to access the textual analysis sheets. You may complete these online or by resources, printing them out and system, completing them by hand. The last piece of coursework is the micro analysis. It#8217;s worth the last 30 marks of your coursework. A micro analysis requires you to study a sequence from a film in minute detail. You are required to analyse how the film makers have used#8230; #8230;to communicate meaning to an audience.

Please note we do not recommend performance analysis essays to resources students and so no one will be revising this. Conclusion Compare Essay. If you want to be made an resources exception you must speak to system your teacher they may permit you to review this micro area instead of the other ones. In essence you have to reverse engineer a film and consider how the characters are represented, how the narrative develops, how the writing resources film works in relation to it genre and expectations and most importantly how the audience is made to feel respond to the sequence . Your job during the next lesson (when we are moderating year 13 coursework) will be to revise one of four micro features and find examples of how they have been used in this clip from grading system thesis, Kill Bill (2003) Tarantino: Some monsters to thrill, scare and delight you. Resources. Why do we like to scare ourselves? A key features of any horror film is the taking over jobs monster. Writing. The monster is said to represent the fears, anxieties and concerns of society at that time . So to understand how these British films reflect the fears of Britain, we have got to understand the grading scope monsters that feature in both films. To start developing your understanding we are going to look at some classic monsters and consider their character as well as what social fear they represent.

In pairs, do some research and develop a monster profile for your allocated monster. Read the article on resources, page 56 of this issue of the Media Magazine and find the following information: What animal appearance did the for a compare original vampire, Nosferatu, have? What two films from the 60s, named in the article, reflected a more #8216;Freudian#8217; approach to horror monsters? What does Freudian mean? What three social changes did horror reflect, between the resources two world wars?

Name four cultural and social changes that were reflected in horror films from the and contrast essay example 1970s. Name five changes to writing films and/or the ways which film reflect contemporary audiences in more recent horror films. We#8217;re going to taking over jobs essay do an essay on resources, the sound and music from this sequence The Return of the Jedi (1983) Marquand , from the beginning to 5.04. Watch through the clip and make notes using a copy of this document to make your notes. They key to this is to describe the examples of the various sounds from your text clearly.

Here is a blog with some useful ideas about how to describe music. The essay title is: How does dialogue, sound effects and music contribute to the audience#8217;s understanding of the challenges and dilemmas that Luke faces in his final confrontation with The Emperor and Darth Vader in The Return of the Jedi (1983) Marquand? You should write approximately 750 1,000 words. The deadline is Monday 31st October. Sound is a vital component of film. You need to be able to describe all the elements of sound that feature in a film.

Here is a diagram of those elements that you need to describe and analyse. Here is the slideshow show we used in sports, class to illustrate some of these features: Studying performance is writing quite tough, but may suit students who are also studying Theatre Studies. Here is the slideshow on the ways to explore Performance in Film: We will be looking at a short sequence from Les Miserables and analysing the performance of taking over jobs essay, two characters Cosette Madame Thenadier. A useful supercurricular video on an introduction to Method Acting a very common approach use by film actors to resources #8216;inhabit#8217; a character: If you#8217;re going to study performances, you may do well to choose a film that features some of these great performers.

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sample apa report Click on the highlighted text to see the comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the current state of writing, scanner technology and about and sportsmanship, examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. A brief history of the scanner and its operation is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in writing, common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners. For A Compare And Contrast Essay! The performance of these scanners is examined in relation to writing, four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of scanned images.

It is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other types of compare and contrast example, technology such as digital cameras. The purpose of this report is to survey the current state of scanner technology and to briefly discuss predicted advancements in the field. By examining a range of resources, recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the main types of scanners in common use today and examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the deployment of new sensor technology on the future development of scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to philosophy critical thinking university of manitoba, as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of standards in a matrix using, for writing resources the first time, the best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). This reading machine was to grading, form the basis for the development of current scanning, sorting and writing, processing machines. An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce. The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and technology over essay, scanners for domestic use followed the drum scanner as the resources, number of computer users increased and computer technology advanced.

Scanners can now capture images from pape paper school term term, a wide variety of two and three dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and resources, enhanced by the user. It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to create an system, entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. Writing Resources! This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to documents and have been readily adopted by both business and domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an image into binary data (0s and 1s). This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on a computer. A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the college term, scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000). The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the resources, amount of essay about sports and sportsmanship, light reflected from individual points on the page and translate it to digital signals that correspond to the brightness of each point (Englander 2000).

To create a file on the computer that represents a colour image, the scanner divides the image into a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). A scanning head, termed a row of #039;eyes#039;, reads over the grid and writing resources, assigns a number to each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the proportion of blue, green and essay sports and sportsmanship, red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). There are five main types of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology. As a result of writing resources, their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in industry, where they are considered important due to the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is phd thesis photovoltaic system more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs). Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to be scanned on writing, a glass cylinder rotating at college paper school term, high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996).

The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. This type of writing resources, scanner is college high school highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the resources, item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is used to system, scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent years, particularly for writing resources small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). University Of Manitoba! Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. Writing Resources! However the for a compare and contrast essay example, actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in distortion as the image to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of sheet-fed scanners is writing that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is for a compare essay used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the writing, scanning heads in slide scanners do not reflect light from the taking essay, image, but rather pass light through it.

This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by reflective light. To be able to scan small and resources, detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result. College Term! Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to only scanning slides and film. These scanners, however, are well suited to writing, users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an and contrast essay example, image. These scanners are easy to writing resources, use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to high paper school term term, text of up to four inches in diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for colour images. A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the writing resources, resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000).

The performance of a scanner can be examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in a given image. It is used to about, describe the amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read.

A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and writing, 300 dpi in the other direction by stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in both directions. Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the scan. The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the number of pixels a scanner is and sportsmanship able to predict. A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the actual ones scanned. This technique is less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to writing, the amount of information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an college pape term term, image to digital form. Scanners differ in the amount of resources, data they record for each pixel within an image.

The simplest kinds of scanners only critical thinking of manitoba, record data related to black and white details and have a bit depth of 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for a scanner to produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required. In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). Writing Resources! This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of 2.4. Taking Essay! A range of this measurement is unable to provide high quality colour scans. A dynamic range of resources, 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of hardware, requires software.

Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. Optical character recognition software translates the critical, information recorded in writing resources, a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an college pape paper, image to be manipulated for resources better printing and display. Photovoltaic System! Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images. The quality of scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is also resulting in superior quality scans. Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of specialized scanners into other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. This device allows the user to take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of using film, the objects are scanned by the camera in a similar process to the functioning of a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to improve the functionality of scanners and the quality of images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. However, the quality of the scan is not as good as its counterparts.

Further development of CIS technology is needed to writing, improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of scanners currently available. Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. The performance of these scanners is system thesis scope dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software.

Scanners have improved significantly in recent years in terms of weight, size, price and speed, and the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to these areas as well as to scan quality. Writing Resources! The impact of these improvements is expected to increase the accessibility of conclusion compare and contrast essay, scanner technology to a wider range of users and its suitability for a wider range of purposes. In relation to this, the future of scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into writing, other types of over jobs, technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers. This can be expected to resources, continue with other forms of technology in critical thinking university, conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and weight. Anderson, D. The PC Guide. []. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000).

The Architecture of computer hardware and systems software. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. McIllree, J. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What#039;s now . What#039;s next. [] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. 8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. [] 1998. 6/4/00. Scansoft scanner tips [] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Writing Resources! Types of scanners. [] 1996. For A And Contrast! 8/4/00.

Clear statement of the four criteria used in resources, the report to assess the technology. Philosophy University! Appropriately mentions an important aspect of future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of writing resources, future scanning technology. The comment on philosophy thinking university of manitoba, the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the resources, purpose and conclusion essay, outlines the content of the report succinctly at the start. Historical background is then provided. This level of detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Try to avoid repeating ideas in the body of the report by resources, grouping ideas on the same topic or subtopic together.

Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of for a compare and contrast essay example, scanning in the body of the writing, report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is used it should be explained and conclusion for a and contrast essay example, related to writing resources, the previous sentence(s). This paragraph presents a clear definition of how a scanner works. The student#039;s understanding of the concept is evident because the phd thesis photovoltaic, definition has been clearly expressed in the student#039;s own words and the sources of the resources, definition have been acknowledged. The student has used information from only one source for photovoltaic system Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5. This has severely limited the content of these sections of the report.

This paragraph provides a good description of this criteria in writing resources, simple clear language. It would be better to use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in an essay written in conclusion and contrast example, 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in writing resources, more detail. The ideas in this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of these ideas has not been provided. The student needs to provide references. The concept of #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to grading scope, provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of writing resources, information used. As in the previous paragraph, the phd thesis photovoltaic system, concept has not been sufficiently explained.

Further detail is writing resources required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and limitations of the software. References to essay sports, the sources used are also required here. This sentence is too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an appropriate amount of detail. Significant improvements to the field are identified in writing, a brief discussion of new technology. However the student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion.

This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in the report. Phd Thesis Photovoltaic System! Unfortunately, it typifies the limitations of the report; that is, the resources, content is too general - more specific detail is required. A further improvement would be to provide more detail on how the current state and future position of scanner technology is related to the broader field of computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in technology jobs, an assignment depends on the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of writing resources, relevant information. This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites.

It does not meet the requirements of the assignment description. One source is used for a number of sections in the report. System! The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. This would enable a wider range of opinions and ideas to be included. Writing Resources! For this report, it is best to only use commercial web sites published by photovoltaic, major manufacturing companies which provide technical and writing, educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by individuals. Content and layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of publication in a number of citations instead of the name of critical thinking, a city or town, the copyright dates of many of the web sites has not been included, and the inclusion of writing, a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of punctuation in this reference list is inconsistent and not always appropriate. Problems?

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#039;Submit to your husbands#039;: Women told to endure domestic violence in the name of God. Illustrations by Rocco Fazzari Updated Thu 10 Aug 2017, 4:31 PM AEST. Research shows that the men most likely to abuse their wives are evangelical Christians who attend church sporadically*. Writing Resources. Church leaders in Australia say they abhor abuse of any kind. Technology Taking Over Jobs. But advocates say the church is not just failing to sufficiently address domestic violence, it is both enabling and concealing it. This is the second instalment of an writing, ABC News and 7.30 investigation into domestic violence and religion. You can read part one in the series — on domestic violence and Islam — here. The culprits were obvious: it was the essay about sports and sportsmanship menopause or the devil. Who else could be blamed, Peter screamed at writing resources, his wife in nightly tirades, for her alleged insubordination, for her stupidity, her lack of sexual pliability, her refusal to join him on the 'Tornado' ride at a Queensland waterpark, her annoying friendship with a woman he called Ratface? For her sheer, complete failure as a woman?

Family and domestic violence support services: 1800 Respect national helpline: 1800 737 732 Women's Crisis Line: 1800 811 811 Men's Referral Service: 1300 766 491 Lifeline (24 hour crisis line): 131 114 Relationships Australia: 1300 364 277. The abuse went on, day and night, as Sally bore a child, worked morning shifts at the local hospital and stayed up late pumping breast milk for her baby. She was deeply exhausted, depleted and phd thesis photovoltaic system, worn. The night before Sally finally left her husband and the townhouse they lived in on Sydney's northern beaches he told her she was also failing her spiritual duties. Your problem is you won't obey me. The Bible says you must obey me and you refuse, he yelled. You are a failure as a wife, as a Christian, as a mother.

You are an insubordinate piece of s**t. Sally, an writing, executive assistant who had just turned 44, stared at high paper term term, him, worrying about whether her neighbours — or her sleeping daughter — could hear his roars through the thin walls. She knew what had flicked his switch: the simple act of coming down to say goodnight, which he interpreted as a lack of willingness to have sex. Peter then opened his Bible and resources, read out some verses: Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. For the husband is the high pape term head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Saviour. Let a woman learn in silence with all submissiveness I permit no woman to teach or have authority over a man; rather, she is to remain silent. For years, Sally had believed that God wanted her to submit to writing her husband, and she did her best, bending to his will and working to pay the bills, despite the grading system scope pain she was in. But on writing resources, this night, she was done. The next morning, she packed up her bags, grabbed some clothes for phd thesis photovoltaic system her daughter and left, taking the writing little girl with her.

She left everything else behind. Religion and domestic violence: the missing link. When we speak of domestic violence, and the cultural factors that foment it, one crucial element missing from the discussion has been religion. While it is generally agreed that inequality between the sexes can foster and high school, cultivate environments where men seek to control or abuse women, in writing resources, Australia there has been very little public debate about critical thinking university how this might impact people in male-led congregations and religious communities, especially those where women are told to be silent and writing resources, submit to male authority. In other countries, like the for a example United States and United Kingdom, there has been extensive analysis.

So why is Australia so behind on this issue? In the writing resources past couple of college high pape paper term years, concern has been growing amongst those working with survivors of domestic violence about the role the Christian church of all denominations can either consciously or inadvertently play in allowing abusive men to continue abusing their wives. The questions are these: do abused women in resources, church communities face challenges women outside them do not? Do perpetrators ever claim church teachings on male control excuse their abuse, or tell victims they must stay? Why have there been so few sermons on domestic violence? Why do so many women report that their ministers tell them to stay in violent marriages? Is the stigma surrounding divorce still too great, and unforgiving? Is this also a problem for college high paper term the men who are abused by their wives — a minority but nonetheless an important group?

And if the church is meant to be a place of refuge for the vulnerable, why is it that the victims are the ones who leave churches while the writing resources perpetrators remain? External Link ABC 7.30 Facebook video: The Anglican Archbishop of Sydney Glenn Davies explains gender equality in thinking of manitoba, the church. Is it true — as one Anglican bishop has claimed — that there are striking similarities to writing the church's failure to protect children from abuse, and that this next generation's reckoning will be about the high term failure in their ranks to protect women from domestic violence? A 12-month ABC News and 7.30 investigation involving dozens of interviews with survivors of domestic violence, counsellors, priests, psychologists and researchers from a range of writing resources Christian denominations — including Catholic, Anglican, Baptist, Pentecostal and Presbyterian — has discovered the answers to these questions will stun those who believe the church should protect the abused, not the abusers. 'I felt that I was almost being raped' Sally met Peter when she was in her mid-30s, and had been praying for a husband.

She wasn't instantly attracted to him but was charmed by grading system thesis scope and limitation the deluge of flowers and love letters he sent. Writing Resources. She grew to believe she was meant to be with him. She overlooked the taking over fact that she had to buy her own engagement ring and agreed to marry him not long after their meeting. Peter's personality changed on the first day of writing resources their honeymoon, when he yelled at her for sleeping in, and made plans to go fishing for days without her. Her bible study leader told her later that she looked like the saddest bride he had ever seen. The abuse quickly escalated as Peter drank, gambled and demanded sex every second night, usually after having yelled at her for hours. She later wrote in a statement prepared for court: If I refused, he would become incandescent with rage. It was easier to give in than argue. Those nights I felt that I was almost being raped.

Once he forced her to have sex just three weeks after giving birth. Sally found little comfort in phd thesis system, her Pentecostal church, which she had turned to resources repeatedly. Counsellors there simply advised her to forgive him. She also told her pastor her story, but no one followed it up. The violence mounted until one day her husband threw their three-year-old daughter across the room after the toddler accidentally bumped his leg. When she left Peter, Sally also left her church parish, feeling isolated and unwanted as a single mother. Ten years later, she is still shattered. She wishes she had heard just one sermon on essay, domestic violence, or had one supportive ear.

The Christian men more likely to assault their wives. The fact that domestic violence occurs in church communities is well established. Writing. Queensland academic Dr Lynne Baker's 2010 book, Counselling Christian Women on phd thesis, How to Deal with Domestic Violence, cites a study of Anglican, Catholic and Uniting churches in Brisbane that found 22 per writing cent of perpetrators of domestic violence and abuse go to church regularly. But American research provides one important insight: men who attend church less often are most likely to abuse their wives. Taking Essay. (Regular church attenders are less likely to commit acts of intimate partner violence.) Those who are often on the periphery, in writing resources, other words, who sometimes float between parishes, or sit in the back pews. For these men, the rate of abuse committed is alarmingly high. As theology professor Steven Tracy wrote in 2008: It is photovoltaic widely accepted by abuse experts (and validated by numerous studies) that evangelical men who sporadically attend church are more likely than men of any other religious group (and more likely than secular men) to writing assault their wives.

Some attribute these findings to the conservative denominations and churches that preach and model male control, with male-only priesthoods and inviolate teachings on male authority. Adelaide's Anglican Assistant Bishop Tim Harris says, it is well recognised that males (usually) seeking to philosophy critical thinking justify abuse will be drawn to writing misinterpretations [of the Bible] to and sportsmanship attempt to legitimise abhorrent attitudes. Stressing that his diocese strongly rejected any teachings on male superiority, he told ABC News: This has been a particular concern for resources those coming out of technology over jobs essay evangelical and fundamentalist backgrounds. Video 7:10 Julia Baird and Anglican priest Michael Jensen discuss domestic violence and the Church. In Australia, it is widely accepted that gender inequality is a contributing factor to violence against resources, women.

The Australian Institute of Family Studies probed this question and concluded: The vital element to philosophy thinking of manitoba consider is the gender norms and writing, beliefs surrounding male dominance and male superiority, created by power hierarchies that accord men greater status. This is conclusion for a confirmed by global research. A study published in writing, the Lancet in 2015 analysed data from 66 surveys across 44 countries, covering the experiences of almost half a million women. It found that the greatest predictor of partner violence was environments that support male control, especially norms related to technology taking essay male authority over female behaviour. The past two decades of writing resources research has also shown women in religious communities are less likely to leave violent marriages, more likely to believe that the compare and contrast essay example abuser will change, less inclined to resources access community resources and more likely to believe it is their fault; that they have failed as wives as they were not able to stop the abuse. A culture of victim blaming or shaming can cause women to high pape paper school term term exit the writing resources church entirely. The most common story in the dozens heard by ABC News is that when marriages break, the conclusion and contrast essay example men stay and the women leave. The CEO of Safe Steps Family Violence Centre, Annette Gillespie, says that in 20 years of working with victims of domestic violence, she found it was extremely common that women will be encouraged by the church to stay in writing, an abusive relationship. I know that for many women the experience of violence was worsened by the lack of grading system thesis support people turned to in the church, she said. Often people say it is the guilt of going against writing resources, the church teaching that leads them to stay in relationships well beyond a time they should leave because they are trying to essay sports please the church as well as please their partners … they often feel they will have to writing resources choose between leaving religion or violence.

So when they leave a relationship, they leave a church. Women in faith communities where divorce is shunned, and shameful, often feel trapped in abusive marriages. In a submission to the Royal Commission on Family Violence, one Victorian woman wrote that five different ministers had told her to remain with a violent husband. A church counsellor told her: Be gentle with him, he's trying to conclusion for a compare essay example be a man. This is particularly true in the Catholic Church, where divorce is forbidden, as will be explored in writing, greater detail in an upcoming instalment of this series.

If pastors prevaricate, or fumble, it could be too late. New research finds women in the church usually only go to their pastors when partners do something so violent they fear they will die. After 25-year-old Wubanchi Asefaw was told by her church leaders to return to her husband in early 2014, he stabbed her to death in their western Sydney home shortly afterwards. Unlike the Koran, there are no verses in the Bible that may be read as overtly condoning domestic abuse. To the contrary, it is made clear that God hates violence and relationships must be driven by essay about sports selflessness, grace and love. Confronting domestic violence in Islam. There is no mainstream theologian in Australia who would suggest that a church should be anything but a sanctuary, or that a Christian relationship be marked by writing anything but love. But church counsellors and survivors of family violence report that many abusive men, like Sally's husband, rely on twisted — or literalist — interpretation of Bible verses to excuse their abuse. Baker, whose 2010 book on counselling abused Christian women sprang from years of doctoral research, writes: biblical principles and scriptures may be used by the perpetrator as a point of authority to condone his actions, or perhaps to phd thesis 'prove' to the victim that she is not fulfilling her marital obligations.

Abusive men commonly refer to several different parts of the Bible. First are the verses — cited by Sally's husband Peter, above — telling women to submit to their husbands and writing, male authority, under the doctrine known as male headship. Second are verses that say God hates divorce. And third are those in 1 Peter that tell women to submit to husbands in college high school, a very particular way, as they follow instructions to slaves to submit to even harsh masters. But Denis Fitzgerald, executive director at Catholic Social Services Victoria, says it is crucial for the Bible to be read in light of the culture it was produced in. Biblical literalism is writing resources not an acceptable approach and part of the teaching role with the bishops is to help the priests and the people to essay sports see that texts can't be taken out of context — you have to look at the broader intent and message of the scriptures, he says. And Simon Smart, the Executive Director of the Centre for Public Christianity points to writing what [Croatian theologian] Miroslav Volf describes as the difference between 'thin' and 'thick' religion — where thin religion is sports and sportsmanship stripped of its moral content and used as a weapon for goals completely unrelated to the faith. The doctrine of male headship: What does it mean? The doctrine that is most commonly, and controversially cited by abusers is writing male headship, where a husband is to technology over jobs essay be the resources head of the wife in marriage and phd thesis photovoltaic system, the wife is to submit, and men are to be head of the church. What submission means takes many different forms. At its extreme edge, it is complete subservience.

In the 1970s and 1980s, literature coming out of the United States suggested it meant putting up with every possible harm. According to writing resources Elizabeth Hanford Rice in her book Me? Obey Him?, this even included physical violence and child abuse. Three female authors — Dorothy McGuire, Carol Lewis and Alvena Blatchley — even praised a woman for staying with a man who tried to murder her. Correct interpretations of scripture are debated in college high pape paper term, ways not dissimilar to those in writing, the Koran; there is taking disagreement over resources translation, hermeneutics, exegesis, the relevance of the culture in which it was written, the then-radical attitudes of essay about sports and sportsmanship acceptance Christ expressed towards women and the role of women in the early church. These debates hit peak expression in the latter half of the writing 20th century as most mainstream Christian denominations moved to ordain women to the priesthood, to equal positions to men. Today, those churches in Australia that do not have women priests include the Catholic, Lutheran and Presbyterian churches, and the influential Sydney Diocese of the Anglican Church.

Some of these groups have responded to grading thesis scope and limitation the expansion of women's role elsewhere by resources restricting it further in their own ranks. Today, it is clear proponents of headship intend to teach a form of self-sacrificial love — for a man to be head of his wife like Christ is head of the conclusion compare and contrast church, and to sacrifice himself to his wife in the same way. But there remains some confusion about what submission actually means. In 2009, prominent American evangelical pastor John Piper, a frequent visitor to Sydney, was asked, What should a wife's submission to her husband look like if he's an abuser? His response was that if he was simply hurting her, then she should endure verbal abuse for a season, and endure perhaps being smacked one night, before seeking help from the church. Almost four years later, he issued a clarifying statement in which he called on men in the church to discipline abusers, and uphold a beautiful vision of marriage where men lead with gentleness. Another influential pastor James Dobson has in writing, the past advised women to for a bait their abusive husbands to goad them into behaving badly, which he believed would shock them into realising they had a problem and agree to counselling.

In 2013, American pastor Steven J Cole concluded in a sermon that a wife may need to submit to writing some abuse. The difficult question is, he writes, how much? My view is that a wife must submit to verbal and emotional abuse, but if the of manitoba husband begins to harm her physically, she needs to call civil or church authorities. Although physical abuse is not a biblical basis for divorce, I would counsel separation in some cases to protect the wife while the husband gets his temper under control. But even in such situations, a Christian wife must not provoke her husband to anger and she must display a gentle spirit.

In 2016, American evangelist Kirk Cameron told the Christian Post: Wives are to honour and respect and follow their husband's lead, not to tell their husband how he ought to be a better husband. When each person gets their part right, regardless of how their spouse is treating them, there is hope for real change in writing resources, their marriage. Time and again in evangelical literature, marital success is predicated on grading system thesis, female submission; it is the basis on which women are judged or praised. In Sydney, as recently as 2015, David Ould, the rector of Glenquarie Anglican Church — also active in the conservative Anglican Church League — asked if it might be a Godly wise choice for women to stay with abusive husbands given the Bible teaching in 1 Peter 3, telling wives to submit to their husbands. These verses follow on from those in 1 Peter 2 that tell slaves to writing resources submit to technology taking jobs essay masters — even those who are harsh, or, in other words, physically violent. Ould, who now works to protect women in his parish and region from writing resources domestic violence, later clarified his comments. He told ABC News his central message was: I would understand how women would read that passage and choose to conclusion and contrast essay example stay, but I myself would be urging them to get out and work out what it means from writing a safe position. Male headship 'providing the wiring' for abuse. Today, a growing number of pape school term counsellors, psychologists and welfare workers are reporting that abusers cite the idea of resources male headship to sanction violence. Anglican counsellor from Charles Sturt University Nicola Lock, who has been working with domestic violence cases for 25 years, says the use of headship theology in spousal abuse is very common. Anecdotally, teaching of essay about sports and sportsmanship headship has been seen to be contributing to the problem of writing resources domestic violence, both in encouraging abusive male partners, and preventing female partners from challenging abusive behaviours, or leaving an abusive relationship, Lock said.

As Dr Johanna Harris Tyler, a lecturer at essay about and sportsmanship, the University of writing Exeter in the UK who was brought up in Sydney Anglicanism, argues: While male headship may not necessarily trip the phd thesis system switch of abuse, it can provide the wiring. This is a particularly sensitive point in the Sydney Anglican Church, which is writing resources known for its robust advocacy of male headship. Any suggestion of photovoltaic system its abuse usually evokes vehement rebuke and defence from senior clergy. Ministers who uphold headship say their teachings are just being confused with patriarchy, and twisted by those who abuse power. Those who uphold egalitarian views of writing resources marriage in technology taking over jobs, this diocese report being sidelined, overlooked for jobs and ostracised. Some told ABC News they could not publicly state that they believed in resources, equal relationships between men and women, for they would lose their jobs. And as domestic violence advocate Barbara Roberts points out, in and sportsmanship, conservative churches women are often taught that desire to writing resources overthrow male authority is a sign of sin — thereby making feminism innately wrong.

In other words, if male authority and leadership is from God, any challenge to that is from women's sinful natures — or the devil. Kara Hartley is the Archdeacon for Women in the Diocese of Sydney and deputy chair of technology jobs essay a taskforce looking into church responses to domestic violence. She stresses there is nothing whatsoever in the Bible to condone abuse, and that men and resources, women just have different roles. The responsibility of men is to lovingly, sacrificially care for their wife, and a wife to submit to his care, his leadership, his loving sacrifice to essay about sports her, Hartley told ABC News. Now, for many they'll say that's submission, and therefore headship, [which] creates an imbalance in the marriage. Writing. But actually when they're put together, a woman's voluntary … willing submission to her husband, in his loving sacrificial care of photovoltaic her, there's a beautiful picture there.

Sydney Anglican Archbishop Dr Glenn Davies agrees, telling ABC News submission is never coercive, it's always voluntary, so the wife offers herself in that relationship. It becomes dangerous where in a marriage the husband over-reaches and manipulates the woman … it's not submission that's gone wrong, it's the writing resources husband that's gone wrong. It is important to understand, he says, that there is no way in essay sports, which we countenance domestic violence in any form be it spiritual, emotional or physical, in our church, we are absolutely opposed to that. It's not the teaching, it's the distortion of the writing resources teaching which is the college high pape paper school problem, I don't believe teaching the writing Bible produces violence in domestic situations. But it would be wrong to portray this simply as an issue in Sydney. The difficulties with the interpretation of headship spreads across denominations. In February 2016, Catholic bishop Vincent Long cautioned that literal interpretations of the term term Bible provide the basis for systematic oppression or structural discrimination of women and lead communities — even church communities — to protecting perpetrators of domestic violence while simultaneously heaping shame and scorn upon its victims.

Others point the finger at all-male leadership. Sydney psychologist Kylie Pidgeon, who also works with perpetrators and survivors of family violence, wrote in a recent paper that women are more vulnerable in resources, churches where only men lead: [Men] occupy the positions of essay greater power and public influence in a church and hold the offices charged with major decision-making and writing resources, general oversight of the spiritual health of the congregation. Women usually fill 'support' roles, such as teaching kids' church, reading the Bible, or preparing morning tea. Phd Thesis Photovoltaic. While the intentions of men in positions of leadership are often good; to exercise their authority with love and resources, care, and while a male-led structure by no means guarantees that women will be abused, it is apparent that patriarchal structures place women at greater risk of compare and contrast essay abuse. By failing to pastor women, or encourage them to lead or speak, Pidgeon says, male leadership may unwittingly be giving 'silent permission' to male congregation members to similarly rule over writing and neglect their wives. In churches where women are not allowed to speak or preach, they may also worry that they will not be believed. Erica Hamence, assistant minister at scope, the Anglican St Barnabas Broadway in Sydney, wrote recently that in male-led churches, women have as much room to speak as the male leaders allow. That's a profoundly vulnerable position to be in, and one which I suspect some male ministers are not always able to empathise with.

If a woman suffering abuse wasn't completely confident that she would be believed, that the particular nature of the abuse would be understood, and that she would be supported by her church's leader, she would most likely continue to resources suffer alone. How do all-male hierarchies respond? Almost all-male hierarchies are common in many conservative congregations across denominations — Catholic, Baptist, Presbyterian, Anglican and Pentecostal — as are poor responses from pastors. Susan, a student and mother, went to pape paper term term a Pentecostal Church in Adelaide for most of the 23 years of her married life. She describes her marriage as akin to writing resources a horror story. For A Compare. She was repeatedly raped by her husband and writing, was continually unnerved by strange incidents that kept happening to her children in her absence. Bruises appeared, faces were bloodied, weak excuses were given. One day her husband was rebuking his daughter for wearing a revealing top when she ran and technology taking jobs essay, hit the wall and lost a tooth.

On another day, he pushed Susan out of the car and left her on writing, the side of the high pape paper road. A psychologist attached to her church told her divorce was not an option. The pastor's wife told her to separate but not divorce as her husband could change. It was not until she came across the website, Cry for Justice: Awakening the Evangelical Church to Domestic Violence and Abuse in its Midst, run by Roberts, that she realised it might be possible to divorce her husband. When she left him, she left her congregation too. It was really, really hard to resources leave the church as I had been there 20 years, Susan told ABC News. Eventually the pastor said, 'why don't you just leave, I can't keep you safe because he is still here'. Her ex followed her to her next church, and tracked down the pastor who told her — after meeting him for coffee once — that her ex was a great guy: I can see why you married him! Fortunately, she says, the church I am at now is critical thinking not very strong on headship, and writing resources, has a modern attitude to divorce.

They won't stand up on taking essay, stage and say, like they did at the church I attended with my ex-husband, that women should submit and writing resources, God doesn't want you to divorce. In Susan's Pentecostal church, the Assemblies of God, only 4 per cent of college pape paper term term pastors were female in 2013, and writing resources, the national executive board was all male. And, problematically, Pentecostal women are often taught that part of being female is yielding. Prominent preacher Bobbie Houston told a Hillsong conference in 2008: [Women are] big, we can step back from an argument. Someone has to step down, to leave a space for essay sports and sportsmanship God to work, and God put it in feminine DNA to do that. As documented by Meredith Fraser, female submission is touted in Pentecostalism as a cure-all for marital problems: If women pray, are deferential and writing resources, submit, there will be hope. The culture of self-sacrifice can be so strong it lends itself to a certain masochism.

Many Pentecostal women are advised to separate, but never divorce or remarry. They also report being told by their pastors to go home and make love to taking husbands who torment and terrify them. Sex is touted as an answer for many marital maladies. In the past three years, alarm bells have begun to resources ring about the role religion may play in fostering, or concealing abuse. There have been two substantial inquiries into domestic violence in Australia in recent years. Both have identified religion as a significant, under-reported problem. In 2014, the Queensland Government appointed former governor-general Quentin Bryce chair of the Special Taskforce on Domestic and Family Violence. The report, Not Now, Not Ever, tabled in February 2015, pointed to paper term term the challenge of resources religious leaders:

Disturbingly, a number of submissions and individuals reported to technology jobs the taskforce that the leaders of faith in writing resources, their particular community would not engage in helping victims or condemn perpetrators of compare and contrast essay example domestic and resources, family violence. These leaders of faith did not see it as the role of the religious gathering to 'lecture' about technology jobs what happens in the privacy of a home … The taskforce challenges leaders of writing all faiths and religions to take a leadership role in technology taking essay, fostering and writing, encouraging respectful relationships in their community, and to teach their communities and congregations that coercive control and violence are never acceptable. In the same month, the Victorian Government established the Royal Commission into Family Violence following a series of family violence-related deaths in about sports and sportsmanship, the state, most notably that of Luke Batty, who was killed by his father in 2014. It sought to identify the most effective ways to address domestic violence, hold perpetrators accountable, and support victims. The commission received 968 public submissions and tabled its report in March 2016, which made 227 recommendations. This commission, too, noted as a challenge faith leaders who were predominantly or exclusively men. For many women who sought help from a faith leader, the commission reported, the response was inadequate … some faith leaders were uninformed and ill-equipped to resources respond to such disclosures, 'often the example advice given wasn't helpful because the faith leader didn't know what kind of writing advice to give'. Examples cited were of religious leaders telling women that their partner's abuse was their fault, or that they should stay in intolerable situations.

These responses, with some religious attitudes and practices, the commission found, risk exposing victims to further and sustained abuse by family members. In its final report, the commission recommended faith communities examine the ways they respond to domestic violence and pape term term, whether these practices may deter victims or condone perpetrators. In other words, whether they conceal, not reveal, abuse. Within the writing resources church, more and more concerned people have begun to recognise the magnitude and seriousness of the technology taking over jobs problem in their midst, and agitate for change. Leaders who were previously ignorant or defensive have begun to work to understand the issues; some have been horrified, or at least sobered, to writing discover the extent of abuse in their midst. A survey of the major Christian churches in college high pape paper school term term, Australia has revealed many have developed — or are in writing, the process of sports and sportsmanship developing — formal protocols and resources for preventing and responding to resources domestic violence in their communities. Some also require clergy and parish staff to undertake specific domestic violence training, usually run by external providers — though this is often voluntary. Several churches also reported using guidebooks that advise clergy and pastoral workers on conclusion and contrast, how to recognise and respond to domestic violence and abuse. One resource, cited by the Lutheran Church and writing, several Anglican and Catholic dioceses, highlights unequal power relations between men and women as a root cause of abuse, and specifically calls out the system thesis scope use of resources scripture as justification for control and abuse as a form of domestic violence. A progressive group called Common Grace is also working to build a coalition of Christians prepared to speak up about domestic violence.

As Bishop Richard Condie of the Anglican Diocese of Tasmania said: The scriptural teaching about male headship in the home would be distorted if it were used to justify control, superiority or violence against women … I encourage my clergy to continue to … speak openly about family violence and domestic abuse in about and sportsmanship, their church communities. We need to be prepared to challenge such behaviours — it cannot be excused or justified. And, motivated largely by the Royal Commission, Catholic Social Services Victoria in February distributed a domestic violence resource kit to parishes. It includes a statement from the Bishops of writing resources Victoria, who condemn domestic violence and call on Catholic Church communities to do more to prevent it — 25 years after their counterparts in America did the same. As pastoral leaders in Victoria, the Bishops say, we reject a reading of phd thesis photovoltaic scripture that condones domestic violence. A correct reading of scripture leads to an understanding of the equal dignity of men and women and to relationships based on mutuality and love. 'The vast majority of churches are naive'

But critics dismiss these efforts as slow-grinding, insufficiently resourced, too narrow in writing resources, scope and fundamentally impeded by a lack of phd thesis female leaders. Taboos remain intact, the subject is writing still shrouded with shame, and efforts stymied by misinformation. Roberts, who was in an abusive marriage for six years, now co-leads the website A Cry For Justice, where victims of domestic abuse can find support and resources and grading system thesis and limitation, Christian men and women can learn about this issue from a biblical perspective. She has corresponded with hundreds of thousands of church-going survivors of abuse — with more than a million visitors to her site in the past five years — and says overall, a few churches are making efforts to tackle it but their efforts are not nearly meeting the need. And scarcely any churches are taking action at the coalface to writing tackle the problem. Most churches think they deal well with it when a particular case is for a and contrast reported to them, Roberts says. But the vast majority of churches are naive about the dynamics of writing domestic abuse, the taking over essay mentality of abusers, and the tactics abusers use to manipulate and resources, resist having to take responsibility for their bad conduct. As for domestic violence experts outside the church, Roberts says, many churches are wary of [them] because they assume they are all infected with the virus of system feminism. It should be noted that a small number of churches contacted by writing ABC News either did not respond to repeated requests, or declined to comment on photovoltaic, how they were addressing domestic violence, including the Catholic Archdioceses of Sydney, Hobart and Darwin and the Anglican Church of resources Southern Queensland in Brisbane**. What is clear from the women interviewed by technology jobs essay ABC News is writing that they do not resent the church — they urgently seek its reform. Louise, a mother of five children living in Brisbane, says she is desperate the church's participation in domestic violence be exposed.

She split from her husband, Bill, 14 years ago, and is still suffering trauma. Bill was her first boyfriend. He charmed her utterly and they married quickly. Then, from the moment of the marriage, he lost interest in her and frequently erupted in awful fits of rage. Photovoltaic System. He pinned her up against walls, raped her and controlled her movements. She was not allowed out on her own, even to do the shopping. For two and a half hours every morning and every night he yelled at her. Every time she got pregnant, it got worse.

I was sure my husband was going to kill me, she says. Throughout his tirades, Bill hurled Bible verses at Louise, telling her to obey him, and writing resources, accusing her of being Hosea's wife — a prostitute. She longed to critical thinking kill herself, and one day walked down to the local railway line to throw herself under a train. She had not read the timetable, though, and while she was waiting, her daughter ran from her house and found her. Turning to look at her daughter, she realised she could not leave her children alone with their father. Finally, when she was pregnant with her fourth child, she told her pastor what was happening. I actually got down on writing resources, my knees and begged, I was so desperate, she says. The pastor then arranged for someone to about interview her 12-year-old daughter to writing see if Louise was telling the truth. Grading System. They concluded that Bill just had a bad temper. When a pastor from their Pentecostal church came to visit, he did not make it past the writing front door.

My ex stood up with that look of and contrast example madness in his face and writing, the pastor ran off with his tail between his legs, Louise says. Even this did not trigger alarm bells. The attitude of the church, she says, was cold and callous. Really, really cold. The next person who came to philosophy critical of manitoba their house was a Christian lawyer from the church who told her bluntly: God doesn't like divorce. Today, more than a decade after her marriage ended, Louise is still shattered. I am a wreck of a person now, I don't function very well, I don't see a soul, I don't have a life. I had been isolated for so long, I don't know how to live a proper life.

Sometimes she gets up on writing resources, a Sunday morning and college high school term, gets dressed for resources church, but just sits on pape paper term term, the end of her bed. I am a bit too scared of pastors, of people, she says. We just wanted to writing do God's will and system and limitation, do what it says in the Bible, and submit to whatever authority. I did believe in female submission — it is meant to be submission to love. It is writing meant to photovoltaic system be a relationship of writing protection and love. What is required is substantial cultural change, of the scale that was required for paper school term the church to take sexual abuse of children seriously, says retired Bishop John Harrower of Tasmania. As far back as 2004, he wrote a piece pointing out the writing parallels between the mistakes the church made over sports and sportsmanship the abuse of children with those they have made over the abuse of women.

The first response of the church was to not hear, to writing resources not believe it was happening, he wrote. The second was to treat abuse as a one-off moral failure, which saw perpetrators moved from state to state, parish to parish, without being punished for their crimes. Another mistake was to college high pape term think simply having a quiet word to the abuser and giving advice to the victim to forgive will solve anything, to fail to consult counsellors — and, surely, police. We have been tempted, he wrote, to collude with offenders that their behaviour is nothing more than a matter of private morality. If the church colludes in this sleight of hand, it can find itself, as it did in the matter of sexual abuse of children, he wrote, ignoring the fact that these matters are criminal behaviours; and that they have very real long-term consequences for writing the victims. What has been lacking in church communities, counsellors say, as it also is in the broader society, is first, an technology, understanding of the psychology of violent men, and a recognition of how unlikely is it that they can change. The main problem, Roberts says, is that churches are too easily hoodwinked by the charm and manipulation of abusers: Jesus told his followers they needed to writing resources be wise as serpents and harmless as doves, but most churches are not wise about the grading scope and limitation mentality and tactics of evildoers, nor are they aware of how evildoers masquerade as believers in resources, the church. The abuser typically has a Dr Jekyll persona that depicts him (or occasionally her) as a wonderful and godly man, so that no-one would suspect the truth … If the victim reports the abuse to church leaders, the technology jobs abuser is skilled at shifting blame, evading accountability, and pretending repentance and reformation. The vast majority of church leaders aren't discerning enough to writing detect these tactics of abusers for what they are: lies [and] often advise the victim to remain with or return to the abuser.

Second, is an grading thesis scope, understanding of what domestic violence is. A theme common to resources all of the interviews ABC News conducted with survivors of grading scope and limitation intimate partner violence was that they did not know what it was they were suffering until they saw a website, or pamphlet, outlining the nature of writing domestic violence. This is especially the case for college pape paper school term term those who were abused not physically but sexually, financially, emotionally and verbally. Almost every single woman who had experienced abuse in her marriage told ABC News her husband had raped her. What has also been lacking, according to Anglican Isabella Young, who left her first marriage because of her Christian husband's violence and abuse, and resources, is now actively trying to college pape paper term term force the church to take domestic violence seriously by authoring a book on the subject, is a clear indication that abuse is grounds for divorce — not just in the eyes of the law, but in the eyes of resources God.

She says: Confusion still evident among a sizeable proportion of clergy and in published Sydney Anglican Church documents on jobs essay, this issue causes much pain and confusion among abuse victims. Archbishop of resources Sydney Glenn Davies says divorce should be avoided, but that if it could be proven that a man had ignored and overturned his commitment to thesis scope and limitation Christ as a Christian man, divorce could be acceptable. Abusive clergy moved to different parishes. As was the case with clergy who abused children, clergy who abuse their wives have also been encouraged — or allowed — to move from resources state to state. Tabitha, now 59 and living in Sydney, was married to an Anglican clergyman who emotionally, financially and sexually abused her for decades, and who was moved to another part of the country when exposed. He controlled the sports and sportsmanship music she listened to, the books she read, the wine she drank. He demanded to know where she was at all times and writing resources, she was not allowed to conclusion essay use an writing, ATM or drink lemonade without his permission. He threatened divorce if she cut her hair and paper, constantly accused her of writing resources cheating on him.

He was angered by the way she put the cereal container in the cupboard, and so wrote on it in system and limitation, firm black letters: THIS WAY TABITHA. He was the parish priest. Writing. Tabitha's self esteem was steamrollered. For years she dreamed of leaving, but it was not until he told her, out on a walk one day, that if she did not comply with a depraved list of sexual demands, he would divorce her. She refused. She sought the high pape paper support of local bishops without luck; they refused to resources believe he had behaved badly. Her husband moved to another state, to head up another parish.

Today, Tabitha has rebuilt her life, is working and is finally debt free after enduring a financially crippling divorce. Her two children are almost grown. But she suffers from photovoltaic depression, has no savings and will need to leave Sydney once she retires because she can't afford the rent. She is lonely, and struggles with feelings of resources failure. She watches a lot of Netflix. Sitting at system scope and limitation, a conference table in her office, sipping tea, a gently spoken Tabitha told ABC News: Even in the darkest days, I never felt that God had deserted me, only the church.

In one of the writing very few major arguments I had with my ex after the split, when he was throwing scripture up at essay, me, I remember yelling at him that this was not God-based or scripturally supported and writing resources, that God was crying buckets over what he was doing, and how dare he bring God into this situation when it wasn't his fault. Names have been changed to protect those in this piece who have survived domestic violence. * Editor's note (10/8/17): As reported in this piece, the pape school research referred to was conducted in the United States. **An earlier version of this piece incorrectly reported that the Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane did not respond to requests for comment. Their efforts to address domestic violence are reported in greater detail in the article: Australian church leaders call for urgent response to domestic violence .

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45 Biography Templates #038; Examples (Personal, Professional) A biography is simply an account of someone’s life written by another person. A biography can be short in the case of few sentences biography, and it can also be long enough to fill an entire book. The short biographies explain a person’s basic life facts and their importance, but the long biographies would go an writing, extra mile and include more details to make an interesting read. You may find yourself in a situation which requires you to write a biography of high paper term term a famous person, a close friend or a relative. For this reason, it pays to know how to come up with a biography and the important details that you should include in it. The lives of many people have interesting bits of information, but you ought to know what to capture in writing resources, the biography and phd thesis what to leave out. The length of a biography depends on writing, the type of information that should be included. Technology? The length will determine the nature of information and how extensively it will explain the life of a person. For instance, if you are to write a short paragraph about a person it will mostly capture the important details that identify the person compared to a pages-long biography that may even include the writing resources, person’s childhood experiences and achievements shaping their life.

For a short biography, maybe a paragraph or two long, the following details should be captured: A person’s date and place of birth, at philosophy critical university times with the writing, date and place of death as may be applicable The person’s major achievements in life Their educational background and notable awards Work facts of a person and and contrast example their contribution to that field if any A brief account of the significance of an resources, individual in the community. A lengthy biography will bring out more details of a person’s life making it a bit more complex. His/her history will be brought out more clearly especially the details that shaped them to be the persons they turned out to be. For A Compare Example? The target audience will also dictate the nature of the information that is to be included. The relation of the audience to writing an individual will have an impact on how the information is presented and for a and contrast example the important details that they could be interested in.

In a case where the audience is unknown, more details will have to be included. This mostly happens in writing resources, the case of a several paged biography. You will have to scrutinize the person in a more detailed way and establish more people relating to the person. Focusing on the uniqueness of an grading system scope, individual can do wonders in this case and this might turn out to be inspirational to many people. The field that the resources, person has majored in or had majored in critical university, ought to influence the direction that the biography will take as this will help to bring out the contribution of the individual to their field of study. A biography is meant to writing analyze a person’s life and interpret it as well.

A good biographer will try to join the dots and explain certain actions and events that a certain figure was involved in. This will help in technology jobs essay, clearly bringing out the writing resources, significance of a person’s life through their accomplishments or remarkable deeds. Biographies are usually written in a chronological order. Some biographers could also draft them in a themed order that is university early life, educational background, a person’s achievements or accomplishments. But some especially the short ones will focus on one area in a person’s life. There are several sources of information that could aid one in writing an astounding biography.

These sources of information can be grouped into either primary sources or secondary sources. Writing? The primary sources of taking over jobs information include materials like letters, newspaper accounts or diaries. A biographer can also make an arrangement to interview an individual they want to write about. This is also considered as a primary source of information. The secondary sources are reference books, other biographies or historical records that are related to the subject being written about. Select the individual you want to write about Search for writing resources, the basic facts that relate to thesis scope and limitation a person’s life. The encyclopedia or almanac could be handy at this. Think about the details to add in writing, the biography which can bring out clearly about the person’s life.

Choose the area in a person’s life that you want the essay sports and sportsmanship, biography to revolve around. Some guiding questions that could aid you in this include; What’s the most interesting bit about the writing, person? What is the significance of the individual to the society and the world in general? What qualities or adjectives will be best suited for pape school term, the description of the individual? What actions or life events bring out the qualities or adjectives chosen above? What life events or world events shaped the individual or brought out the best in them? Did they face obstacles or take some risks in life? How did they handle the obstacles and did they happen to be lucky? What impact did they have in the world? Did they add value to the way people view certain aspects of life?

Did they come up with a thing, idea or way of action that transformed the resources, way things are handled or rather done in their societies or world in general? Carry out some additional research on essay, the internet to answer some of the resources, questions mentioned above. Ensure that you find information that will help you tell a story that many will love. After getting everything in order, you can proceed to write the biography. We have provided sample biographies in this site that you could check out in essay and sportsmanship, order to get the drift. A biography template is writing meant to specifically aid a writer come up with an excellent biography. For this purpose to be achieved the writer needs to get his/her hands on a high-quality biography template, just like the technology over, ones provided on this site. The best biography templates should provide clear instructions, and this should be in great detail to avoid the risk of the writer missing out some important facts. The templates available on this site will help you capture all of the details.

The biography templates should also be precise and avoid beating around the bush. Going round one idea or item will make the biography boring to read and it is prudent for writing, the writer to thesis be straight to writing resources the point. By doing this it will be easier for the readers to college high paper term term skim through and find the details they might be interested in with lots of easy. The writer will also save his/her time and concentrate on writing other things. The general sections of any biography as outlined by our sample biographies will have; The name of the person A picture of the person An account of their early life The person’s family life The major achievements of the person The three main interesting qualities or facts about the writing, individual. A professional Biography Template. A professional biography is a statement that could either be short or long that is written about a person, business or company. It should be engaging, informative and interesting for the readers to identify with the person or business entity being talked about. It has a sales pitch that is a little bit different. Philosophy Critical University? A professional biography template is meant to ease the process of generating printed professional biographies especially for an individual who wants to reach a lot of people or institutions. Elements that should be captured in a professional biography are: A summary of one’s early life in a sentence or two, make it interesting Then information touching on writing, your education, mention any academic awards or the for a and contrast, clubs and societies that you were part of.

Any work experience while in school. Talk about how creative and resources innovative you are with coming with solutions to the problems that you have faced as an individual, mention any situation that you were self-reliant in coming up with solutions Mention qualities that make you stand out for about and sportsmanship, instance, being independent, principled or discerning to increase your trustworthiness. Resources? The following tips will enable you to come up with the best professional biography; Be brief and precise to the point. This is to enable the reader to easily and quickly get to know about you. Be spontaneous in your writing Be as expressive as possible and avoid too much of self-editing while drafting the professional biography in the initial stages to capture as much information as possible Be friendly but not too informal Be as interesting as you could in order to get the attention of critical thinking of manitoba many people out there Write it in third person. Talk about writing resources, your life as if someone else were describing it. Philosophy Critical? This site offers you a professional biography template that could aid in writing resources, making the generation of professional biographies an easy and less time consuming task. You can also check out sample bios to figure out how to go about the whole process of coming up with a professional biography. A personal biography is a short account of who you are, your credentials and your notable accomplishments in life. Personal bios ought to be short, precise and essay relevant to your target audience. The use of resources personal statistics such as hobbies or family should be avoided.

A personal biography template will help one to easily and high pape paper term conveniently come up with personal bios. Resources? The key elements in a personal biography are; Give an introduction of yourself. Remember to critical of manitoba write it in third person and include the year that your professional career started to be relevant. You could give a list of any relevant specializations in your field. State your educational facts and credentials. Mention the writing resources, degrees that you have pursued and essay about sports and sportsmanship the respective institutions.

Add any relevant experiences you have that are required for your career and mention the name of the resources, society that you are legally a member of. Proceed to outline any notable achievements or awards you have earned in your practice. Remember that the over essay, information ought to be relevant to the audience being addressed. If you happen to be an author you could mention the magazines or any publishing house that has recognized your works. Resources? Your conclusion should mention any upcoming projects or works in progress that people should lookout for in the near future.

Don’t forget to mention your current place of residence. As you age, it is good to keep on updating your biography to reflect who you are at present time. You can make use of the personal biography template offered by this site to easily and in technology jobs essay, a more convenient way generate your own biography without missing out on the important details. Resources? We also provide sample biographies to give you a feel of what your end draft should look like. If you have kids and you want to let them in on famous historical figures, this site offers biographies for kids.

These will help them know the notable people who help shape the world to what it has become to philosophy be.

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The pain was brilliant, like a poisonous inspiration” (King 19). This opening story really. Character , Fiction , Mind 1179 Words | 3 Pages. ?Lecture 2 Summary Writing Teaching aims 1. Students understand what summary writing is. 2. Students learn to write a . Writing! summary. I. What is a summary? A summary can be defined as a brief restatement, in your own words, of the content of a passage ( a group of paragraphs, a chapter, an article, a book ). This restatement should focus on the central idea of the passage. And it will not contain any of system your own opinions or conclusions. A good summary should have three main qualities: brevity, completeness. Environment , Grammar , Originality 1303 Words | 4 Pages. Key Elements of Writing in Academic Settings.

?Stephanie Moreno Dr. D. Pineda English 101 March 9, 2014 “ Writing in Academic Settings” WRITING IN RESPONSE TO READING . Writing a Personal Response A personal response must have reasons that back up your response by citing and explaining your ideas. Most readers believe there is a correct answer and distrust their response because they don’t feel their answer has the writing resources correct meaning. Any meaning is for a fine as long as it’s backed up with evidence. The Purpose of a Personal Response There are many reasons. Critical thinking , Idea , Learning 867 Words | 5 Pages.

Writing and Classification Essay Sample. essay is resources written by college pape school term term classifying the subject or matter into various divisions or categories. Resources! The purpose is it organizes ideas into appropriate and . constructive categories. Some very good classification essay sample topics would be Music, books, movies, sports, etc. If classification essay sample is, for example, on topic sports then it would look like this 1.Introduction to system thesis scope, sports- explain here briefly how you are going to writing resources, categorize sports. Scope And Limitation! 2.Classification of sports- write here the resources categories. Category theory , United States , Writing 293 Words | 2 Pages. Abstract Writing: The Essence Of The Report. single paragraph. Technology Taking Over Jobs Essay! Although this may seem as though it is a short length to contain all of the writing required information, it is necessary because it forces you to taking jobs essay, . be accurate and yet compact, two essential qualities. The best way to attempt to writing resources, go about compare and contrast essay example, writing an abstract is to divide it into the sections mentioned above.

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All rights reserved. Technology Taking Over! Sample Reports ii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page LIST OF TABLES……………………………………………………………………… . Copyright , Demographics , Employee Assistance Professionals Association 3686 Words | 25 Pages. communicating with other people. Even though Tannen, Munoz, and Tan show many differences about the writing impact of language on thesis their lives, they are extremely . similar in their writing styles, in writing, their approaches, and in grading system thesis and limitation, their overall theme. One area of similarity of writing Tannen, Munoz and university of manitoba, Tan’s essays is in writing resources, their styles of writing . The first writing style that these three authors share is descriptive.

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In a descriptive essay, you need to give a detailed description of a person, place, object, experience or memory. Your description must be so. Conclusion , Essay , Essays 2047 Words | 7 Pages. QuickRef 6 What is a report? This is an introductory guide to report writing . It gives some general advice on essay example the content and structure of . Resources! a report. It is very important for you to consult your Departmental Guidelines or Unit Guide for grading system scope advice on the required report format for the units in which you are enrolled. Writing Resources! Differences between the report and the essay Report • is usually a question or a proposition. • is based on about sports reading and sometimes field work. is to writing, investigate, present. Essay , Report , Technical communication 580 Words | 7 Pages. Types of Writing Textual Analysis. Types of Writing Textual Analysis Textual analysis includes the thinking identification, examination, and evaluation of various techniques and tools . used by the creator of a text. *NOTE: Requirements for each textual analysis may differ.

Always tailor your paper to resources, the specific assignment, making sure to meet your instructor’s criteria. G GETTING STARTED FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH THE WORK View, listen to, or read the work several times. Underline or note the parts of the text that stand out to . Academia , Audience , Audience theory 891 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Writing, Sample Essay Topic: Philosophy Essay in German - 1220 Words. Essay writing , sample essay topic: Philosophy Essay In German - 1220 words Formulierung des Problems (Zusammengefasst): Man . nehme an, dass es einen Hgel gibt auf dem eine Straenbahn fhrt und am Ende des Hgels eine Strae verluft. Nehmen wir an auf der Strae genau auf den Straenbahnschienen steht ein Schulbus voll mit kleinen Kindern und pltzlich versagen die bremsen der Straenbahn und sie rast auf den Schulbus zu. Es ist klar das alle Kinder sterben, wenn die Straenbahn den Schulbus trifft. Zwischen. 1230 Words | 4 Pages. Checklist for Good Writing These simple tips will help in all papers no matter what the length.

Once practiced a few times, this format will . become part of your great writing skills! Introduction: 1. Start your paper with an introduction of one or two sentences to introduce the critical thinking university topic in a broad but relevant manner. Writing Resources! Such an introduction can consist of a global statement of the problem under consideration. For example, “Many children in the United States lack access to competent counseling. Academia , Mental health , Paragraph 1365 Words | 5 Pages.

Writing the Essay U.S. History Organization • Basics – Introduction (4-5 sentences) – Body (4-6 sentences each) – Conclusion (3-5 . High School Term Term! sentences) • Paragraphs – Should be concise and TO THE POINT • Avoid paragraphs that are longer than one page • Helpful Hint – Use a concluding sentence to each body paragraph to summarize main idea and reiterate your thesis • **This does not differ between FRQs and DBQs Introduction • Length: 4-5 sentences • Be sure of what the question is resources asking. Essay , Sentence 616 Words | 4 Pages. Running Head: SAMPLE APA PAPER FOR STUDENTS RUNNING HEAD: Yes, it will say, “Running head: . . College High Pape Paper School! . Writing! .”, but only on the first page. Use an . abbreviated form of the title (not exceeding 50 characters, which will include spaces). Phd Thesis Photovoltaic System! The abbreviated title is in capital letters. This will appear in the top left corner of every page PAGE NUMBERS: A page number will appear on every page in the top right corner of every page. Writing! 1 All elements in the dotted boxes are not visible on your final paper. Essay. American Psychological Association , APA style , Bibliography 1615 Words | 6 Pages. Writing and Individual Study Guide.

Wong and Zoellner. Premium511 Words2 Pages Hitting Personal experience essay writing largely refers to describing personal experience, as . the title suggests. Usually, this type of philosophy critical thinking university of manitoba essay would include describing some, incident or ordeal you have been through. However, it may also refer to a string of related incidents that you remember as one whole experience. Writing! Premium502 Words2 Pages Personal Essay Writing Personal essay is one project that can actually be inspiring for this allows the writer. Essay , Essays , Individual responsibility 880 Words | 4 Pages. ? Link This article summarizes effective writing techniques for conclusion for a compare essay reports. I. The typical structure . is as follows: II. Title, author, date. III. Contents. IV.

Introduction and Terms of Reference (plan for report). V. Writing Resources! Executive Summary (containing main points of evidence, recommendations and outcomes.) VI. Philosophy Critical Thinking! (1-2 pages maximum) VII. Background/history/situation. VIII. Implications/issues/opportunities/threats, with source-referenced facts and. Report , Technical communication , Writing 1308 Words | 5 Pages. Please note that the significance of providing this sample mid-term is NOT substantive (that is, the particular questions that are asked, or . the scope of the exam) – it is to provide students with a sense of the structure/format/style of this exam GNG4170 – Engineering and the Law Mid-term: 60 marks, 2 hrs Wednesday, June 23, 2010 Q1: True/False plus a brief explanation – if ‘true’, your ‘explanation’ should add one further idea/principle related to the sentence [1 mark for each of T/F and related. Common law , Contract , Contract law 704 Words | 2 Pages. PRESENTATION TOPIC: EXPOSITORY AND NARRATIVE WRITING EXPOSITORY WRITING DEF: Expository writing is a type . of writing where the purpose is to inform, describe, explain, or define the author’s subject to the reader.

A well-written exposition remains focused on its topic and lists events in writing resources, chronological order. OR Expository essays are simply essays that explain something with FACTS, as opposed to OPINION. ATTRIBUTES OF EXPOSITORY WRITING • Keywords such as; first, after, next, then, last. Expository writing , Humanities , Max Weber 1624 Words | 6 Pages. SAMPLE PROMISSORY NOTE This document is to be used as a guideline only. HowStuffWorks does not guarantee that this document is suitable, or . About Sports And Sportsmanship! legally accurate, for all situations, and is not liable for any deficiencies in the document’s content. |Borrower Information: | |Name: |Date: .