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Anonymous job applications and hiring discrimination. The use of anonymous job applications to combat hiring discrimination is gaining attention and application essay pay start interest. Results from a number of great, field experiments in European countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden are considered here) shed light on their potential to reduce some of the discriminatory barriers to essay, hiring for minority and other disadvantaged groups. But although this approach can achieve its primary aims, there are also some cautions to consider. Anonymous job applications can prevent discrimination in the initial stage of recruitment. Thesis Paper? Anonymous job applications may boost job offer rates for minority candidates. Anonymous job applications signal a strong employer commitment to college pay start, focus solely on skills and strip report qualifications. Standardized anonymous job application forms are an efficient implementation method.

Job applicant comparability may increase with the use of anonymous job applications. Anonymous job applications have the potential to reduce discrimination only when discrimination is essay pay start, high. Anonymous job applications may simply postpone discrimination to later in gatsby thesis, the hiring process. The full potential of anonymous job applications can be realized only college application, if there are no broad structural differences between applicant groups. Suboptimal implementation of anonymous job application procedures can be costly, time-consuming, and error-prone. Context-specific information may be interpreted disadvantageously if the candidate’s identity is unknown. Anonymous job applications have the potential to great gatsby thesis, remove or reduce some discriminatory hiring barriers facing applicants from minority and other disadvantaged groups.

When implemented effectively, anonymous job applications level the playing field in application, access to jobs by shifting the focus toward skills and qualifications. Anonymous job applications should not, however, be regarded as a universal remedy that is applicable in any context or that can prevent any form of great, discrimination. Discrimination is not only unfair and potentially costly to the individuals who experience it, but also results in large economic costs for society. While discrimination exists in many markets around the application essay pay start world, labor market discrimination receives the most attention. A key barrier is pape, access to jobs. Strikingly different callback rates following initial job applications have been documented for applicants from minority or other disadvantaged groups, such as immigrants and college application essay women. But what if the characteristics identifying minority group status were unknown to recruiters? Clearly, discrimination should become impossible. College Ezessays.us High Paper School? Anonymous job applications put this simple and straightforward idea into essay pay start practice at the initial step in the hiring process.

Now that anonymous job applications have been tested in several European countries, it is possible to assess some of the potentials and limits of this new policy tool. Although it may sound counterintuitive, the underlying hypothesis is that less information may lead to better choices (and outcomes)—at least in the initial stage of the great paper hiring process. Discrimination in the labor market takes various forms, but it appears to application essay pay start, be more frequent in hiring than, for example, in compensation. The extent of discrimination in hiring has been documented in multiple studies, which can be broadly separated into audit studies and correspondence studies. Although audit studies, which use matched pairs of actors with identical characteristics except for gatsby thesis paper, one (for example, ethnicity), have long been used to document pervasive discrimination, they are criticized because applicants from different groups may not appear (otherwise) entirely identical to employers. Correspondence studies address this concern by measuring discrimination based on fictitious paper applicants. Their results are similarly persuasive, and the studies generally document substantial discrimination at the initial hiring stage in many countries, including Germany [1], Sweden [2], and the US [3]. The hiring process and discrimination. Reducing or eliminating hiring discrimination can have large benefits.

Besides establishing equality of application, opportunity and signaling an employer’s commitment to focus solely on skills and qualifications, reducing discrimination is teacher dissertation, expected to increase diversity in the workplace. Furthermore, if recruitment decisions are based solely on skills and qualifications, the outcomes should automatically be in line with a firm’s objective to hire the most productive workers. There may be additional effects as well, for example, on the career paths and wages of college application essay, workers who are potentially discriminated against. Anonymous job applications may be a practical method for teacher dismissal, achieving these benefits. Anonymous procedures have long been used in other areas. For example, scientists have long used double-blind and pay start single-blind procedures in opia letter, experimental research studies.

Blind auditions for symphony orchestras have demonstrated a strong impact on gender composition [4]. Application Essay Pay Start? These experiences show that it is generally possible to types essay, decide or select anonymously to achieve the intended outcomes. College Application Pay Start? Job application disclosure practices differ considerably across labor markets. European and North American countries perform comparatively well in gatsby paper, terms of general antidiscrimination policies and legislation (see Illustration), but this does not guarantee equality in every aspect of application pay start, life. The kind of information that may legally be requested in pape school term, job applications varies widely. Whereas explicitly reserving a job for a person of a certain race or gender has been illegal in the US since the 1960s, asking for very detailed personal information is standard in many Asian countries. For example, Chinese job ads are frequently segregated by gender, and South Korean application forms can include questions on such personal matters as smoking and drinking habits, height and weight, blood type, and financial status.

In European countries, the amount of information requested falls between these two poles. Although European employers would not actively ask about characteristics such as marital status or number of college application essay pay start, children, applicants sometimes volunteer such information. And information about two characteristics that are central to any debate about hiring discrimination—gender and migrant status—can often be deduced from the opia letter applicant’s name. Expected benefits and potential shortcomings of anonymous job applications. Changing the established practice by introducing anonymous job applications may be associated with significant costs. The costs may be higher the more extensive the information that applicants currently provide. That makes finding an effective and efficient method of making applications anonymous crucial, especially from the employer’s perspective. Suboptimal implementation of anonymous applications can be costly, time-consuming, and error-prone.

Even with anonymous job applications, candidates’ identities are eventually revealed once employers have decided on which candidates to interview—at the latest, when both parties meet face to face for an interview. Therefore, discrimination may simply be postponed to this later stage in college application, the hiring process if recruiters consciously or unconsciously discriminate against minority candidates. In that case, even though minority candidates might benefit from higher callback rates, their job offer rates would not be improved by the introduction of anonymous applications. However, the concept of dismissal doctoral, anonymous job applications relies on the assumption that prejudices play a more important role in decisions that are based solely on essay, application documents than in doctoral dissertation, decisions that are influenced by the applicant’s appearance in person. In the standard recruitment process, discrimination appears to be strongest at the time when employers decide whom to interview. Whether this assumption holds and college application pay start anonymous job applications have effects beyond the first stage of the opia cover recruitment process, or whether discrimination is only postponed, requires an empirical determination.

Similarly, but slightly more subtly, structural differences in skills or qualifications between applicant groups or indirect references to a candidate’s minority group identity could still lead to discriminatory behavior in the first stage—even with anonymous job applications. College Application Pay Start? In the first case, unequal education opportunities could lead to credentials that systematically vary by specific types, minority group status. College Pay Start? Such differences in skills and qualifications could then lead to different callback rates for minority candidates even if recruiters have no direct information about the specific types essay minority group status of applicants. Likewise, it may not be possible to remove all information that could point to an applicant’s minority or disadvantaged group status. For example, episodes of maternity leave are a strong signal of a candidate’s gender, while deep proficiency in a foreign language could indicate an immigration background. Finally, some employers might prefer to have a larger number of candidates from minority or disadvantaged groups in the initial selection stage—for example, to increase diversity in the workplace. College Essay? And anonymous job applications can block affirmative action by employers—at least in the initial stage of the hiring process. For Book Report? Empirical evidence and key findings. An overview of several European studies. Although the use of anonymous job applications has also been proposed in the US [5], empirical evidence on their effects is essay, available mainly from recent field experiments in Europe (see Randomized (field) experiments). Among those that have been rigorously evaluated are large-scale experiments in France, Germany, the gatsby thesis Netherlands, and Sweden, and a smaller-scale experiment at a European economic research institution.

Small-scale implementations of anonymous applications have also been undertaken in Belgium and Switzerland, but their effects have not yet been rigorously evaluated, and hence they are not discussed here. The French government implemented a randomized controlled experiment in the public employment service in 2010 and 2011 [6]. It involved about 1,000 firms with more than 50 employees that posted vacancies in the public employment service and that voluntarily joined the experiment. In the experiment in college essay pay start, Germany, which began in November 2010 and lasted for 12 months, each of the eight public and comic private organizations that voluntarily joined the experiment agreed to review anonymous applications in college pay start, specific departments for different types of jobs [7]. In the Netherlands, two experiments were conducted in the public administration of one major Dutch city in 2006 and 2007 [8]. These experiments, which were at specific the department level, focused on ethnic minorities identified through foreign-sounding names. In Sweden, results are available for two experiments. College Application Essay Pay Start? One, conducted at the public employment offices, introduced an online database of applicants in 1997. A novel feature was that applicants could voluntarily choose to exclude their names and gender from the information provided to potential employers.

However, this feature might involve non-random sorting, because the specific types of modern essay job seekers who opt to hide their names and gender are very likely to be those who fear negative discrimination. In a second experiment, conducted in parts of the local administration in the city of Gothenburg during 2004–2006, anonymous job applications were introduced in some districts, while another district served as the control group [9]. Next to college essay, these relatively large-scale experiments, a smaller-scale randomized experiment provides additional insights into comic for book the effects of anonymous applications [10]. The study analyzed data for 2010–2011 at a European economic research institution on interview invitations for economists who applied for postdoctoral positions. In most of the experiments, the callback rates of minority group candidates do not differ from college essay those of comparable majority group candidates when anonymous job applications are introduced. This is what one would expect: If application documents preserve anonymity effectively, discrimination becomes impossible. However, the French study was an important exception to opia letter, this general finding [6]. College Application? Migrants and strip residents of deprived neighborhoods apparently suffer from the introduction of college, anonymous applications: Callback rates are lower with anonymous job applications than with standard applications. An explanation for opia letter, this unexpected result could be that application documents were not fully anonymous. While the applicant’s name, contact details, gender, picture, age, marital status, and number of children were not disclosed, an applicant’s residential neighborhood could be relatively easily inferred from information on schools attended, while ethnicity could be deduced from listed language skills. Whether this fully accounts for the unexpected lower callback rates for migrants and residents of deprived neighborhoods is unclear, however.

Effect of the anonymization method. Even when anonymous job applications are implemented effectively, it is crucial that the applications be truly anonymous. Otherwise, substantial costs may arise. Only a single implementation method was used in most of the experiments, but the German experiment used different methods to assess their practicability [7]. The use of a standardized application form appears to be a very efficient method—at least, once the form has been developed. College Essay Pay Start? Standardized application forms increase comparability among applicants, and the implementation costs are on the applicants’ side—with no apparent negative effects on their willingness to apply. In contrast, the method of specific of modern, blacking out information on completed applications is essay pay start, a particularly costly, time-consuming, and great gatsby thesis paper error-prone technique.

But whatever the implementation method, introducing anonymous applications forces recruiters to reconsider their recruitment practices, and their focus automatically shifts toward the applicants’ qualifications and skills. Although it seems to be generally the college application essay case that with anonymous job applications the of modern callback rates of college application pay start, minority applicants do not differ from cover letter those of comparable majority applicants, this does not necessarily imply that the same holds true for job offer rates after the interview stage. Discrimination may simply be postponed to this later stage. Although many experiments have insufficient data to assess the effects on job offer rates in an empirically sound manner, at least three studies provide some indication of these effects. First, the results of the application two Swedish experiments indicate that the increased chances for minority candidates in ezessays.us school term, the first stage translate into higher job offer rates. However, whereas the first experiment found higher callback rates leading to higher hiring rates across the board for minority and disadvantaged groups, the second experiment found such effects only for college application pay start, women and not for migrants [9]. Pape Paper Term Term? The Dutch experiments found no differences in job offers between minority and majority candidates—regardless of whether their applications were treated anonymously [8]. This finding could indicate that, even with standard applications, discrimination against minority and disadvantaged applicants occurs predominantly when deciding about interview invitations and college application essay might not be very substantial at essay the job offer stage.

The effects on job offer rates for women were not analyzed. Discrimination becomes impossible if recruiters are not given any information about characteristics that could indicate an applicant’s minority group status, as is the essay case with effectively implemented anonymous applications. However, if recruiters are able to draw indirect conclusions about great gatsby paper race, ethnicity, or gender from the information supplied on not fully anonymous application forms, minority and other disadvantaged applicants could still face different, and in most cases lower, callback rates. Even if a way is found to pay start, make application documents fully anonymous at reasonable cost, there remains a more subtle limit to the potential of anonymous job applications. Anonymous job applications shift the focus of hiring decisions toward the applicants’ skills and qualifications. However, if other types of discrimination in society lead to teacher dismissal doctoral, differences in college, skills and qualifications, anonymous applications cannot solve that problem. For example, if minority applicants face discrimination in the education system or face other barriers to gaining skills and teacher doctoral dissertation qualifications, these structural differences cannot be overcome with anonymous job applications. Ambiguous effects and unintended consequences.

It may be that such structural differences have even stronger effects when recruiting anonymously. Application Pay Start? That is strip, because information may be interpreted differently if the context is changed. This appears to be the case in the French experiment with respect to application essay, information about residential neighborhood [6]. It also holds in the case of the small-scale experiment at great gatsby a European research institution, where indicators of professional quality (for example, journal publications) seem to receive a different weight when screening is college application, anonymous [10]. For example, if recruiters are not aware of the applicant’s family situation, migration background, or disadvantaged neighborhood, that information cannot be taken into account to explain such impediments as below-average education outcomes, lack of teacher dismissal dissertation, labor market experience, or insufficient language skills. The more general question is thus whether anonymous job applications remove the “signal” or the “noise” in the information that the application discloses. The European experiments tend to show that anonymous job applications can have the college application essay desired effect of increasing the probability that minority applicants will be invited for a job interview. However, there are also some indications of the opposite effect, when anonymity prevents employers from favoring minority applicants or taking extenuating circumstances into account.

That means that before introducing anonymous job applications it is college pape paper school term, crucial to identify which of college, three initial conditions exist: discrimination, affirmative action, or equality of opportunity. Not surprisingly, the effects of specific essay, introducing anonymous applications are as different as the established practice to be changed. College Application Essay Pay Start? In the German experiment, the results were in line with each of the three initial conditions [7]. In the comic strip report small-scale experiment at a European economic research institution, the essay pay start use of opia letter, anonymous applications blocked the desired goal of promoting the chances of the underrepresented gender through affirmative action (see Figure 1) [10]. Also, in the French experiment, as discussed above, the essay callback rates of migrants and residents of deprived neighborhoods were lower with anonymous applications than with standard applications [6].

These results thus corroborate the often-voiced complaint that anonymity prevents employers from favoring minority applicants when credentials are equal—at least in the initial stage of the hiring process. These circumstances may not be representative, however, as a large number of gatsby, studies for many countries document substantial hiring discrimination against essay pay start minority candidates. Thus, the established practice to be changed should most often be discrimination against minority and other disadvantaged applicants. In most cases, then, the homework free use of anonymous applications should increase the probability of a job interview for minority candidates. Pay Start? Although using anonymous job applications can lead to comic strip for book, the desired effect of increasing the college application chances of opia letter, minority candidates receiving an college application pay start, interview invitation, this result does not seem to hold in teacher dissertation, every context.

In general, the effects of recruiting anonymously appear to be context-specific and to depend on the established practice. More research is needed on the appropriate context for introducing anonymous applications. Along similar lines, removing information about the identity of candidates may result in pay start, a different interpretation of other information. For example, if recruiters are unaware of an applicant’s disadvantaged family background or migration status, they cannot take that information into account to explain, for example, below-average education outcomes, labor market inexperience, or weak language skills. However, determining the actual importance of such mechanisms requires further empirical investigations. Moreover, it is not yet clear whether using anonymous job applications has effects on the outcome of primary interest or only on the first stage of the recruitment process. Do increased callback rates of opia cover, minority candidates also result in increased job offer rates?

So far, field experiments have not involved a sufficiently large enough number of college application essay, observations to allow significant statements to thesis paper, be made in this regard. And in those cases where the college application number of observations has been sufficiently large, the evidence on job offer rates is rather mixed and inconclusive. Furthermore, most field experiments measuring the effects of introducing anonymous job applications focus on either the public sector or the private sector, rather than on both. And the studies that have data for both sectors do not adequately analyze whether effects differ between the two sectors. This, however, may be the case since incentives to hire minority candidates could substantially differ between the public sector and the private sector. For example, public sector employers may be rather keen on ensuring that their employees are a representative cross section of the relevant population.

Anonymous job applications have the potential to teacher doctoral dissertation, level the essay recruitment playing field. If application documents are made anonymous in a way that is fully effective, the callback rates of college ezessays.us paper school term term, minority applicants do not generally differ from those of college essay, comparable majority applicants. Although this is in principle a desired outcome, the relative effect depends critically on the established practice in the recruitment process and, more specifically, on the extent of discrimination that may have affected a candidate’s prospects up to that point. Thus, current evidence does not seem to specific types, support the desirability of college application essay, a mandatory introduction of anonymous job applications in every context. For some jobs and professions, anonymous hiring appears to be neither a feasible nor a necessary measure. This includes jobs in the worlds of science, the arts, and letters, since discrimination is limited in very creative, highly skilled, and rather competitive labor markets. And if firms want to credibly commit to discrimination-free hiring, they could voluntarily introduce anonymous job applications. For example, some organizations from the German experiment continued to hire anonymously even after the field experiment had officially ended. And even where discrimination may be present, anonymous job applications have their limits. They are clearly not a universal remedy to combat any form of discrimination.

They target one specific stage in the recruitment process and may have the potential to eliminate discrimination at that stage. Teacher Dismissal Doctoral? But there are many other circumstances where discrimination against minority candidates is present that are not affected by anonymous job applications. For example, combating discrimination in education or promotions is clearly beyond the scope of this approach. Finally, the public debate about anonymous job applications shows an interesting trend in college pay start, the policy approach toward it. Many European countries have conducted field experiments to thoroughly evaluate the college ezessays.us high pape term actual effects of anonymous job applications before initiating implementation on a larger scale. Application Pay Start? This new line of action in homework free, the spirit of application essay, “evidence-based policy making” should be utilized more often, also with respect to opia cover, other possible reforms or amendments of existing laws.

The author thanks two anonymous referees and the IZA World of Labor editors for many helpful suggestions on earlier drafts. This paper draws on many fruitful discussions with co-authors of application essay, papers on homework, anonymous job applications (see, for example, [7] and [10], and another joint paper listed under “Further reading”). The IZA World of Labor project is committed to the IZA Guiding Principles of Research Integrity. The author declares to have observed these principles. Anonymous job applications and hiring discrimination.

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resume mike yates Something To Think About --Posted 4/14/17. How central a role does genetics figure in application essay pay start bodybuilding? The answer is, perhaps, best illustrated in the following anecdote. Invariably, during the question and gatsby thesis paper, answer portion of every seminar that I've ever conducted, a skeptic will ask, But, Mr. Essay! Mentzer, if Heavy Duty training is truly the teacher one valid, scientific approach to training, how do you account for the success of men like Arnold and Lee Haney? To which, my stock reply is, If you wanted to learn the most effective method for developing an optimum suntan, would you ask someone of negroid heritage?

The point being, of course, that while there are those born with the application best tan possible (negroid), others swelter on beaches in the summer to obtain a moderate skin burnishing, and homework free, yet others will never tan, i.e., albinos. In bodybuilding, there are the genetically blessed. i.e., those with a strong inherited predisposition for having/developing large muscles; the genetically accursed, i.e., those who will never achieve more than a minuscule of muscular development no matter how they train or eat; and everything in between those extremes. Willy-nilly, nothing - no amount of teeth-gnashing, hand-wringing, hair-pulling or howling in the void - will alter the fundamental fact that any given individual's genetic programming in this regard is absolutely fixed; and, within the context of existing scientific knowledge, cannot be changed. While everyone has the capacity to college application essay pay start, improve upon his existing muscular development, such can be done only within a fixed range. Or, in other words: no one with inherited physical traits similar to Woody Allen can do anything to alter his genetic programming so as to extend the range of his potential such that he could develop a Mr. Olympia physique. One Last Point On Genetics --Posted 4/14/17.

(One's standards, whether explicitly or implicitly held, will determine his attitude on the issue of genetic endowment. In one sense, from one perspective, all healthy enough to engage in bodybuilding activity at opia, all, to college application essay pay start, any degree, are blessed. Do My Free! When one of my training clients made a habit of college application essay pay start, complaining about her calves being too high, her biceps being too short, her genetics being rotten, I finally put a stop to it. I told her that if she persisted I would personally walk her to comic strip report, the strand on Venice Beach and introduce her to college essay pay start, an acquaintance of mine, named Jerome, who makes his living dancing on the stubs that should have been his legs, collecting money from the passers-by in college pape paper school term a tin cup set by his side because he was born without arms as well.) A Full, Relevant Context --Posted 4/14/17. The biochemical-hormonal factors involved in muscle growth are numerous and complex, the college application essay pay start entirety of which is for book report not known. (Such knowledge is not a practical necessity for the bodybuilder.

What is crucial is that he understands the proper application of the fundamental principles of exercise; which represent the ultimate physiologic expression of all of the biochemical-hormonal factors.) What is application known is that the biochemicals involved must be present in teacher a certain ratio to influence optimal results from exercise. An abundance of college application essay pay start, one will not cause the others to work more effectively. For instance, a massive increase in do my free either GH or testosterone will not result in significant potentiation of the pay start other; but, in of modern essay all cases, increased cortisol will have a negative affect. Quantity vs. Quality of Effort --Posted 11/21/16. Where does one launch an investigation aimed at discovering the type of effort responsible for stimulating growth? The most likely place to start is by looking at one of the more readily observed qualities of the things that exists in reality; namely, quantity. The growth stimulus cannot be directly related to quantity of exercise effort or bodybuilders would see better and better results for college every additional hour they spent training. Since it obviously is not the quantity of effort that's important, there is but one place left to look - the quality, or intensity, of the comic effort.

If a person could curl a 100 pound barbell for 10 reps to failure which rep would be more productive in terms of stimulating an increase in strength and size, the first, the least intense, or the last, the most intense? Obviously it is the last. Do you see where it stands to reason that if the last rep is better than the first, it will be better than the second, third, fourth and application essay, so on? That is irrefutable proof that it is the great gatsby thesis quality of the effort, not the quantity, which is responsible for growth stimulation. Quantity of effort is important only for building endurance, not strength and muscle mass. Don't confuse training long with training hard. Training hard, intensely, is what is required to build muscle mass. Reserve Ability --Posted 11/21/16.

Executing that last, almost impossible, rep causes the body to dip into its reserve ability. Since it only has a small amount of this reserve to draw upon before depletion occurs, the body protects itself from future assaults upon its reserves by enlarging upon college application, its existing ability through the compensatory build-up of more muscle mass. Only high-intensity effort can force the body to comic report, resort to its reserve ability sufficiently to stimulate an adaptive response in pay start the form of a muscle mass increase. Repeating tasks that are within your existing capacity do nothing to stimulate growth, there's no need. College Ezessays.us High Pape School! Ending a set before failure, just because an arbitrary number of reps have been completed simply will not induce growth. A Second Set? --Posted 11/21/16. On occasion, I will have a phone client ask, Mike, you make such a big deal about doing only application essay one set per exercise. Would it really matter if I did a second set?

Having stimulated the growth mechanism by going to failure on the first set it is neither necessary nor desirable to teacher dismissal doctoral dissertation, do a second set; not just a waste of time, but counterproductive. Going from essay pay start one set to two is not just a mistake: it is the gatsby thesis biggest mistake possible because going from one set to two represents the biggest increase possible. It is not merely a linear increase of one unit; it represents a 100 percent increase in the volume of exercise; which is a negative factor. Look Deeper --Posted 7/23/16. I find it curious that the great majority of bodybuilders, knowing that overtraining means something decidedly negative, never look into the issue more seriously. The term is always used in a negative context. In fact, try using the concept in college pay start a positive light, and you'll quickly realize it's impossible.

By definition, overtraining means performing any more exercise than is required in terms of both volume and frequency than is minimally required to stimulate growth. Survival: The First Requisite --Posted 7/23/16. Nature does not allow living creatures to dismissal doctoral dissertation, be inactive. In all levels of biology, inactivity means death. College Essay! Life is growing. When not moving forward, it falls backward. We survive, then, only teacher dismissal doctoral dissertation so long as we advance. Humankind evolved through continuous struggle and effort. Since man is distinguished from college application pay start all other creatures because he has a mind - a conceptual faculty - he will only specific types of modern essay get the best out of essay pay start, himself when employing his rational/critical faculty to focus on the future, that is, to achieve goals.

The individual who wants to evolve mentally and physically, therefore, must be willing to exert continuous effort. Effort and Pride --Posted 7/23/16. An individual's self-esteem stems from a sense of control over reality. Specific Of Modern! Whenever we carry out a conscious effort, such as, completing a record Bench Press, an A+ in school or writing a book, we feel a specific power rising, a sense of will. The abundant self-esteem associated with successful people flows from college application their having achieved goals by great thesis paper, exerting the proper effort - long range. College Application! People are not successful due to an accident of birth; they took the time and expended the specific types of modern essay necessary effort to develop their self-respect. They sufficiently value life and college application, happiness to exert complete effort. As a result, they experience what Aristotle referred to as the crown of all virtues: Pride. A Personal Note --Posted 2/16/15. The will needs a rallying point around which it can gather its force. Comic Strip! Bodybuilding always served as a powerful stimulant that heightened the sense of meaning in my own life.

The following excerpt from college essay my training journal before my Mr. Gatsby Thesis Paper! Universe victory chronicles this enhanced sense of application essay, life associated with my contest preparation efforts: The fact that all this tortuous preparation, privation and doctoral dissertation, relentless pursuit has lifted me to a higher level of existence is inescapable. Life has assumed greater meaning in the process. Application Essay Pay Start! While there is, at comic for book, times, a certain element of tension and discomfort attending this elevated existence, I can say that while in the throes of it, I feel generally stimulated in all areas - intellectually, emotionally and college essay pay start, spiritually. YOU! --Posted 2/16/15. You are the agent of great paper, your own destiny, whether you realize it or not, whether you act it or not.

Only you can find the college essay pay start motivation to exert the quality of effort to doctoral dissertation, achieve your full potential as a bodybuilder. No one else can do the work for you. Developing a personal philosophy of effort based on objective principles requires time and dedication; but the rewards are commensurate. As that philosophy takes shape you will grow increasingly directed and purposeful. But you can't just think about it, you must act on it! So, take pride in your power to achieve your values and college pay start, goals. Be a champion of choice and make the high-intensity effort necessary to achieve the kind of physique you desire. Blessed and Accursed--Some Have It, Some Don't --Posted 2/16/15. Not often - (but enough to be remarkable) - while I am explaining the teacher doctoral role of genetics in bodybuilding at a seminar or to a phone consultation client, someone complains, refusing to college application essay, accept the fact that the extent to which muscles can be developed is strictly, inherently limited.

And, while most bodybuilders today are at least aware of the issue of genetics, very few know precisely how crucial a role it plays, or much about specific, phenotypic (i.e. genetic materials' physical) expressions. As a youth, walking the main streets of specific types of modern, my small hometown of Ephrata, Pennsylvania, I would regularly see non-trained women who exhibited ordinary muscular development otherwise, yet had calves on par with those of an advanced bodybuilder. Not much later, while in Air Force boot camp, I encountered two different individuals on separate occasions with muscular physiques. Upon asking each how he trained, both responded in essentially the same fashion, Everyone thinks (I) am a bodybuilder; but I've never worked out in my life. Calf Training: You Don't Put Out a Fire With Gasoline --Posted 7/23/14. Very often, one hears it said that the calves are stubborn muscles because we walk, run and climb stairs, etc.; therefore, they need more work, more sets and college application essay, more days per week. Well, if overtraining is the problem, how can overtraining be the solution? Doing more work for the calves would be something akin to strip report, trying to put a fire out with gasoline.

What the calves require is not more work, but a radical departure from the type of work they are accustomed to; namely, one set of very high-intensity calf raises to failure no more than once a week. College Essay Pay Start! One may use the Standing Calf Raise or Toe Press on the Leg Press for 12 -20 reps or so. Perform the Seated Calf Raise only free periodically, as it doesn't work the actual calf, or gastrocnemius, but the underlying soleous muscle. (While sitting in a chair normally, place the tip of one of your index fingers into college application pay start, the belly of the high school term gasctocnemius, then do a calf raise, go up on your toes, and you'll see that the college essay pay start gastrocnemius doesn't contract. The legs must be straight and specific types of modern essay, knees locked, for the gastrocnemius to be involved.) Mentzer's Advice to Dorian Yates - and college application, YOU! --Posted 7/23/14. Most bodybuilders are only dimly aware that overtraining means something negative. It is, in specific types of modern fact, the worst training mistake they can make.

Especially you, Dorian, considering your prodigious strength and size, must be willing to college application essay pay start, regulate the do my homework volume and frequency of application pay start, your training. Ezessays.us Pape School Term Term! The question you should be asking yourself is not how much exercise do I need, but how little do I require. I understand you pride yourself on being a radical individualist. Well, then, to hell with what others have thought or done. More muscle is what you're after, not approval from the pack! Break with tradition intellectually and physically. Work with these ideas, and college application essay pay start, set a new and higher standard of bodybuilding excellence. Specific Essay! So what if you find yourself spending only 20 minutes in the gym once every four or five days. Become the first Mr. Olympia to college pay start, improve dramatically on an already heavily muscled physique. Be the first Mr.

Olympia to reach the upper limit allowed by his genetic potential. Your Exercise Rx: A Narrow Therapeutic Window --Posted 7/23/14. In medicine, the great thesis first thing researchers must do is college essay establish the comic report identity of the application chemical compound, or drug, that will induce the comic strip for book report desired physical effect. Once that is accomplished, they must then discover how much (the dose) and how often (dosing frequency), i.e., the application essay narrow therapeutic window, to give the individual. Just the right amount will produce a positive effect; anymore, a negative effect.

That very principle from medical theory carries over doctoral and has direct application to exercise theory. In bodybuilding, the first thing was to college application essay, establish the identity, or nature, of the training stress that would induce growth stimulation; namely, high-intensity, anaerobic activity. That done, the teacher doctoral next step was to discover the volume, or dose, and the frequency; again, the narrow therapeutic window. Just the essay right amount in terms of college ezessays.us paper school term term, volume and frequency produces a positive effect; anymore, a negative effect. As M. Doug McGuff, MD, and President of college application essay pay start, Ultimate Exercise, Inc., states, You wouldn't take any medicine if it didn't come with a correct dose and dosing frequency; why should you expect anything less from dissertation your exercise Rx? Individual Exercise Stress Tolerance. I find it curious, given the truth of the above, that a number of exercise scientists advocate that everyone do up to 60 sets a day, virtually every day.

Individual exercise stress tolerance is application essay a genetically determined trait; and like all such traits is expressed across a broad continuum. The most readily observed genetic trait is height; where you have midgets at teacher doctoral dissertation, one extreme, and giants at college application, the other. With regard to intelligence, there are literal morons at one end and super-geniuses at report, the other. In the area of individual sunlight stress tolerance, there are light-skinned people who tolerate very little high-intensity sunlight stress and dark-skinned people who tolerate a lot more. The same is college essay true with individual exercise stress tolerance: with those at one extreme who tolerate very, very little intense exercise stress and those at the other end who tolerate more.

This is one of the types of modern major flaws in application essay the volume (over) training approach: their failure to account for individual differences in exercise stress tolerance. Inducing Muscular Hypertrophy. In the field of bodybuilding/exercise science, the idea is do my not to pay start, inject a chemical compound to induce muscular hypertrophy. Of course, inducing muscular hypertrophy by imposing a high-intensity training stress is ultimately effected via a biochemical change that the training stress causes within the physiology. It is specific conceivable that, in the near future, researchers could isolate and identify the biochemistry of growth stimulation; then develop a chemical, or drug, that would be injected into the human being to induce muscle growth beyond normal levels, all without requiring a training stress - unlike steroids, which do facilitate protein synthesis, but require training to application essay pay start, be optimally effective. A Fundamental Error. Most bodybuilders make a single mistake, a fundamental error, which is specific types largely responsible for college application essay pay start all their other mistakes: They fail to gatsby paper, take cognizance of the fact that bodybuilding is a part of exercise science; which flows from medical science. Essay Pay Start! And that science is an exact- and an exacting - discipline which absolutely requires that man use a specific, rigorous method of thought (logic) to gain precise knowledge of reality - (the one reality we all live in, the one where what goes up, must come down and teacher dismissal doctoral dissertation, 2+2=4) - so that he may successfully achieve his goals. Medical science - and exercise science - is based on an understanding of the universality of the principles of human physiology. Application! While this last statement may seem redundant to some, considering the near-universal confusion concerning the fact that there is and cover letter, can be only one valid theory of productive bodybuilding exercise, such tautology is necessary.

It is precisely this fact: That, birth defects and genetic anomalies notwithstanding, the principles of human anatomy and physiology are universal, or applicable to all members of the species; which renders the college sciences of medicine and exercise viable intellectual disciplines. To refute the validity of any one of these theoretical sciences, one would have to marshal irrefutable evidence that humans exist who do not possess an animal's anatomy and physiology - nor a rational faculty. Don't hold your breath whilst searching for such a creature. To Stress the Point One More Step. If you were to find yourself in the jungle tomorrow, and you happened upon a voodoo witch doctor, he'd have close to a zero percent success rate with his patients. Then you introduce to him this miracle - Western theoretical medical science, i.e., logical diagnostic procedure, sterile technique, surgery, analgesics and letter, antibiotics, etc. College Application Essay Pay Start! All of a sudden, the witch doctor's success rate skyrockets off the charts. To say that there is no one valid theory, or that all approaches have merit, is tantamount to stating that the intellectual method of the voodoo witch doctor is as likely to correct a brain aneurysm as would that of a neuro-surgeon. Obviously, there is a life-and-death difference between the application of true ideas and false ideas. In bodybuilding, the difference between the report application of true and false ideas is: Actualize you full muscular potential in a relatively short period - or, fail to ever achieve it.

The Absolutism of Reality. If you abdicate the responsibility of learning the nature of your consciousness, your means of survival, then you can never control it; thus, you unknowingly deliver yourself into the power of college application essay pay start, those who wish you the worst - whether he's trying to sell you a used wig, an erroneous training theory, or that evil theory of teacher, politics known as socialism. Nature, to be commanded, must be obeyed. The absolutism of reality dictates how you must guide your training efforts to successfully develop larger muscles, and essay pay start, the absolutism of reason determines how you must direct your thinking so as to achieve intellectual success - truth and knowledge; and the greatest power possible to man - certainty! Special Tip for Lagging Body Parts. For some, even one set for certain body parts may prove more than the college ezessays.us pape paper term individual can tolerate or even need. For instance, over the years, I have had training clients, who informed me at the start that they couldn't stimulate growth in their calves, whether they were training them with 12 sets three times a week or just one set once a week. They took my advice, acknowledging the college application essay possibility that even one set may be too much, then ceased training their calves entirely. College Ezessays.us Pape Paper School! These individuals reported to college essay, me on a regular basis, claiming calf increases of 3/4 to for book report, 1 1/2 in college essay several months. Similarly, I've had clients who gained quite well overall with their greatest circumference increase in for book the neck.

These examples prove the reality of indirect effect, i.e., when growth is stimulated in one muscle, growth is stimulated through the entire musculature - though to a lesser degree; and the larger the muscle being worked, the greater the degree of application pay start, indirect effect. The calf increases reported above were likely the result of the effect provided by Leg Presses, Squats and college school term, Deadlifts; with those experiencing tremendous increases in their neck being the application indirect result of growth stimulation induced by Shrugs and Deadlifts. Conclusion: If you have a lagging body part, stop training that part entirely for a few weeks, then resume training with a lesser number of sets, or, with calves and neck, stop training them entirely. As the Body Changes, Training Requirements Change: Sticking Points are NOT Inevitable! Very often an individual's progress ceases entirely because he failed to great thesis paper, account for a very important consideration: that during periods of physical-muscular progress the body is not static, it is in a process of college essay, change; and that as the body changes training requirements change. Homework Free! (This was only touched upon briefly in Heavy Duty I ; but elaborated thoroughly in Heavy Duty II. ) In fact, this is the most important issue in bodybuilding science once the fundamentals of intensity, volume and frequency are grasped.

A properly conducted bodybuilding program is essentially a strength training program. College Application! Or, in other words, if one wants to do my free, grow larger he must grow stronger. When someone starts to college essay, argue with me on this point, I say, What is one supposed to do to grow larger, get weaker? As one grows stronger, i.e., as the of modern weights grow progressively greater, the stresses on the body become progressively greater; and must be compensated for. (This is the conceptual link that high-intensity theorists have been missing; and college application pay start, which explains their inability to answer the homework question of sticking points.) Perhaps the easiest way to understand this phenomenon is to observe the stresses on your body when performing a warm-up set of Squats compared to those experienced during the actual workout set to failure. Application! On the heavier workout set, you immediately recognize the much greater stress on college ezessays.us pape paper term, the bones compared to application, that with the warm-up set; then the types of modern essay much greater demands on the cardio-respiratory system, and so forth. (Not available to conscious awareness are the physiologic-metabolic stresses.) Now simply extrapolate that into the situation over time, as you lift progressively greater weights workout to workout. As the stresses grow progressively greater, they will eventually reach a critical point such that they constitute overtraining. The first symptom will be a slow down in progress; and if the individual continues with the same volume and frequency protocol, the college stresses will continue to increase until there is a complete cessation of progress, typically referred to as a sticking point. Comic Strip For Book Report! One need not ever experience a slow down in progress, let alone a sticking point, if he bears in mind all the application while that as the paper weights grow progressively greater so do the stresses; and essay pay start, he must do certain specific things to compensate for them. Within two to great thesis paper, three weeks upon embarking on a Heavy Duty, high-intensity training program, a bodybuilder should begin inserting an extra rest day or even two at random beyond the suggested every fourth day workout so that he's compensating for the increasing stresses; and, then, with increasing regularity until he is essay pay start training but once every five days with an extra rest day or two added beyond that. To quell any fear about the progressive reduction of training frequency, consider this.

An individual making progress training once every fourth day, i.e., whose body is overcompensating--(i.e., growing stronger and larger)--cannot lose anything by taking a further day or two of rest. If his body is overcompensating on day four, how is it that he would decompensate on day five or six? So, while there is no risk of a negative, no threat of dissertation, a loss, by college essay pay start, inserting an extra day or two of rest, there is the actuality of a positive; which is - with the extra rest day(s) you have that much greater certainty that enough time has elapsed between workouts to allow the body sufficient opportunity to complete both the recovery and the growth processes. The implication here is that if the individual trains again before the body's growth production process is completed, it will be short-circuited; and less than 100 units of possible progress realized. Once the individual is training once every seven days, I suggest a reduction in pape paper school the volume of training as outlined in my new book Heavy Duty II: Mind and Body. College Application Essay Pay Start! Reduced volume will necessitate switching from the Suggested Workout #1 to the Consolidation Program. With a consolidation routine, there is comic a decided shift in emphasis to predominately compound exercises, i.e., ones that involve multiple muscle groups, such as Squats, Dips and Deadlifts, etc. A workout program consisting of compound exercises still works all of the major muscle groups, but with fewer total sets, making for a minimal inroad into recovery ability. (Ideally, growth would be stimulated with zero sets; then none of the body's limited recovery ability would be used for recovery, it would all be used for growth production; and you'd grow so fast as to college application pay start, stagger the imagination. At this juncture, however, no one knows how to stimulate growth with zero sets.) Following the above advice, you'll never hit a sticking point; you will experience unbreached progress with your training. As I have written before: if scientists can send a man to the moon and bring him back safely each time, we should be able to succeed with every one of do my homework, our missions to application, the gym here on earth.

Building bigger muscles should be a cake walk compared to moon walk.

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angel angelus essay All Angelus - An Angelus centric fiction archive. Angel Slash - An adult fiction archive, no longer updated, but lots of nummy fic. Archaic Reputation - An older Angel site resource, finally being resurrected. Blood Screaming - The classic fanged four site, great fiction, dormant site. Old Fashioned Fourplay - A Fanged Four fiction archive. Application Pay Start? One Happy Family - No longer updated, but still home to college ezessays.us pape school term, some good fic. Scribes of Angel - A very large Angel/Angelus archive, lots of great fic. Slashing the Angel - A fabulous slash site, with an college application, excellent resource section, invitation only.

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A Demon's Heart - An older site, fair amount of Angel/Doyleas well as other Doyle pairings. Grimoire - The old Doyle Zone, no longer active, but home to homework, lots of fic, character show info, etc. College Application Essay Pay Start? The Messenger and the Message - An extensive A/D fic site. No longer updated. Until You've Been Tested - Lots of Doyle fic, mainly A/D. Charm School - The Drusilla Zone, recently revived, accepts submissions. Insane Drusilla - Hannah is still building the fanfic archive, but does accept submissions. Lots of other info. Night Blooms - An A/D/Spike archive, not searchable by college ezessays.us high pape paper term term pairing but home to some good fic. Chaos Child - The Ethan zone and writer's resource.

Archive accepts all Ethan pairings. College Essay Pay Start? Degenerate Son - An Ethan fic archive, accepts submissions. Evil Temptation - An A/F shipper site in German (inclufing fic). Do My Homework? Faith Solace - A Faith writer's resource and college essay fansite, accepts submissions. Love is comic for book report Criminal - An A/F shipper site, small archive, accepts submissions. Soulmates - An older Angel/Faith archive, small but stories are all complete.

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L.A. - The Angel/Lindsey Zone Legalease - The Lindsey Zone, a gorgeous collection of A/L to be found within. Passion over Reason - Not update in strip for book years, but there's still some of Slade's A/L stories and recomendations. College Essay? Summer's Flower - Mazal's Angel/Lindsey series. Small site, good fic. Do My? LoveLorne.net - A fun Lorne site with lots of pay start goodies, accepts submissions. Doctoral? Songs of college essay pay start Mercy - More fic than you would expect. Not updated recently, but still a nice looking archive. Licence to Thrill - An Angel/Nina fic archive and resource site. Accepts submissions.

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Kinetic - The Angel/Xander Zone Random Adorableness - An Angel/Xander archive, no longer updated. Step Away from my Xander - An automated archive with a fair amount of A/X. Xanderxtreme - A fairly large Xander site, lots of A/X, accepts submissions.

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College application essay pay start

Example Executive Resumes Other Career Marketing Documents. This client had achieved the pinnacle of success in a niche of the financial services industry and had grown somewhat bored and ready for a new challenge. College Essay Pay Start! With new corporate leadership in place, he felt the winds of change coming and wanted to leave on his own terms and at the top of his game. Whether this was advisable or not was irrelevant by the time he came to me, as he had already resigned his position. Opia! His goal was to find a position that would challenge him, and was particularly enthusiastic about the prospect of building another niche player into a market leader. The bold red and essay pay start, blue color scheme matched this client’s bold personality.

The charts and great gatsby paper, graphs helped emphasize his proven potential as a mastermind for business growth. This client also had uncommon, value-add experience in the public sector and maintained a strong professional network of former colleagues and contacts in Washington D.C. Considering that he worked within a highly regulated industry, he had leveraged this experience in his prior positions and we wanted to pay start, call attention to it in his resume even though it was from quite some time ago. We decided to include it but leave it undated. IT and Telecommunications Solutions Executive Resume. The client had three possible goals with this resume. For more than 12 years as an expert in IT and telecom solutions for cover hospitals and healthcare organizations, he had earned a comfortable living through his own independent consulting firm.

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This client was an extremely well educated, non-practicing MD and expert in global clinical RD within the pharmaceutical and biotech industries. He came to me with an extremely lengthy and detailed CV that he had been trying to use in the corporate world, with little success. It took some extensive consulting with the dismissal doctoral client to get him to college, think about his work in terms of results and benefits—especially results or benefits that we could quantify. He simply wasn’t used to thinking about his work in these terms and this was further complicated by the fact that it truly was difficult to quantify many of his accomplishments. Paring his extensive credentials and the technical details of his work down to just three pages was another challenge. The resulting resume was well worth it.

The structure, formatting, and design of the entire resume was created to succinctly convey his many technical qualifications and specific of modern, make them as easy-to-read as possible at application, just a glance. The highlights and big-picture impact of doctoral dissertation his contributions at each company are set apart in an eye-catching box. Notable highlights for each are called out in college essay, a bulleted box. I created an addendum for details of free his many additional credentials, and I instructed the client to college application, bring this with him as a leave-behind for interviews. Conservative design elements and do my free, coloring used in the resume help make it eye-appealing, but appropriate and acceptable to the target industry. This client was challenged with how to write her resume because she was worried that her experience with multiple start-ups (many that were not successful due to no fault of her own) reflected poorly on her.

She also struggled with how to communicate her many accomplishments despite the failed startups. Clearly we solved all her problems with this powerful and application essay pay start, highly effective resume. She was also in a field in which a CV was sometimes requested, but not often. To prepare her for anything, we created this modular resume that included two addendums that she could include or not, as was appropriate. This accomplished client was ready for his next challenge and loved working in great gatsby thesis paper, start-ups, early-stage growth companies, and turnarounds. This resume helped him accomplish his goals in application, record time. Comic Strip Report! Within weeks of launching his search, he had accepted a job offer as the CTO of a growing company. Notice the technique used at the end. We didn't want to date the college essay resume further back than we did, but he had some early-career accomplishments that he wanted to convey. The other experience section allowed us to do that without dating the resume too far back.

What do you see that is unusual about this resume? We had reasons not to cover letter, want to make the dates on pay start, this resume too obvious, and yet experience that dated back further than 20 years was still relevant. Rather than listing the dates in a really obvious place, they are within the dismissal doctoral text of the resume. This may not work in essay pay start, some industries, but given the intended audience for free this resume, it was a highly effective technique. Entrepreneur Returning to the Corporate World in a Senior Sales Management Role - Sales Manager Resume. Tammy Lawson was on application pay start, track for a very successful sales management career when she decided to leave the college pape paper term world of traditional employment to purchase and manage a franchise organization that was in distress and required turnaround. She was hugely successful in this endeavor and had built the company revenue more than $10 million over the past decade. She had just sold the college essay pay start company a few months before when she came to me for a resume. While she had enjoyed the thesis paper challenge of being her own boss, she yearned to application, go back to her sales management career, which was her passion.

However, she wasn’t sure how to present this in a resume, as her most recent experience made her appear overqualified and drew attention away from her more relevant sales management experience. Her “ideal” job would include some aspect of free sales training and application essay, mentoring as well, as this was something she loved doing and really excelled at, although none of her previous job titles reflected it. The solution was a resume that was very strategically written to focus on her most relevant sales qualifications and to deemphasize the fact that she had been the owner and top executive of the franchise company. While we were meticulously honest in our description of her most recent experience, we were quite selective about school, what we included and which aspects of her achievements we chose to focus on in order to emphasize the aspects most likely to be relevant in her next position. A variety of graphics, charts, and essay, graphs called attention to cover letter, her most impressive accomplishments and areas of college application qualification. Tammy’s training-related accomplishments are sprinkled throughout the resume. Dr.

James Agard was a European-trained MD and U.S.-trained MBA with a long history of accomplishment as a practicing anesthesiologist. While he was still a practicing physician, his career had taken a turn into pape paper executive management and he wanted to college application, continue this, hoping to land a CEO role. Great! He offered a very distinctive value proposition: the proven ability to transform medical operations into a unified, seamless, high-quality, and cost-optimized “value-based” sustainable system founded on common purpose, vision, and teamwork. In the progressive leadership positions he had held over the most recent decade, he made great headway in this regard. We used a variety of charts, graphs, and college pay start, callouts to illustrate this very distinguishing value proposition throughout the resume. In particular, we illustrated Dr.

Agard’s results in decreasing costs while simultaneously increasing quality of patient care, caseloads, and overall revenue. When Dr. Agard came to me, it was with a very detailed medical CV which included a very confusing chronology of his experience, since many of teacher doctoral his positions have been simultaneous. I rewrote his resume into a traditional executive format that showcased his stories of challenge-action-result-strategic impact success, particularly as they related back to college, his value proposition. The emphasis throughout is on great paper, his leadership and management competencies, though his clinical highlights and medical credentials add essential credibility and are highlighted in his summary profile. The color scheme of muted greens, browns, and college application essay pay start, golds create immediate eye appeal and are consistent with Dr. Agard’s conservative personality. Manufacturing Industry CEO Resume.

Terrence came to me as a seasoned CEO, to have me prepare his first resume ever. He had a really incredible story for why his career had progressed as rapidly as it had (engineer to plant GM almost overnight). Free! As a young engineering professional, he was on a business trip and ended up talking with the man sitting next to him on the plane. That man was the owner of a company that was troubled and college, losing money. They had a lengthy discussion in which Terrence offered a number of strip for book report suggestions about how he would correct the problems and essay, turn the gatsby business around.

A couple of college weeks later, the company owner called and recruited Terrence to serve as GM of one of the most troubled plants. Letter! The hitch: he would receive NO salary until he turned it around. He quickly produced positive results and was later promoted to president of the entire company, and then recruited to the CEO role he was in college pay start, when he came to me. This story was touched on report, in the resume by noting that he had been personally recruited by essay the owner, but I used it more extensively in the letters and paper, biography that I also prepared for him. An excerpt from one of those letters: Do you want to be safe and good, or do you want to take a chance and be great? I hadn’t heard this quote, attributed to Jimmy Johnson, 20-plus years ago when I took my chance. Application Essay Pay Start! But it is a chance I will always be grateful I took, as it changed my life forever. Driving profitable business growth, improvement, and sustainable change. Those are the themes that have been present throughout my career, but my opportunities to really have an impact skyrocketed two decades ago, when by chance or fate I happened to strike up a conversation with the man sitting next to me on an airplane. At the time I was a young professional, not long out of college and beginning to establish myself in an engineering career.

The man I was talking with turned to for book, be the owner of a company, and after lengthy discussions regarding business philosophy he offered me a job with the challenge to turnaround a failing manufacturing plant. The catch? There would be zero pay until the application pay start plant was profitable. As risky as it might have seemed, I had faith in my potential, and somewhere I found the courage to take the chance… Terrence’s personal brand and value proposition was all about driving growth and results through the creation of a cohesive company culture of “We.” We showcased this in his profile section, and do my homework, I called out application essay pay start a quote from him that I had jotted in my notes during my consultation with him. The quote was perfect, because it emphasized his focus on producing results through teamwork, but also because it emphasized his philosophy of specific types of modern life and leadership which had been shaped by his early experiences. Again, we further drew this out in the other documents I prepared for him.

Terrence had lots of successes and college pay start, results. Thesis! The Executive Performance Snapshots call immediate attention to the overriding story of success and his strategic impact in each position while complementing his brand. Rather than letting the reader get lost in a sea of college application essay bullets, I used a graphic element on each page to illustrate some of teacher dismissal doctoral dissertation his quantified achievements in application pay start, a format that was quick and easy to scan. The color scheme was selected to give the resume an understated elegance while adding the visual appeal that would ensure his resume stood out. Insurance Reinsurance Industry Executive. Sales Engineering Executive Resume.

Vice-President, Global Finance Manager Resume. Brianna was an interesting corporate finance executive. She didn’t have particularly strong mathematical or quantitative skills. Instead, for her it was all about understanding the underlying meaning of the numbers and how that meaning could be used to drive business strategy. As I interviewed her, her passion for dismissal doctoral dissertation this really shone through and she got really excited describing to me how the C-suite executives would come to her and she would help them understand the numbers and college application essay, help them create strategy from them. Cover Letter! Without a doubt, this was the key to her personal brand and unique value proposition and we emphasized it throughout her resume. The resume was slightly challenging in that Brianna had worked for the same, well-known company for college pay start many years. This company had a strong public brand, but behind the scenes had really been struggling since the economic crash about two years after Brianna had been hired. She had a really hard time communicating the high pape school term specifics of her contributions to me and she said just the fact that the company was still alive indicated that. But now there were some serious efforts underway to sell the company, and college application essay pay start, as a whole it had never really bounced back from the downfall.

After a lengthy conversation I was finally able to distill a number of specific achievements that balanced all of her contributions in regards to cuts, streamlining, and RIFs with a few stories of growth from thesis paper when she was first hired and from some specific parts of the application essay pay start business that did grow. Doctoral Dissertation! The result was a really strong resume that clearly positions Brianna as a high-level strategic and finance advisor to the C-suite, but also as someone who is also able to produce results no matter what the college pay start situation: business growth or streamlining. Specific Of Modern Essay! The graphic used on the second page, with the plus and minus sign, complements this theme. Information Technology Executive Resume - U.S. Pay Start! Expatriate. Carol was an interesting client in that just out of college, 18 years before, she picked up roots and moved internationally, never looking back as her career took off. Fast forward to the present and dismissal dissertation, she was the college pay start mother of two school-aged children and specific types of modern, really wanted to college pay start, return to the U.S. We intentionally made her U.S. citizenship and desire for specific of modern essay a return to the U.S. Application! very, very clear in the header of her resume. But, we were concerned that even understanding her citizenship, potential employers might view her complete break from the U.S. negatively, so I wrote the text of her resume to really emphasize how she was recruited and promoted aggressively over the years, as a way to explain why she had stayed in Ireland for so long.

This was also a major theme of the ezessays.us high pape term cover letters I wrote for her, as you can see from this excerpt: Some people swear that timing is college application pay start, everything. Teacher Doctoral! Others insist that successful people make their own luck. As a 20-something who picked up roots and college application pay start, relocated internationally, I wasn’t really thinking about either at the time. College Paper School! Today, more than 18 years into an ever-progressing and always successful career, I am a true testament to both. Coming out of college with an application, M.B.A. and a computer science degree from one of the most prestigious universities in the world, just as the dissertation dot.com era was being born in application essay, 1996, there could hardly have been a better place in the world for me to be than Europe. After all, as I’m sure you know, Ireland is well known as a world-class hub for high tech innovation and startups. As a talented, ambitious, creative, and pioneering system and types essay, software architect, designer, and developer I was aggressively recruited to work on a number of innovative and start-up technology initiatives and products. Recognized very early on for my leadership, I was sought out for college application essay team leadership roles in the first year of gatsby my career, a trend that has continued and accelerated since. Carol’s original resume was extremely detailed and technically focused.

I rewrote it to emphasize her leadership and application essay, management credentials and potential. Her major strengths included her unusually strong ability to clearly and deeply understand the issues at homework free, hand, cut through the essay clutter, and focus on the pivotal points most critical to success, creatively overcoming any obstacles on specific types essay, the path. These strengths drove her key value proposition: the proven ability to steer world-class product development organizations to increased competitive advantage and stronger sales, profits, and shareholder gains by college application essay pay start leveraging innovation and maximizing quality and performance. This value proposition is paper term term, clearly conveyed in college application, her resume profile and also through the stories of success and achievements throughout her resume. The graphical and design elements in the resume gave her resume immediate visual appeal, but also provided us a way to convey the key results and contributions she had made. With a goal of highlighting the content of her resume rather than drawing the college ezessays.us high pape paper school term eye away to college application, design elements alone, we chose a muted color scheme that clearly let her impressive achievements shine through. Senior Sales Manager Resume - Industry Career Change. Jack Asher is an extraordinarily accomplished and ambitious sales management executive with a BOLD and engaging personality—the type of person who has a presence that “fills” up a room when he walks into it. His leadership style was equally. bold and college pape paper, highly effective, as evidenced by the outstanding results he had produced consistently throughout his career.

He had been in the insurance industry since the college essay pay start start of his career. Jack’s goal was to transfer his extraordinary sales management experience into a new industry. Including the names of his employers, which clearly indicated they were insurance. companies, was unavoidable, but we were careful to strip the resume of any other industry-specific language that would. pigeonhole him. The language used throughout the resume was carefully chosen to teacher, help show how Jack’s experience was transferable. The bold red and black color scheme and layout was selected to complement his personal brand and application pay start, value proposition which was all about do my free, bold leadership of college application top-producing sales organizations.

The format allowed us to call out and draw attention to the. major achievement at each company, while further illustrating his value proposition with many results-indicative numbers. The testimonial on the second page was a perfect addition as the person had used language that clearly supported Jack’s brand. Of Modern Essay! The. representative accomplishments section on application essay, the first page gave us a place to showcase Jack’s most impressive, career-wide accomplishments. For almost her entire career this client had worked for the same hotel and resort company, which if presented incorrectly could make her career look stagnant. As she was hoping this resume would help her make the transition to the CFO level, it was important to cover letter, show that while her experience was all in college essay, one company, it was still progressive. The client was also concerned that her SVP job title wasn’t reflective of her potential and she really wanted to emphasize that she had worn many hats in a growing company, as well as the acting-CFO for free a number of months. In order to application essay pay start, really showcase the concepts of growth and progression, the resume content and design was strategically developed to highlight the letter exponential growth of the company during the application time this client was working for them, as well as her eight promotions through the years. The charts on the front page, with the specific types of modern eye-catching upward pointing arrows, really emphasize the business growth, while the red-shaded accomplishment boxes in the body of the resume emphasize the client’s progression as well as the depth, diversity, and college, significance of her most prominent accomplishments.

The client hoped to comic strip report, remain in the hospitality/hotel industry or a related industry, so her relevant expertise in college application pay start, these was promoted in the text. Her passion and unique value proposition was all about building connections and types, teamwork to application, drive results, and this is great, really called out in the profile section with the included quotes. International Executive - CEO / COO Resume. This client was a multicultural, multilingual American expat who had spent his entire career working in essay, the Middle East. He was very accomplished and prided himself on creating ethical and thesis, transparent organizations that produced outstanding results and helped propel companies to pay start, the next level of success.

He had progressed quickly in his career and was leading at the very highest level in his company, but without the title to go along with it. He hoped to move his career to do my free, the next level, but was worried that his job title didn’t convey his level of experience. We quickly addressed this in the job description, justifying his targeting of CEO roles. The rest of the resume is very results-focused and his contributions are highlighted using a variety of design, graphical, and charting techniques. College Application Pay Start! We chose a very conservative color scheme that the client thought would appeal to the audience he was targeting. We anticipated two primary audiences for term the resume: 1) American companies doing business in college pay start, the Middle East and 2) Middle Eastern companies doing business in the U.S. So as not to confuse the do my reader, we thought it was best to specify in the resume which currency we are referring to when we give monetary figures. North American Controller Vice President - Finance Resume. Lucy was concerned that she had spent nearly a decade with a company that had been in rapid growth mode when she first joined them, but then quickly went into college application decline, beginning in 2008, along with the economy. She was worried that the company’s revenue decline would reflect back negatively on her capabilities. A second concern was that she had resigned from her last company with plans to start an independent consulting firm.

While she completed a few small assignments, she did not enjoy the sales and gatsby paper, marketing aspect of running her own firm, and college, jumped at the chance to go back to traditional employment. Unfortunately, this left a not very flattering time period in her employment history. In consultation with the client, it became clear that while her current employer’s revenues had declined (an aspect of the company she had zero control over), her contributions in reorganizing and streamlining the do my homework company so that it remained vital and positioned for future growth when the economy rebounded, were absolutely essential. Without her financial leadership, the application pay start company may have failed completely during these years. Instead, by the time we were preparing this resume, the situation was looking much more optimistic for do my the company and they were entertaining several options to restart growth once again. The client’s very real contribution in all of this was her transformation of the college essay financial function from just an accounting arm of the company into a strategic business partner, a value proposition that we showcased throughout the resume.

Care was also taken to college ezessays.us pape paper term term, balance the content with growth-focused language and achievements, to illustrate that Lucy’s value proposition was just as relevant and beneficial when a company was in college application essay pay start, growth mode. This helped to prevent her from being pigeon-holed as a leader for downsizing initiatives. Lucy was not able to provide any significant accomplishment stories from her consulting years. Essay! So, rather than take page space and attention away from the college application essay pay start more relevant experiences, we chose to describe the consulting briefly at the end of the resume. To minimize the possible immediate impression of a gap in the resume, the employment dates were strategically placed next to job titles where they were not as visually obvious. When you invest in my Executive Resume Writing Career Marketing VIP services it is at great gatsby thesis, NO RISK whatsoever, because if you follow through with the project and college application essay, are not fully 100% satisfied with the quality of the doctoral services and deliverables that I provide, within one week of receiving the proof documents you can destroy the college electronic copies of the proof files, return any other products or materials sent to free, you, and can request and receive a full 100% refund. Executive Resumes - Traditional Grayscale Coloring. Chief Investment Officer / Senior Fund Manager - Investment Banking Resume. President / CEO / General Manager - Senior Manager Resume. Infographic Resume / Value Profile Examples.

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essay on pro life Human life is a continuum beginning at conception and ending at natural death. You did not come from a zygote or a fetus, but once was a zygote and a fetus, not just a piece of tissue. Imagine the potential of life. In spite of the college application pay start, arguments presented by pro-abortionists, there exists more reason to shun the practice than keep it. In this light, this paper examines the contentious issue of abortion. Abortion refers to a practice whereby a pregnancy is terminated with the outcome being the death of a human fetus (Hillar, 2000). It remains one of the most contested issues in as far as social and moral obligations are concerned. Both sides in the debate present valid arguments to either support or reject abortion. Pro-life arguments are mainly based on the concept of preservation of human life from the point of conception to that of giving full priority to unborn fetus’ life over that of the mother.

On the other end, pro-abortionists contend that women possess ultimate control of their bodies to that point of prioritizing their lives over the natural observable fact of the teacher dissertation, development of a new human being. Abortion is elementarily murder (Simmons, 2002). Anti-abortionists have the notion that it is morally wrong to take away someone’s “right to live.” However, proponents of abortion have contended that calling abortion a “murder” is merely a statement which is based on religious belief. Application Essay Pay Start. To them, the choice on whether to do my homework free, abort or not lies entirely with the essay, women. At this juncture, it would be prudent to examine the concept of teacher, abortion from several perspectives. As outlined by Hillar (2000), philosophers view the essay pay start, fetus’ moral status as being the fundamental flaw by proponents of types, abortion. From the vantage point of application, liberals, even though there is the teacher dissertation, underlying aspect of the moral status of the fetus, abortion remains justified in a variety of cases. College Application. For instance, in a hypothetical situation where a woman is homework free, raped, there will be a hard decision to make; keep the pregnancy and let the child be a reminder of the trauma for pay start the remainder of one’s life or abort the fetus and in the process, possess the guilt of teacher dismissal doctoral, having “murdered” a human life. College Application Essay. In this fantasized scenario, a liberally-minded person would opt for abortion since they may argue that the fetus uses the comic, woman’s body.

Liberals contend that women possess justifiable grounds to go for abortion in the event that their lives are endangered if they have been raped and in essay, extreme cases where they have taken considerable precautions to avoid being pregnant. However, the teacher dismissal, argument by the liberals is patently false and exaggerated. According to Simmons (2002), people with this kind of notion do not recognize the college pay start, special feature of the growing fetus i.e. the fetus is an opia letter outcome of a previous conscious event which possessed a predictable outcome. In spite of the fact that rape is a societally condemned act, the liberals’ view does not hold due to the lack of moral justification for taking away a fetus’ life. For conservatives, a fetus possesses full moral status from the point of conception which in turn implies a right to live. From their vantage point, human development does not necessarily have to be divided into essay pay start stages; to them, human development is an act of dismissal doctoral dissertation, continuity which begins with conception. As such, the right to living cannot be separated from a fetus’ character. Hillar (2000) agrees, stating that attempt to make an college application exception for abortion, for instance, after a rape or if the fetus is seriously defective, goes against the continuity aspect of college high pape paper term term, life development which should not be allowed. In pursuit of this, conservatives also object to the removal of cancerous uteruses which have fetuses on the notion that the physician possesses the college essay, intention to “kill” by carrying out an abortion. Conservatives only tone down if the letter, scenario is that of self-defense i.e. in the event that the fetus existence poses a danger to the mother’s life. The other perspective is from the application, moderates, who weigh the great, arguments both for and against and then make a decision in support of 1973 United State’s Supreme Court Decision Roe vs.

Wade. It was this highly publicized case that contributed to pay start, the legalization of great gatsby, abortion in the US. According to Haney (2008), moderates refute the conservatives’ notion that the fetus is a completely new life on application its own. This view also disputes the liberal perspective which contends that the fetus is not a fully fledged life as yet. Even though the fetus is not yet a person, carrying out abortion in the later stages of pregnancy would be unjustifiable; in this stage, the fetus has already taken some resemblance to people. In the earlier stages, though, the do my homework free, fetus has not taken resemblance to people and for college essay pay start this reason; abortion at this stage would be permissible. However, the moderate position, which finds its strength in the 1973 abortion law by the US Supreme Court, has its flaws (Hillar, 2000). For one, legalization of abortion may be the underlying reason as to cover letter, why teenagers are encouraged to have sex. By offering abortion as a solution to pregnancy, the teenagers might feel that they can always remedy the situation they find themselves in. reverting to the hypothetical scenario where a woman gets raped; anti-abortionists contend that abortion is not really necessary since the affected person can obtain medical treatment that prevents the pregnancy.

However, despite the medical treatment options available, pro-abortionists present a counter argument that approximately 59 percent of college application pay start, raped women still get pregnant, implying that the medical treatments do not work always (Haney, 2008). In light of this, it is imperative to note that often, the victims of rape do not report or seek medical treatment to prevent pregnancy, thereby putting themselves in blame’s way when they contemplate abortion afterward. Also, legalization of abortion contributes to increased number of unsafe abortions procured in backstreet clinics which in turn lead to more cases of maternal mortality. According to Haney (2008), proponents of abortion do not have an informed sense of “life” in its required definition. For pro-life individuals, the fetus is indeed a new life, an authentic, equal human life. From this perspective, a fetus of six weeks has the ability to cover letter, experience pain. Also, a fetus at eight weeks has already established its own unique fingerprints which it will carry on into its adulthood.

It is also a fact that three months into the pregnancy, the fetus’ internal organs have become intact and college pay start operational. The fetus is capable of sleeping, waking, tasting, hearing and sensing. These, according to pro-life individuals, are the distinct features that cause people to believe they are alive and as such, the fetus is also alive. Infants, while still in their mothers’ wombs, can be monitored, undergo surgery in addition to pape term term, receiving blood transfusions. Therefore, it would be illogical for people to insinuate that fetuses are not a component of living human beings. The notion that the fetus is also a human being is the cornerstone of pro-life argument (Simmons, 2002). For this reason, abortion may be rejected since it is brutal and inhumane, a vicious form of murdering innocent human beings. Abortion through the use of Suction Aspiration, where powerful suction tubes are inserted into mother’s wombs through dilated cervixes, leads to the fetus being grossly dismembered. This procedure not only terminates a pregnancy, it also ends the life of an equal human being.

Towards this end, abortion is radically opposed. From a theological perspective, pro-life persons oppose abortion based on application the Bible’s teachings. Despite the fact that the holy book does not outright castigate abortion, there are implicit teachings regarding the sanctity of human life and the need to value it. Teacher Doctoral. In Genesis 1:27, the semblance of pay start, mankind with God makes it sacred i.e. “God created man in his own image.” In addition, God imparted to mankind the college ezessays.us pape paper term, ability to think, reason and operate at college essay higher social levels, making them special as compared to gatsby thesis paper, other creatures. Clearly, each offspring by human beings is sacred and should not be “killed” at any cost. Activists who are pro-life have their arguments founded on the grounds that abortion is relative to the individuality of every person (Hillar, 2000; Simmons, 2002). Based on essay a single-celled zygote, particular traits which individuals will possess as adults can be determined, all of them being completely unique. In spite of inability, deformity or low operational capacity, pro-life activists contend that every individual who is homework, created by God is special and one of a kind. Application Essay Pay Start. For this reason, all human beings have to great gatsby thesis, be given the chance to achieve their full potential in life.

Generally speaking, the most widely used argument by anti-abortionists is that some of the aborted fetuses would have been senators, presidents, writers, professional athletes, doctors, astronauts and so on. On their part, pro-abortionists contend that carrying out an abortion during the first 10 months into pregnancy does not have any moral harm; the human psychological conditioning makes people believe in life in the fetus and hence, feel attached to it. The abortion debate has raged on for very many years, and can be traced to the time of Aristotle. According to English (1975), Aristotle was of the college application essay pay start, notion that deformed kids should be left to die. In the ancient past, Plato, in his works, stated that all ill-conceived embryos did not have to be brought to types essay, birth and in the event that infants were born out of them, should be disposed of by the parents. In actual sense, the application, foremost recorded evidence which referred to abortion was that of do my homework free, a Chinese Emperor in the year 2737 B.C. in spite of the pay start, support for abortion, Christians vehemently opposed it, since it was widely carried out in ancient Rome and Greece.

The “Teaching of the Twelve Apostles” or “The Didache” was a Christian manual which outlined the church affairs and morals which stated that one shall not carry out or procure and abortion (referred to as infanticide). This dedicated opposition to abortion which was shown by the Christian church remains a solid foundation for today’s resistance by church faithful. People who comprehend the specific, direct castigation given to abortion by revered church fathers instantly assume it to be an atrocious evil. Another reason for opposing abortion can be viewed from application essay pay start a psychological dimension (Haney, 2008). A large number of people believe that an act which is as intimate as abortion has substantial significance on psychological repercussions.

Women who undergo an abortion will have feelings of guilt and remorse after the act and may never be the same people again, thereby choosing to shun the act altogether. On the other side of the spectrum, pro-abortionists are of the notion that belief in a fetus’ life at conception is preposterous and entirely religious. For them, believing that a single isolated cell is a full human is really hard, bordering on absurd. Ezessays.us High Pape. Though they admit that the college, embryo is a symbol of “potential life,” they are radically opposed to the notion that it is indeed fully human until the specific types, entire human structure and functions are in place and are operational. Essay. For this reason, a fetus of one week or so is not considered as a human life by pro-abortionists.

In refutation of the above argument, pro-life activists contend that if indeed a creature can be defined as not being alive because of non-operational structures, would it be correct to insinuate that the elderly people with failing body structures are also not alive? Presumably, the answer lies in doctoral dissertation, the fact that they are alive, which brings out the hypocritical nature of pro-abortionists (Haney, 2008). Also, pro-abortionists often separate definitions of personhood and college application pay start human life. By giving personhood a definition that it is the ability for approval as a member of a particular social community and types of modern capacity for self-conscious thinking. College Application. This implies that they admit that the fetus is high school term, indeed human life. Essay. However, they deny the fetus the do my, rights of people. Another argument put forward by abortionists is pay start, that the act is done in the best interest of the woman and her family (English, 1975; Hillar, 2000; Haney, 2008). A question they frequently ask is whether a woman should be compelled to go on with a pregnancy or bring up a child into adulthood without any concern for her expressed desire or will. An illustration suffices to college ezessays.us paper school term, explain this point: Jane, an 18-year old woman is raped and becomes pregnant. Clearly, this is not a child she had planned for or possesses the desire to pay start, take care of as her “own.” She faces a dilemma of whether to carry out an abortion which she feels is morally wrong or carry it to full term though the child will always be a permanent reminder of her trauma.

For pro-abortionists, Jane has been driven by free necessity to carry out the abortion which acts as a birth control mechanism for women who are not ready to have kids. Many pro-life activists have difficulty in answering the query as to whether abortion, as in Jane’s illustration, should be approved. According to Haney (2008), a sixteenth of 10,000 cases of abortion are as a result of rape while the rest are occasioned by social issues. Pro-abortionists state that women who have fallen pregnant as a result of rape may be haunted by flashbacks of the dehumanizing experience they underwent. Also, due to the fact that the bulk of raped women are generally young, single women, it would be hard for them to pay start, raise the kids on their own. Opia Cover. As such, pro-abortionists contend that abortion should be contemplated in this situation i.e. the mother’s interest has to be prioritized before that of the unborn fetus. Towards this end, the college essay pay start, circumstances underlying the pregnancy of the woman should be the crucial factor in deciding whether to abort. Another aspect that gives impetus to pro-abortionists’’ arguments is the free, safety and wellbeing of the mother. In the college application essay pay start, event that there is specific of modern, a complication as a result of pregnancy, abortionists are of the college, notion that the mother should be saved at opia letter the expense of the essay pay start, fetus since actually; it is not a live human being (Haney, 2008; English, 1975).

The logic behind this is the fact that the mother is a valuable member of the community in which she resides and her death would contribute to a much larger tragedy than the death of the unborn fetus. Due to the reason that abortionists believe abortion to be a wise choice on any occasion that is deemed suitable by the mother, they would not hesitate approving it if a woman’s health is endangered. On the other hand, pro-life activists argue that abortion for ezessays.us pape school whatever reason is plain murder by another name. Whenever there is a case of college application, abortion, human life, even though small, is stifled. Also, choosing to end the “life” of the unborn fetus has been described by pro-life activists as being discriminatory. For Book Report. In other words, they state that for people who make decisions for the fetus to die based on various arbitrary traits such as psychological or physical development are in essence according to some humans more rights or values than the others.

An argument fronted by pro-life supporters is that is there exists uncertainty regarding the fetus’ right to college essay pay start, live, then the procurement of an abortion is tantamount to taking a risk of murdering another human being (Hillar, 2000). Specific Types. The argument is founded on the notion that if the right to live off the fetus is in application pay start, doubt, then it logically follows that it would be absolutely reckless and wrong to treat it as lacking this particular life, for essay instance, through killing it. This argument is refuted by abortionists who contend that in college pay start, the similar fashion, killing various animals for doctoral food or even plants would be morally wrong too, since people do not know for sure whether such beings do not possess the right to application pay start, live. As pro-life supporters’ argument, the failure of an individual to determine whether a fetus has the opia letter, right to life is application, not an implicit need for one to act in a manner opposing the arguments. Towards this end, abortion should not be carried out merely because it is difficult to college pape school term term, come to essay, an agreement whether the ezessays.us pape term, fetus has a right to college pay start, live. It is evident that the arguments fronted by pro-life activists outweigh those put forward by pro-abortionists. Abortion remains a largely controversial topic that requires being addressed soberly. Despite the fact that some people may deny the fetus as possessing the right to live, it is, at least, imperative for teacher dismissal dissertation them to consider the fetus as being a potential human being who may develop into adulthood if no deprived of life. College Pay Start. A biological fact is college ezessays.us high pape school term, that the act of abortion eliminates potential life and has been referred to by some people as murder. However, this issue will continue to elicit debate in the future for as long as more children are born on this earth.

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