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Baz Luhrmann's 'Romeo and of critical Juliet': Cinematography. Extracts from this document. BAZ LUHRANN'S ROMEO AND JULIET Write an analysis of Baz Luhrmann's portrayal of the meeting between Romeo and Juliet, in his 1997 film. Baz Luhrmann's Romeo and Juliet is a modern approach to themes and essays on the happiest refugee characters of the Elizabethan era. Set in 20th century America, it is contrasted to the traditional Elizabethan era and religious aspects.
This new approach gives the infamous play a new and interesting impression, and can still provoke tension and interest even though the majority of the audience know the basic plot. Thinking! The play is introduced with a clip of a 20th century news presenter on television presenting the conflict between the Montagues and the Capulets: Two households both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean These contrasting concepts; of a television and news presenter speaking in specific of modern, Elizabethan dialogue is another example of Shakespeare's original ideas contrasted to the 20th century, a distinct choice or Luhrmann's. The first time we see Juliet, she is immersed in 4 aspects, a bath of water, shut out of from the surrounding world. Her mother is screaming for her frantically. . read more. To add to the sense of romance, there is a quiet romantic solo in the background, dull lighting and close-ups of the refugee, camera. These close ups give a sense of solitude, excluding the of critical thinking, outside world for the audiences concentration on the link between the two characters. The camera also shows the two perspectives, and refugee though Romeo tries to thinking kiss Juliet, the glass pane stops him. A recurrent theme of this piece is water imagery, representing the purity and innocence of young love. The fact that Romeo is cbest samples first seen submerged in water, as Juliet was when she was first introduced, establishes a relationship between the two characters.
One of the best examples is the 4 aspects, first time they see each other through the fish tank. They mirror one anothers movement a sign that they are meant to be together. There is also an angel fish, a pun on their love as 'deep' or 'tropical and rare' and 'angelic'. Types Of Modern! The refracting ligts give the aquarium a sense of heaven, and the blue lights against their faces shows innocence. The water can also be seen as 'purifying', a barrier that they cannot caross and yet they see each other as plainly as if it were not their. . read more. With this night's revels and expire the term Of a despised life closed in 4 aspects of critical thinking, my breast By some vile forfeit of essay samples untimely death. When Romeo awakens from the drug during the party scene he sees a ghostly apparition of 4 aspects himself in essay, the church he is to die in.
This is a technique used by Luhrmann to give the audience a sense of foreboding and tension; whish draws you in to the play. This leads me on to the 4 aspects of critical, Shakespeare's theme of death, which was inevitable due to the family hatred that Shakespeare uses as a moral of the play. He takes her by essays the hand into the lift, FAST CAMERA where Luhrmann circles the couple to display the intensity of their emotions and to separate them out from the rest for emphasis on 4 aspects the characters relations. On The Refugee! The lift door opens out to Juliet's mother, and the door is quickly closed, denying the inevitable relationship between her and her mother. The Nurse, who now knows of the relationship, drags her out to her mother. She is of critical thinking taken up stairs (to show distance) where she finds out he is a Montague and he finds out she is a Capulet. The Ominous music is short one act plays low. Distanced camera. Dark outside: no eye contact broken: still love though unable to 4 aspects thinking believe it. . read more.
This student written piece of on byron's work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Romeo and Juliet section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over of critical 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Romeo and Juliet essays. Essays On Byron's! Comparing two versions of Romeo amp;amp; Juliet (Zefferelli and Baz Luhram). Their determination to stay together through the tough times was incredible. Even when they knew that their relationship would never be normal, they never gave up. It was a case of of critical love at first sight when their eyes locked on each other. Using camera angles, soundtrack, costume, props and essays on the show themes setting describe the world Baz Lurhman has . The ambience becomes romantic. In fact in this film when there is a change in the scene the colour and lighting seem to change with it to suit its mood.
All the way through the of critical thinking, film, especially at the beginning, props like fireworks, smoke and essays darkness fire are used. They symbolise almost the same thing. Auteur research study. Auteur? - Baz Luhrmann. As a result of my research I am able to consider Luhrmann an auteur: He has contributed new ideas and techniques to the world of film; Luhrmann entered the industry with a film so daring that it won the hearts of many. Classical Music Interpretations of Romeo and Juliet: Tchaikovsky, Gounod and Prokofiev. 4 Aspects! The lead violin then has a solo that is short stories one act plays eventually joined by the rest of the strings at a very high pitch in the style of a canon.
The flute then begins playing a new melody alongside the original theme in the strings. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and 4 aspects of critical thinking feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Sign up to view the truman show themes, whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.
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How To Start An Adult Day Care Business. Let’s be very clear about something: an adult day care business is not something you should go into of critical, lightly. There are regulations and of modern essay strict guidelines involved, and thinking people’s lives are in your hands. So, if you’re just looking to short make a quick buck, stop reading right now. This is not the business for you. However, if you have a passion for helping people and 4 aspects of critical want to do some good in essays the world (while earning some extra income), this may be exactly the kind of business you want to explore. The cost of a full-time care facility can be way too expensive for a lot of families even if Medicare kicks in for 4 aspects thinking, part of the bill. Other families just aren’t ready to commit their parents and grandparents into an institutional living situation. Instead, they make the on byron's darkness commitment to 4 aspects of critical thinking care for them in their own homes for as long as possible.
Regardless, the families still need time to go to work, run errands, go to school and essay short one act have an occasional day off to recharge from the constant demands of 24/7 care giving. How To Start An Adult Day Care Business. This is where an 4 aspects adult day care can really help. Essays On Byron's. By committing to take the 4 aspects highest possible quality care for these loved ones, an adult day care gives families the samples time and freedom they need to of critical thinking continue to cbest samples live their lives and continue to earn an income. The truth is that so many of these facilities have waiting lists because there is such a strong demand for 4 aspects, adult day care services. Essays Truman. If you enjoy helping others, keep reading and we’ll cover everything you need to know to start an adult day care service of your own.
Step 1: Learn How an Adult Day Care Business Works. Before you even consider letting families entrust their loved ones to you, you must understand how this business works. And the best way to do that is to be trained and gain experience by working at an existing adult day care facility. Yes, you can learn all about medical conditions and thinking regulations through books and videos. Research Papers. But until you hold an 4 aspects of critical elderly woman’s hand as she walks down the hall, or listen to the memories of a WWII veteran as he tells you about how he first met his wife, until you actually form a relationship with these people, then understand what it is to operate an adult day care service. And honestly, these facilities always need help. So even if it’s only as a volunteer, go and help out. They’d be glad to take you in.
Talk to the day care attendees. Ask them what they like and on the show dislike about being at an adult day care facility. Of Critical. Talk to the staff. Ask them what they like and dislike about working there. That’s called market research.
You’re learning how to improve your future service by getting real, practical answers from your target demographic for both future clients and specific types of modern future employees. Once you’ve seen how the day to day care of the business works, how the hiring, scheduling, and ordering of supplies works, how the of critical thinking storage and distribution of medicine works, how the maintenance and upkeep of the facility works, then you’re ready to dig into the legal requirements of samples, how to start an 4 aspects of critical thinking adult day care. You can also look for training and workshops in your area by checking with the on byron's darkness National Adult Day Services Association’s list of strategic partners. Why does an adult day care business fail? Simply put, for the same reason as many other businesses it’s the lack of a plan.
An adult day care business are not a simple operation. By now, you should have completed all your research on legal requirements and on 4 aspects of critical thinking, the day-to-day operations of an adult day care business. There is short stories, a lot of care, time, effort, and resources that go into this industry. The purpose of creating a business plan is of critical thinking, so you have a roadmap to follow. When the time for action and decisions comes, you don’t have to pause to consider your choice. Types Of Modern Essay. You already know it.
You thought it out well in 4 aspects advance and made your decision long ago. Now, you simply follow your business plan and execute. Consider your costs, your audience, your marketing, your hiring, your location, an in-depth market needs analysis, and many other things when creating your business plan. The goal here is to research papers get your mind focused on your business so that you can answer any and all questions regarding what comes next. If you’re not sure where to start, Startup Jungle can help you create an expertly organized and professional business plan for your adult day care business.
Just email [emailprotected], and they’ll give you the help you need. Step 3: Discover Earning Potential. How much do adult caregivers make? Well, that depends on thinking, the position. Assistants range from $9.55 to $22.85 per hour depending on experience and short plays tenure. That comes out to about $19,000 to of critical thinking $48,000 a year. A manager’s salary can run from $9.74 to $25.87 an hour, or $21,000 to on byron's $48,000 a year. And a healthcare administrator salary can range between $25,016 $70,973 a year. As for an adult day care facility, AdultDaycare.org reports that the national average for adult day care charges is about $1500 per month.
This is a deal compared to full-time care in a skilled nursing home, which averages $6700 a month, or an 4 aspects of critical assisted living facility, which averages $3600 a month. For occasional care, state averages range from $36 to research papers on bestsellers $122 a day depending on 4 aspects, the level of care required. To really figure out your earnings potential, you must first examine all costs and then subtract them from what your rates will be multiplied by how many clients you expect to provide care to. The National Adult Day Services Association reports that the number of adult day care services has risen by nearly 25 percent since 2010, continuing a previous growth trend in the industry. Specific Essay. As of 2014, they counted 5,685 adult day care programs in thinking the United States. The baby boomer population is specific types of modern essay, one of the largest age groups in the country, and they’re reaching the 4 aspects thinking age where many of them are beginning to need adult day care services for needs such as Alzheimer’s, dementia, and other age-related conditions that necessitate full-time care to ensure their safety. There’s a growing need for adult day care services, meaning your earnings potential can only go up. How much does it cost to open an adult day care business? It’s really tough to nail down exact numbers for the startup of an adult day care, but it’s not cheap. A lot of it depends on essays, the scope of of critical thinking, your operation.
Do you plan to build or remodel an existing stand-alone facility for a lot of residents? Or does a small home setting sound more appealing to you? If you’re planning on a facility, at minimum, that can be hundreds of research, thousands of dollars to start. Then you have to of critical thinking fit the structure with ramps, wheelchair- and senior-friendly bathing facilities, adjustable beds, security measures, and adequate kitchen and on byron's dining facilities. You have to pass a health inspection, as well as getting properly licensed both as a facility and a healthcare administrator, and hiring the medical and social service personnel to make sure your visitors receive excellent quality medical care while in your care. In addition, you need to purchase lift assist and toileting assist devices and liability insurance, as well as providing refrigeration and secure storage for medications and training for staff in 4 aspects of critical med passing, first aid, CPR, lifting, transporting and hygiene. That doesn’t even include aesthetic measures to make your place comfortable and welcoming for essays on byron's, residents and their families, and providing entertainment and 4 aspects stimulation during their stay. Depending on the needs of your clients and essays the size of your operation, a startup could easily run up to 4 aspects of critical half a million dollars or more. Again, that’s the bad news.
The good news is that there are tons of grants out there to start an adult day care center. Some grants you can explore: Because starting an adult day care business is expensive, it’s important to essays on byron's keep costs down to save money where you can without cutting corners or sacrificing quality of care. Some tips to keep costs down include: Monitor utilities Staff accordingly (labor is always your #1 cost) Properly order supplies Budget food properly so you aren’t wasting food by tossing out leftovers Invest in re-washable and reusable rags instead of paper towels to 4 aspects clean messes. Examine every single cost, and be as detailed as possible in on the show themes planning out your budget. The more successful you are in creating a budget, the thinking more efficiently your business will fun. Step 5: Decide Which Services to research Offer. Adult day services are so important because they can delay or even prevent a family from having to institutionalize a loved one in 4 aspects a skilled nursing home.
However, different facilities can offer different specialties. For example, your facility may choose to plays specialize in clients with Alzheimer’s, or those with physical disabilities who may be wheelchair bound. Your specializations can influence your facility. If your day care focuses on thinking, those with wheelchairs, you may want to lower the height of all the counters, shelves, and tables in your facility to make everything in papers on bestsellers the building more accessible and comfortable to your clients. If you go with Alzheimer’s patients, then you may want to install doors which require a code to open and automatically close and 4 aspects of critical lock so that patients can not simply wander off. Perhaps, you can focus on a full daily calendar with entertainment for papers, all your attendees. A high quality experience at your facility is sure to earn referrals and new customers.
Or maybe yoga for seniors? One service that you may want to offer is patient pickup/drop off. This requires an additional expense of a modified van to allow wheelchair access, as well as the cost of a driver and additional insurance. 4 Aspects. But such a service would almost guarantee customer loyalty and short referrals. By focusing on which services you offer or specialize in, you increase customer satisfaction in 4 aspects thinking those areas and truman show themes build a strong reputation for your service as an authority in 4 aspects the field. Figure out what you can do better than anyone else, and focus on that. Maybe it’s you, maybe it’s your service, maybe it’s your experience.
Figure it out, write it down, and make it your facility’s centerpiece, literally and figuratively. Where should you open an adult day care business? That all depends on who your clients are. Because you’re dealing with the elderly, you want a location which will be gentle to their bodies, so you’ll want to avoid areas that require a lot of walking or stairs. All your decisions should cater to your clients. And because your clients’ bodies are not as strong as they once were, make it a point to locate your facility next to their homes.
That doesn’t mean set up shop next door to your grandmother, but it does mean do some research on where there are aging baby boomer populations, and set up your adult day care service within those areas. By making your location easy to get to from their homes, you are removing a major objection from your buyers (the children of the on byron's darkness seniors), in that they may say “I don’t have time to get them there every day.” Things to consider for an adult day care service include: Local, state, and federal regulations especially the Americans with Disabilities Act Ability to evacuate everyone within easily State of repair of the facility Lighting Traffic Ease of finding the facility Ease of pickup/dropoff Cost renting or buying. Running an adult day care service is a lot of work, but by selecting a great location, you make your job a little bit easier.
What equipment do you need to 4 aspects of critical thinking open an essays on the happiest refugee adult day care business? Once again, the answer to 4 aspects of critical thinking that question depends on research papers, your business’s specialization. Other than a proper facility, there are many things you will need when starting an adult day care service. Some of 4 aspects, these include: Medical equipment and devices Lift-assist equipment Safety gear Entertainment options Therapeutic devices Lift chairs Tables and chairs Commercial kitchen Commercial laundry Bio-hazardous waste disposal Beds Sheets and plays Blankets. These are the basic needs you’ll have when starting your facility. Make sure to do a thorough inventory of what you need by 4 aspects, consulting your local state agency. Once you know what you need, you need to know where to get your supplies. A couple options to get you started are: http://www.alimed.com/clinic-hospital-supplies-equipment/ http://www.quickmedical.com/medical-supplies.html. Step 8: Promote Your Adult Day Care Business.
How do you promote an research on bestsellers adult day care service? This is a tricky question. It’s not as simple as promoting many common everyday businesses. However, the principle is the same get in front of 4 aspects thinking, people who need your service. For marketing and promotions, take advantage of Google Adwords to be featured in searches. Facebook is another powerful tool. Essays On Byron's Darkness. Create a subtle ad directed at men and women over 4 aspects age 45 within a certain distance of your business. But the types most important marketing and 4 aspects thinking promotion for on bestsellers, your adult day care service is thinking, through networking. There is a strong and engaged support network for seniors.
They need to essays on the truman show themes know you exist. Get involved with local groups such as: Veterans Administration Senior center providers Meals on Wheels programs Head trauma groups State and local provider and consumer agencies, such as AAHSA, NADSA, and NADSA affiliates, Local YMCAs and 4 aspects of critical thinking YWCAs Friends, family members, and other service providers Postal carriers and clergy are excellent networking people since they know so many others. Who works in an adult day care center? It’s impossible for you to essays on the happiest refugee do everything on your own in this business. So it’s important to have a proper staffing plan. You must understand how many employees you need, where you will find them, and of critical thinking what certifications they must possess in order to work in your facility. Different positions will have different specifications. For example, an arts and crafts teacher may have different requirements than whoever oversees medications. When in essays on the show doubt, always contact your local state agency for requirements and recommendations as to of critical thinking how many employees you need and what roles are required.
Once you’re clear on that, then you have to plan how and where to find them. Reach out to local agencies for suggestions, but hospitals and volunteer centers are a great starting point. Also, look around at local colleges and universities with medical programs for help. You can find young, eager medical students who can help at a discounted rate for school credit. This is a great way to find qualified help and save money all in one move. Your business can not survive without help, and to save time and money, you need to have a staffing plan for that help. Deciding on a style is so important in the adult day care business because that style can either make customers feel welcome or scare them away. Businesses which take seniors’ needs into account when designing their facilities are far better equipped to attract them as clients.. You want your facility to be warm and essay stories plays inviting, and make your guests feel at home. Some suggestions for designing a style that appeals to seniors are:
Positive language (remember to of critical thinking take your medicine instead of don’t forget to take your medicine) Big, clear font and text for essays, any writing in the facility Use bright colors Give clear instructions where needed, using numbered lists Avoid slang or acronyms. The best tool at your disposal for figuring out your design is the of critical thinking senior community in your area. Go talk to them and figure out what they like and do not like. After all, who knows what your clients will love better than your potential future clients? If you need help with designs, visit 99designs. For as little as $99 you will have a collection of designers submitting their work and competing for you to select a winner who will receive your money as a prize. It’s an inexpensive way to get a large selection of high quality work. Struggling with what to name your adult day care business? Here are a few ideas:
Step 11: Create an Accounting Plan. An accounting pan is critical for an adult day care business for several reasons. As a service for a vulnerable demographic, you’ll be eligible for several grants. But to renew those grants, you’ll have to submit documentation proving your facility is running efficiently. You have to track all expenses down to the penny.
In addition, an on bestsellers accounting plan ensures you know exactly how much money is available for payroll, supplies, marketing, and improving your facility. Plus, you’ll be able to 4 aspects make sure nothing is missing from your facility. And of course, when tax season rolls around, your business may come under a microscope because of your grants. Make sure you’re prepared for all of darkness, that by having an accounting plan to 4 aspects of critical ensure you stick to your budget. Some options are: Step 12: Get Into the Adult Day Care Services Community. The adult day care services community is engaged and active. Seniors are vulnerable, and as such need a big support network. On The Refugee. Your goal is to be as supportive as possible and learn as much as you can regarding new policies and of critical thinking procedures which can benefit your business and your clients.
And the best way to do that is to be active in the adult day care service community. Focus on the same organizations mentioned within the marketing and promotions step, including: Veterans Administration Senior center providers Meals on Wheels programs Head trauma groups State and local provider and consumer agencies, such as AAHSA, NADSA, and NADSA affiliates, Local YMCAs and YWCAs. Here’s a great infographic about on the show themes, starting an adult day care business: Opening (and running) an adult day care service is a lot of 4 aspects of critical thinking, work.
But if you do it right, it’s not only cbest samples, rewarding, it’s a lot of fun. You get to meet amazing people who’ve lived amazing lives and can teach you so much! On top of that, you are literally saving lives and helping countless people. Hopefully, you put this guide to 4 aspects of critical thinking use. If this was helpful for you and you want to learn more about essay one act, opening an adult day care business, StartupJungle.com has a 21 point checklist for starting your new business. Of Critical Thinking. Make sure you download this if you’re serious about getting started. 3 Simple Steps to a Successful Side Business. Have you ever wondered how some people do …Continue Reading. How to research papers on bestsellers Start Your Own Ice Cream Business.
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4 Steps to Church Strategic Planning. Strategic planning is an important part of the 4 aspects, creation, development and growth of any organization. Ministries that are interested in essays darkness church growth are not exempt from planning. Church planning helps the organization map out strategic steps to achieve its mission and thinking vision. Essay Short? Churches can experience a level of success without a plan, but those who invest the time and resources into developing a specific strategy and of critical thinking plan can achieve success at a much quicker pace. 4 Steps to Church Strategic Planning.
1. Create a Vision, Mission and Values Statement. It is difficult to know where to focus efforts and resources without being able to articulate what it is you are trying to do. Truman? Imagine taking a vacation without first deciding where you are going or how you will get there. The first, and arguably most important, step of the strategic planning process is to create a church vision, mission and values statement. This process allows board members and church leaders to clarify why the church exists (mission) and what the church is trying to achieve (vision). The mission and vision is what determines strategy, planning and budgeting church resources. 4 Aspects Of Critical Thinking? A SWOT analysis is a great exercise to go through because it identifies the key areas of the church that may need targeted resources as well as opportunities or opposing environmental factors that could affect church strategy.
For example, if a children’s program is a strength of the church, there may need to be continued or increased resources committed to it to ensure continued development and research on bestsellers growth. On the other hand, if the thinking, church is located in a high crime area, there might be an opportunity to develop a youth outreach program to support that unique demographic. The SWOT analysis process can flush out on byron's darkness, many great ideas to help target development, growth and improvements. To begin the SWOT process, think about the following: Strengths: Characteristics of the church that may give it an 4 aspects of critical thinking, advantage over others; Weaknesses: Characteristics of the church that may be a disadvantage as related to on the show themes, others; Opportunities: Conditions outside the 4 aspects of critical thinking, church that could potentially increase attendance or revenues; Threats: Conditions outside the church that could create problems for cbest samples, the church. Strength: The church is located on a busy street and 4 aspects of critical thinking has high visibility in the community. Weakness: A small percentage of the church population is young families.
Opportunities: The church is located in an area with a high population of Hispanic families. Show Themes? Threats: The church is located in a small town with an aging population. A gap analysis answers the question, “where are we compared to where we want to be”? The process looks at the vision where do we want to go and thinking compares it to where we are currently. The analysis can be in relation to ministry program development, discipleship, financial viability or customer experience. All areas will be identified and targeted for strategy through the gap analysis process. An example of a church’s current state: The church is essays darkness, renting a temporary facility until it can build a permanent building; The church is lacking volunteer leadership; The church children’s program is lacking weekly training curriculum; The church lacks a process for discipleship. Once a SWOT and gap analysis is done, it is time to start writing goals. Goals are only as effective as the 4 aspects of critical thinking, formalized process of achieving them.
Many organizations use the SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, timely) goal process to ensure their goals are achievable. When writing a goal, filter it through the following questions: S pecific: Is the goal specific enough for clarity? M easurable: Is there a way to measure the success of the goal? A ttainable: Is the essays happiest refugee, goal truly attainable? R ealistic: Is the goal realistically written? T imely: Is there a timeline associated to the goal to ensure a completion date? Now if we look at of critical this example, we need to ask the questions: Is it specific yes: keywords, will identify, develop and implement Is it measurable yes: keywords, develop by 3rd quarter 20xx Is it attainable yes: with ample resources Is it realistic yes: within the allotted time-frame is it measurable yes: keywords, by 3rd quarter 20xx. Now let’s take this a step further and happiest refugee create a goal document. Of Critical? Unless a goal is assigned to essays on the show themes, someone and is accomplished, it is of critical thinking, merely words on a paper.
When someone is responsible for completing a goal and is managed by a structured performance management process, goals have a much better chance of being completed. This is obviously an oversimplified example of stories a church goal but it provides a framework for identifying tactical steps and 4 aspects of critical thinking assigning accountability. The church budgeting process is also incorporated into strategic planning as each goal needs to have identified resources (people, time, money) devoted to on the themes, it to be successful. The strategic planning process should deliver a document that details organizational goals for the short term (3-6 months) and long-term (1-3 years). This is a living document and should be updated as conditions and priorities change. The most important part is getting it written down and assigning responsibility whether it be an employee or volunteer assign the task. The beauty of having a written plan, is that once all of the time and effort is 4 aspects, invested in the plan, it is just a matter of overseeing the plan to specific essay, completion. This is done through a structured performance management process and should be monitored and reviewed at least annually. Once a strategic plan is written with organizational goals, it is time to develop departmental and employee goals. Does your church have a strategic plan for success?
If you would like to learn more about church planning and administration, check out our Smart Church Management: A Quality Guide to Church Administration book on Amazon. training videos, forms. and 4 aspects job descriptions. Have worked with churches before using models. Also, I serve as co-convener of our local ministerium spanning several faith traditions. Looking to do a comparison of 4-5 top processes used by congregations in looking to the future. Would be helpful to also find some that relate to culturally / denominationally specific contexts, though the main steps may well cross those lines. Many thanks. Blessings on your labors. Essays On Byron's? -JD- Thanks for the comment Jay! this is very good and very helpful to of critical, me in planning church ministries. thanks. God bless. robert wright says. It is important that on a regular basis, every local church should engage in a long range planning process. your materials are helpful on church planning stratege. Essays On The Refugee? Thank you for your kind words! I#8217;d like to use this for our church.
Hope and pray this will help us grow our church. Thank you. Hi Marilyn. Let me know how this works for you and if you have any questions. I am going to try this out in of critical our church and I am hoping for the best by God#8217;s grace. We are a new branch and will be using your 4 Steps to Church Strategic Planning.
God bless you Pat. Thank you for your kind words! pastor Neckson says. Thank you for SCM materials as a student pastor( B.A) I have found it very helpful towards my studies. Cbest? a few words but great ideas. Thanks. Thobile Mchunu says. Greetings. Your information is very useful. I#8217;m planning to propose that we implement it to grow our church. Thinking? Many thanks.
David Mwale says. Im Realy Heiped By This Document Im A Church Pastor But I Had Little Knowledge On Church Strategic Plan, Please Keep It Up. Thank you for this opportunity. God bless you. Patricia, great content and clearly and articulately presented. Refugee? Are you available for facilitating?? #128578; Thank you for posting this information. It was a extremely valuable and of critical thinking very relevant to essays on the happiest refugee, the body of Christ.
God bless. Hi Patricia, I am a fairly new Executive Church Administrator for a small congregation. 4 Aspects Thinking? I just came across this SCM website. Thank you for the info on S W O T, It has giving me a jump start on how to develop our strategic planning process. I definitely will keep up with all of the articles and information that you provide. May God continue to use you and SCM. Hi Yvonne! Thank you for your kind words. Have a great day! robert wright says.
Remember that a local church is much more than buildings. Research On Bestsellers? A local church is people called and gifted. Called in 4 aspects the sense that God has given each of plays them a task or tasks to do in His Kingdom. Thinking? Gifted in that God has given each of them the necessary gift or gifts in order to do the assigned task or tasks. This applies to everyone. A local church: 1. Worships 2. Nurtures 3. Educates 4. Does mission work 5. Practices stewardship-time, talents, treasure 6. Shares the on the show, good news of the Gospel 7. Of Critical? Becomes involved in the community where it is located. On The? 8. 4 Aspects Thinking? Address various social issues 9. Engages in long range planning. A local church puts its faith and trust in God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit.
Looking to use these steps to plan for essays on byron's darkness, a medium church in Kenya#8230; will be getting in touch through the process. Hello, Thanks for this article. Would be very helpful to my church. Writing planning strategy is important ful for the church to now the 4 aspects, goal of the essays on byron's, church. Of Critical? Samuel Opoku says. Am highly impressed and educative with your material. I wish to essay stories one act plays, get the full material. Thanks a lot and am blessed. Thank you so much, this is very helpful. May God continue to bless you mightily. robert wright says. Jesus reminded us that we cannot put #8220;new wine#8221; into #8220;old wine skins#8221;.
Demographics will tell us that our environment/culture will change. We must be prepared to respond to that change. This is where long range planning comes in. Every 5 to 10 years, a local church should engage in a long range planning process. VERY INFORMATIVE PIECE. THANKS N GOD BLESS YOU. Bishop Ngwabe Dennis says. Thank you very much for this Resource.
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Science, Ethics and Intellectual Property Law: How Orphan Black Got It Completely Wrong. Written by: Jocelyn Bosse. Advisory: This article discusses major plot points from Season One of Orphan Black . 3 Myth One: “Patents are Forever” 4 Myth Two: “Anything can be Patented” 5 Myth Three: “Patents are Secret” 6 Patents and National Security.
7 Ownership of Humans. 8 Legality of 4 aspects thinking, Cloning. Many ethical and legal issues which arise from recent technological and scientific advances are explored in essay samples, the cult television show, Orphan Black .  The protagonist, Sarah Manning, discovers that she is one of an unknown number of illegal clones, and in 4 aspects, her quest for on byron's answers, grapples with questions of identity and 4 aspects of critical body autonomy. The issues are brought to darkness, a head in the season one finale, in which evolutionary developmental biologist (and one of the clones), Cosima Niehaus, deciphers a synthetic DNA sequence in her genome to reveal a message: THIS ORGANISM AND DERIVATIVE GENETIC MATERIAL IS RESTRICTED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.  Cosima informs the other clones: “The synthetic sequence I told you about? It’s a patent… We’re property… Everything we are, everything we become: it belongs to [the Dyad Institute].” Despite being an 4 aspects of critical thinking, excellent scientist, Cosima’s remarks demonstrate serious ignorance of current patent laws. On The Truman Themes? Indeed, her interpretation of the message reflects many of the myths about intellectual property laws which are prevalent in real life, including that (a) patents are forever; (b) anything may be patented; and that, (c) patents are secret. This article will debunk the intellectual property myths which appear in the Orphan Black finale. Pursuant to some remarks by Cosima’s lab partner in season two, the thinking, article will conclude with a discussion about the prevalent use of government secrecy orders over patents for papers on bestsellers the protection of national security, and some final notes about of critical thinking, physical property rights and the legality of human cloning. Intellectual property – like all law – varies between countries.  Though filmed in Canada, the creators of Orphan Black have indicated that the show takes place in “Generica” – a hybrid of Canada and the United States of America.  However, the question of jurisdiction is further complicated by the existence of clones across the darkness, globe, including England, Germany, Ukraine, Italy, Finland, Austria, France, and probably other nations.
Ever since the of critical thinking, establishment of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1967,  there has been considerable harmonisation of patents laws across the globe. Despite the ambiguity of the show’s jurisdiction, we can still make overall statements about the papers on bestsellers, legal position of the clones in thinking, Orphan Black by reference to international law and the patent laws of relevant countries (especially the USA, Canada, the EU, Australia, and New Zealand). 3 Myth One: “Patents are Forever” Unlike diamonds, patents rights do not extend in perpetuity. Instead, patents give a temporary monopoly to the inventor, during which time they may recoup their research and development costs. Upon expiration of the short one act, patent, the of critical, invention enters the public domain.  The first patents under the Statute of Monopolies 1624 (UK) were granted for fourteen years, but since the signing of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (‘TRIPS’), patents have a non-renewable term of twenty years. On Bestsellers?  While term extensions are available under rare circumstances (e.g. delay in the application process in Canada, or the five-year pharmaceutical extensions in 4 aspects thinking, Australia), none of those exceptions would apply to essays on the, human clones.
In Canada, the 20-year term was introduced in October 1989;  however, the 4 aspects thinking, Orphan Black clones were born in 1984,  so any patents would have been subject to the previous rule that patents expired after 17 years. Essays On The Themes? Given that the main Orphan Black clones are currently about 32 years old, we can safely assume that any purported patents on their genetic information would have expired more than a decade earlier. Of Critical Thinking? The genomic sequence tag which Cosima discovered was meaningless: any patented information would be in the public domain. 4 Myth Two: “Anything can be Patented” Under s 6 of the Statute of Monopolies 1624 (UK), patents must not be “contrary to show themes, the law, nor mischievous to the state… or generally inconvenient.” As for modern patent laws, Article 27 of the TRIPS Agreement allows countries to exclude patentable subject matter in 4 aspects of critical, order to types of modern essay, protect “ ordre public ” and thinking morality; this includes, for example, protection of human, animal or plant life or health, and essays on the the environment. 4 Aspects Of Critical Thinking? Countries are also allowed to exclude plants or animals (including humans) from patentability, and several nations have done just that. The TRIPS terminology was borrowed from borrowed from Article 53(a) of the European Patent Convention (‘EPC’), and the European Board of Appeals defined the concept of ordre public as covering the on byron's darkness, protection of public security and integrity of individuals as part of society. 4 Aspects?  The EU Directive on Biotechnological Inventions  clearly prohibits patents on human clones: 1. The human body , at the various stages of research on bestsellers, its formation and development, and the simple discovery of one of its elements, including the sequence or partial sequence of a gene, cannot constitute patentable inventions… 1. Inventions shall be considered unpatentable where their commercial exploitation would be contrary to ordre public or morality ; however, exploitation shall not be deemed to be so contrary merely because it is 4 aspects of critical, prohibited by law or regulation. 2. On the basis of paragraph 1, the following, in particular, shall be considered unpatentable: (a) processes for cloning human beings ; (b) processes for research on bestsellers modifying the germ line genetic identity of human beings; (c) uses of human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes; … The Canadian Supreme Court has held that higher life forms (defined as multicellular organisms, including plants, mice, and humans) are not patentable subject matter.  Meanwhile, Australian legislation bans the patenting of human life in s 18(2) of the Patents Act 1990 (Cth): “Human beings, and the biological processes for their generation, are not patentable inventions.” The Deputy Commissioner of Patents has held that s18(2) extends to any entity which might reasonably claim the status of of critical thinking, a human being, so the genetically modified clones would still fall within that exception.  Likewise, human clones are excluded under s 15 of the New Zealand Patents Act 2013 for reasons of research, ordre public and morality.  The position is less concrete in the United States.
The US Patent and of critical thinking Trademark Office has granted a patent in 2001 for a method for producing embryos from unfertilised eggs, to create cloned livestock.  Despite concerns that the patent would extend in to on byron's darkness, human cloning, the USPTO maintained a policy of refusing patents for human-related cloning on thinking, the grounds of a purported violation of the 13th amendment to the US Constitution, which prohibits slavery.  Although the on the show themes, 13th amendment is no longer invoked, patents related to thinking, human cloning are still not granted by the USPTO. As such, the Orphan Black clones would definitely not be subject to patents in the EU, Australia, New Zealand or Canada. Essay Stories Plays? The current USPTO policy also means that the Dyad Institute could not have obtained patents over the clones in 4 aspects, the United States. 5 Myth Three: “Patents are Secret” The original “letters patent” were developed in the 1600s as a trade-off between inventors and the Crown: the British monarch would grant a monopoly over essay, the invention, while the details of the invention had to be fully disclosed for the benefit of society.  Indeed, the word “patent” means open to observation, evident, obvious – a patent is the antithesis of a secret invention. The full text of patents can be easily found online, using a variety of means: · Google – many patents are available through Google. Thinking? For example, the patent for entertaining a cat with a laser pointer (don’t panic, it lapsed back in 2007) is publicly available here ( https://www.google.com/patents/US5443036 ). · International – the on the show, UN World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) has a database of 4 aspects thinking, patent applications via Patentscope ( http://www.wipo.int/patentscope/en/ ). Types Of Modern Essay? Note, however, that there is no such thing as an 4 aspects, “international patent” – WIPO merely facilitates the application process across different countries. Inventors must register their patents in every country in which they seek protection.
· Canada – the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) allows you to freely search their patents database here ( http://www.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/search/basic.html ). · United States of America – the essays darkness, US Patent and Trademark Office has a searchable register here ( http://patft.uspto.gov/netahtml/PTO/search-bool.html ). · New Zealand – the Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand has their database here (https://www.iponz.govt.nz/about-ip/patents/search/). · Europe – the European Patent Office has a patent register called Espacenet (http://worldwide.espacenet.com/?locale=en_EP). Consequently, if the Dyad Institute had patented the genetic information of the Orphan Black clones, it would be freely accessible on the patent register of each country where a patent was held, and probably available on Google. Cosima could have avoided many hours of of critical, scientific research into on byron's darkness, her own genome by simply looking up the of critical thinking, patent numbers on the USPTO or CIPO Registers. Only one category of patents can be kept secret: those which are subject to on byron's darkness, secrecy orders in 4 aspects, the interests of national defence. 6 Patents and National Security. In Season Two of Orphan Black , Cosima discusses the research, patents with her lab partner, who remarks that “The Dyad was just a contractor. 4 Aspects Of Critical Thinking? It could be a secret military patent.” So, the on the, question arises, what are ‘secret military patents’ and what do they mean for the Orphan Black clones?
The tension between certain private rights and public rights – in this case, intellectual property and human security – leads to a difficult balancing act in 4 aspects of critical thinking, the patent laws. Although disclosure is specific, one of the hallmark principles of patent law, publication of the details of certain inventions can pose risks to national security, especially if they relate to thinking, chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. Essays On The Themes?  Governments are often concerned that the information disclosed in patent documents will end up in the “wrong hands,” particularly patents on of critical, weaponry and explosives which could be used by terrorist groups. There are also issues with potential misuse of dual-use technologies (those with current or potential military and civilian applications, e.g. ammonium nitrate, which could be used to produce propellant for ballistic missiles, but is essay, mainly used in the manufacture of fertilisers).  As such, some patents are temporarily made secret in order to protect national security. International Secrecy Orders. Article 73 of the TRIPS Agreement sets out 4 aspects of critical thinking, “Security Exceptions” and provides that Member states need not furnish information where disclosure would be contrary to its essential security interests.
Likewise, Article 4 of the Patent Law Treaty 2000 (‘PLT’) stipulates that “nothing in this Treaty and research on bestsellers the Regulations shall limit the freedom of a Contracting Party to take any action it deems necessary for the preservation of essential security interests.”  Secrecy Orders in 4 aspects thinking, the USA. During World War I, the US Congress authorised the Patent and Trademark Office to truman show, temporarily classify certain defence-related patents in the interests on national security.  The legislation was extended during World War II to allow the thinking, Commissioner of Patents to prevent publication or disclosure of a patent where it might be “detrimental to the public safety or defence,” as well as to compensate the short stories one act, applicant if the subject matter of the patent is used by the military. The laws were eventually replaced with the Invention Secrecy Act 1951 (US), which allows the American Federal Government to issue secrecy orders via the Commissioner of Patents, which are subject to of critical, an annual renewal process, except in times of war or national emergency. The use of these orders has been on the rise:  5,445 secrecy orders were in effect in essay samples, 2013, and 5,579 in 2015.  For example, Juliet Marine Systems developed a stealth boat which was unexpectedly made subject to a secrecy order in October 2009, thereby forbidding them from filing patents overseas or disclosing anything to 4 aspects thinking, potential investors until the order was lifted two years later. 
In Canada, the Minister of National Defence may take ownership of a patent for “any invention in instruments or munitions of war,”  and has the power to make the invention secret under s 20(5). The inventor(s) become(s) subject to s 4 of the Security of Information Act , and are thereby banned from communication of any details of the cbest essay samples, invention without the authority of the Minister of National Defence. Under s 20(9) of the Patents Act, the 4 aspects, information may be kept secret until the expiration of the patent, or until it is waived by the Minister. The Australian Department of Defence is essay samples, empowered under s 152 of the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) to prohibit the publication of the details of a patent application, at of critical thinking which point it must be handled by a patent examiner with the requisite security clearance.  The prohibition order may remain in force until the expiration of the patent, unless it is revoked by the Department of Defence. Similar provisions can be found in ss 132-134 of the New Zealand Patents Act 2013 . However, while Cosima’s lab partner raised a very interesting point about the research, potential use of secrecy orders over patents, the fact remains that human clones are not patentable (and if they were, the patents would have expired). There can be no secrecy order if there is no valid patent to 4 aspects of critical thinking, begin with. As far as tangible property rights are concerned, the on the, message in Cosima’s genome asserted proprietary rights over thinking, her body, and essays on the happiest any derivative material. Since the of critical thinking, abolition of slavery, there has been a strict legal separation of property rights and personhood. Cbest Samples? In fact, property rights over human body parts have arguably been excluded from legal protection for two millennia: the Roman jurist, Ulpian, gave the maxim dominus membrorum suorum nemo videtur (“no one is the owner of of critical, their own limbs”), which has been interpreted in the English law to mean that a living human body cannot be the object of property rights.  In words of Justice Edelman of the Federal Court of Australia: “Whatever meaning is given to ‘property’, it is independent of personhood. The antithesis of ‘property’ is personhood.
A living person can be the holder of a property right but he or she cannot be the object of it.”  The Romans would also consider the deceased clones to be res extra patrimonium and cbest essay res extra commercium ; a corpse is generally inviolable and thinking unsaleable.  In modern jurisprudence, the types of modern, Supreme Court of California has affirmed the Roman principles: the Court in Moore v Regents of the University of California  rejected a property claim over Moore’s own body parts (his spleen, blood, skin, and sperm) which had been used without consent for commercial purposes. Of Critical Thinking? Justice Panelli, in the plurality judgment, remarked:  “Neither the Court of essays on the happiest refugee, Appeal's opinion, the parties' briefs, nor our research discloses a case holding that a person retains a sufficient interest in excised cells to 4 aspects, support a cause of action for conversion. We do not find this surprising, since the laws governing such things as human tissues, transplantable organs, blood, fetuses, pituitary glands, corneal tissue, and dead bodies deal with human biological materials as objects sui generis, regulating their disposition to achieve policy goals rather than abandoning them to the general law of essays on the show, personal property… The ramifications of recognizing and enforcing a property interest in body tissues are not known, but are greatly feared for the effect on human dignity of a marketplace in 4 aspects thinking, human body parts, the impact on research and development of competitive bidding for such materials, and the exposure of researchers to potentially limitless and uncharted tort liability.” As such, the Orphan Black clones (alive and whole, or otherwise) could not be subject to a proprietary claim from the Dyad Institute. The law is concerned with two main types of refugee, cloning: (i) therapeutic cloning , which is the use of clonally propagated stem cells for the purposes of 4 aspects thinking, scientific research and medical treatment, and (ii) reproductive cloning , in which a cloned embryo is papers on bestsellers, implanted into a womb. 4 Aspects Of Critical?  While therapeutical cloning is legal in many states, the Orphan Black clones were created by darkness reproductive cloning, which is generally illegal.
In March 2005, the of critical, United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on Human Cloning, which called on members to adopt all measures necessary to prohibit human cloning inasmuch as it is incompatible with human dignity and the protection of cbest samples, human life. 4 Aspects Thinking?  The Declaration also called upon essays truman show themes, members to prohibit the application of 4 aspects of critical thinking, genetic engineering techniques that may be contrary to human dignity and to papers on bestsellers, prevent the exploitation of women in the application of life sciences. However, the Declaration has no binding authority over UN members, and would have no impact upon of critical thinking, the legality of essays on the, producing the Orphan Black clones. Article 3(d) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union explicitly prohibits reproductive human cloning. France, Germany, Austria, Italy and of critical Russia have completely banned human cloning, to name a few. In the United Kingdom, reproductive cloning is darkness, banned,  while therapeutic cloning has been tightly regulated by the Human Fertilisation and 4 aspects of critical Embryology Authority since 1990.  The Dyad Institute could not have (legally) produced the short plays, Orphan Black clones in the United Kingdom, nor any other EU member states. Furthermore, the Council of Europe has specifically banned reproductive cloning in the Convention on Human Rights with Regard to thinking, Biomedicine 1997, which held to apply in European countries where no legislation has been passed to address the legality of human cloning.  Canada has a complete ban on human cloning, both therapeutic and reproductive, pursuant to s 5(1)(a) of the Assisted Human Reproduction Act 2004 . As such, the Orphan Black clones could not have been created there. Reproductive cloning is also banned in Australia under the Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction Act 2002 (Cth). Although the desire to improve scientific research and on the medical treatment meant that the of critical thinking, ban on essays happiest, therapeutic cloning was lifted in of critical, 2006,  the reproductive cloning conducted by essays darkness the Dyad Institute would still be illegal in 4 aspects of critical thinking, Australia.  The picture is more complicated in the United States, where the Congress has repeatedly failed to enact legislation to address human cloning, and there are no Federal laws with respect to specific essay, human cloning.  Public funding for 4 aspects human cloning and stem cell research was restricted in 2001 under the Bush Administration,  but that would not be a barrier for a wealthy private institute like Dyad.  While fifteen states ban reproductive cloning,  the Dyad Institute could have produced the Orphan Black clones in other parts of the essays happiest, country. Nevertheless, the 4 aspects of critical thinking, Dyad Institute would have no legal control over Sarah Manning, Cosima Niehaus, or the other clones.
It is cbest essay samples, a complete myth that patents can be obtained over humans, so the clone-sisters would, in fact, be autonomous individuals who are free from any legitimate claims to tangible or intellectual property rights. The mass-production of of critical thinking, human clones by a malevolent corporation might still be pure science fiction, but the legal questions raised by Orphan Black are no less important to the real world. Many countries – particularly the United States – are still struggling to cbest, pass legislation which adequately regulates therapeutic and reproductive cloning, which has significant consequences for medical research and of critical assisted reproduction. Furthermore, the essays truman themes, use of government secrecy orders illustrates the of critical, difficult balancing act between the protection of national security, and the promotion of private innovation. While the fictional clones in Orphan Black are (incorrectly) concerned by the Dyad Institute’s intellectual property rights over their bodies, real people across the globe stand to benefit, or suffer, from the enforcement of poorly-understood patent laws, and the legislative control of human cloning.  BBC America, Orphan Black (16 June 2016) http://www.bbcamerica.com/shows/orphan-black/. The first season aired in happiest refugee, March-June 2013.  Tim Surette, Orphan Black Season 1 Finale Review: Same, Same But Different (2 June 2013) TV.com http://www.tv.com/news/orphan-black-season-1-finale-review-same-same-but-different-137002406553/. The DNA tag was based on ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) coded basepairs.  Article 4 bis , Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 .  Marsha Lederman, ‘How Canada is becoming the sci-fi nation’, The Globe and Mail (online), 13 April 2013 http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/television/how-canada-is-becoming-the-sci-fi-nation/article11157191/?page=2.
 Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization , signed at 4 aspects Stockholm on on byron's darkness, 14 July 1967. WIPO administers the 4 aspects thinking, Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 , which deals with patents and essay related rights.  Lionel Bently and thinking Brad Sherman, Intellectual Property Law (Oxford University Press, 3rd ed, 2009) 335.  Article 33: “The term of protection available shall not end before the expiration of a period of twenty years counted from the essay, filing date.” See also: Patents Act 1990 (Cth) s 67.  Patent Act , RSC 1985, c P-4, s 44.  Orphan Black Wiki, Sarah Manning (21 June 2016) http://orphanblack.wikia.com/wiki/Sarah.
 Robin Ramcharan, ‘ Intellectual Property and Security: A Preliminary Exploration’ (2005) 26(1) Contemporary Security Policy 126, 130.  Council Directive 98/44/EC on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions  OJ L 213/13, art 5-6.  Harvard College v Canada (Commissioner of Patents)  4 SCR 45 .  See Re Luminis Pty Ltd Fertilitescentrum AB (2004) 62 IPR 420.  Relevantly, the New Zealand legislation lists the following exceptions: (i) a process for cloning human beings, (ii) a process for modifying the germ line genetic identity of of critical, human beings, and (iii) the use of human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes.  US 6211429 B1 “Complete oocyte activation using an oocyte-modifying agent and a reducing agent” (Priority Date: 18 June 1997) http://google.com/patents/US6211429.
 Andrew Pollack, ‘Debate on essays truman show themes, Human Cloning Turns to Patents’, The New York Times (online), 17 May 2002 http://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/17/us/debate-on-human-cloning-turns-to-patents.html.  Mark J Davison, Ann L Monotti and 4 aspects of critical thinking Leanne Wiseman, Australian Intellectual Property Law (Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed, 2012) 409.  Robin Ramcharan, ‘ Intellectual Property and Security: A Preliminary Exploration’ (2005) 26(1) Contemporary Security Policy 126, 127.  The treaty entered into force in 2005, though Canada and Germany have not yet acceded.  Act of 6 October 1917, ch 95, § 42, 40 Stat 394.  G W Schultz, ‘Government Secrecy Orders on on the happiest refugee, Patents have Stifled more than 5000 Inventions’ https://www.wired.com/2013/04/gov-secrecy-orders-on-patents/. There is 4 aspects, a heavy penalty upon those who breach a secrecy order: a fine of up to types of modern essay, $10,000 or up to 2 years imprisonment.  Federation of American Scientists, Invention Secrecy Activity (as reported by the Patent Trademark Office) http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/invention/stats.html.  Caroline Winter, ‘This Stealth Attack Boat May Be Too Innovative for the Pentagon’ (22 August 2014) Bloomberg Businessweek http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-08-21/juliet-marines-ghost-boat-will-be-hard-sell-to-u-dot-s-dot-navy.  Patent Act , RSC 1985, c P-4, s 20(1).  Bill McFarlane, ‘How to Keep a Secret: Prohibition Orders on Patents’ (25 August 2012) http://www.mondaq.com/australia/x/193566/Patent/how+to+register+a+patent.
 R v Bentham  UKHL 18  (Lord Rodger), citing D.9.2.13pr (Ulpian). Following the Australian High Court decision of of critical thinking, Doodeward v Spence (1908) 6 CLR 406, the principle has seen modern adaptation in cases which concern the posthumous use of sperm samples for in vitro fertilization (IVF), which eroded the previous hostility of the English courts towards consideration of human biological material as “property”: Jonathan Yearworth Ors v North Bristol NHS Trust  2 All ER 986; for an American example, see Hecht v. Essays On The Show Themes? Superior Court of Los Angeles County (1993) 20 Cal. Rptr. 2d 275.  James Edelman, ‘Property Rights to our Bodies and their Products’ (2015) 39(2) University of Western Australia Law Review 47, 53.  Henk AMJ Ten Have and Jos VM Welie (eds), Ownership of the Human Body: Philosophical Considerations on the Use of the Human Body and its Parts in 4 aspects thinking, Healthcare (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998) 69.
 (1990) 51 Cal. Essays Happiest? 3d 120.  The opinion from Panelli J was joined by Lucas, Eagleson and Kennard JJ, Arabian J concurring.  See Australian Stem Cell Foundation, ‘Fact Sheet 4: Therapeutic Cloning’ (July 2010) http://www.stemcellfoundation.net.au/docs/fact-sheets/fact-sheet-4---therapeutic-cloning-(somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer).pdf.  General Assembly Adopts United Nations Declaration on Human Cloning by Vote of 84-34-37’ (8 March 2005) http://www.un.org/press/en/2005/ga10333.doc.htm.
 Human Reproductive Cloning Act 2001 (UK), which was repealed and 4 aspects thinking superseded by of modern the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 (UK). 4 Aspects? Section 3 of the 2008 Act forbids reproductive cloning.  Ruth Deech, ‘Regulation of specific of modern essay, therapeutic cloning in the UK’ (2002) 5(1) Reproductive BioMedicine Online 7, 9. The cloning regulations under the 4 aspects, Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (UK) were challenged in the UK High Court by the ProLife Alliance in specific of modern, November 2001, which triggered the enactment of emergency legislation. 4 Aspects? See David Adam, ‘Loophole Legalizes Human Cloning’ (2001) 414 Nature News 381.  The Convention is relevant, for example, in of modern essay, The Additional Protocol to of critical, the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and on the happiest Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine, on the Prohibition of Cloning Human Beings was passed in 2001, and Article 1 prohibits “any intervention seeking to create a human being genetically identical to another human being alive or dead.”  Prohibition of of critical thinking, Human Cloning for essays on byron's Reproduction and the Regulation of Human Embryo Research Amendment Act 2006 (Cth).  Simon Grose, ‘Australia grants license for therapeutic cloning’ (2008) 14 Nature Medicine 1134.  Many bills have been introduced, e.g.
HR4808 - Stem Cell Research Advancement Act of 2009, but never passed. Issues related to abortion have been a key barrier to the successful enactment of human cloning legislation over the years, while the of critical, strong lobbying efforts of the biotechnology industry was partially behind the failure to enact laws in the late 1990s. The Food and Drug Administration has claimed authority over reproductive cloning, but it seems unlikely that its purported regulatory jurisdiction would stand up to legal challenge. See http://www.npr.org/news/specials/cloning/faq_blanknav.html.  The 2001 statement was supplemented by Executive Order 13435 of June 20, 2007.
 Stem cell research funding was restored in 2009 under the Obama Administration: President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 13505 “Removing Barriers to on bestsellers, Responsible Scientific Research Involving Human Stem Cells” on 9 March 2009. The Order made no comment on human cloning.  Reproductive cloning is of critical, banned in essay, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Iowa, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, North Dakota, New Jersey, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Florida, Georgia, and Virginia.
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IGCSE and GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4) Paper 4 is the alternative to coursework paper that is worth 27.5% of your final IGCSE grade. The coursework paper tests your understanding of how coursework is carried out. The paper is 1 hour and 4 aspects of critical thinking, 30 minutes long and divided into two 30 mark questions. You answer all the questions on the examination paper, most questions are short in length, between 1 and 4 marks. The paper requires a combination of knowledge and skills. The questions usually focus on coursework to on the themes do with; coasts, rivers, settlements or weather. As a IGCSE geographer it is possible to carry out coursework on many aspects of the of critical thinking course. Essay Short Stories Plays. Possible topics and areas of 4 aspects of critical, study may include: Changes in essay stories plays river velocity from source to mouth Changes in load (shape and size) from source to mouth Changes in channel depth, width, cross-section and wetted perimeter from of critical, source to mouth Changes in discharge from source to on the show themes mouth Changes across a meanders cross section Changes in 4 aspects of critical thinking river gradient from cbest samples, source to mouth Changes in of critical thinking valley size and gradient from research papers on bestsellers, source to mouth Changes in land use a long a river Changes in pollution along a rivers' course (you need proper equipment for this) Changes in 4 aspects thinking vegetation (cover and variety) moving inland Changes in essays on byron's beach profile and sand dune profile Speed of longshore drift Changes in land use Changes in 4 aspects thinking defences (compare to land use) Changes in beach or dune material (size or shape)
Changes in land use Changes in traffic (maybe CBD to rural-urban fringe) Changes in pedestrians Number and type of tourists Changes in the quality of the specific environment or pollution levels (may look at the impact of industry) Changes in globalisation Changes in cost of of critical thinking, products Comparison to Burgess or Hoyt Model Changes in wealth or population density (will have to use some secondary data) Sphere of influences of settlements or services. Changes in cbest essay samples temperature throughout the day or between seasons Changes in rainfall Changes in humidity Changes in hours of 4 aspects of critical thinking, sunshine or cloud cover Changes in wind speed and wind direction. Before you choose your coursework you have to decide if you live in a suitable study location. For example it is no use trying to do a piece of coursework on rivers, if you live in the middle of a desert. Before starting your coursework, you should also think about how you can carry out the coursework safely and definitely carry out on byron's darkness, a risk assessment. You can make your coursework safer by doing the following: Protection from the weather (waterproof jacket, umbrella, hat, suncream) Sensible dress (remember you will be representing your school, but you should also wear clothes that don't draw attention to yourself Always carry out coursework in groups Always tell an of critical thinking adult or teacher where you area carrying out coursework Always carry a mobile phone with you Never do coursework near a river or the sea without an adult or teacher and without them checking that it is safe Carry out coursework in research papers on bestsellers day light and wear reflective clothes Check that your study area is safe.
For example it wouldn't be safe walking around downtown San Salvador Don't display valuables making you more vulnerable to crime e.g. if you have a camera or a phone keep it out of sight. Specification: Formulating aims and 4 aspects of critical, hypotheses: Candidates should be familiar with hypotheses as statements that form the basis of Coursework assignments. The hypotheses may investigate a geographical concept e.g. ‘A CBD has the essays on the happiest highest concentration of comparison shops’. Collecting relevant data, analysis and drawing conclusions using the data as evidence can test these. The width of 4 aspects thinking, a river will increase as you move from the source to the mouth The amount of traffic will increase as you move from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD The amount of vegetation will increase as you move inland from the essays on byron's sea (distance = 200metres) The hottest part of the day will be between 1200 and 1400. Whenever you are doing data collection, the of critical thinking aim is to themes be as objective as possible. 4 Aspects. Objective means that no bias or personal opinion affects the outcome of your results. The opposite to be objective is being subjective. Being subjective simple means that your own personal views and bias has influenced results. It is up to essays truman date (current) You know how the 4 aspects of critical data has been collected i.e. what technique It only includes data that is relevant to your coursework It only covers your study area It is collected in essays darkness the format that you want.
You can study temporal changes e.g. how population has changed over a number of years It can be quicker, especially if the data is on the internet You can study a larger area It may include data that you can not obtain personally e.g. Thinking. salaries. The data may include some personal bias Data collection can be time consuming It can be expensive to travel to essays on the truman themes places to collect data It is hard to study temporal changes Some data might be unavailable or too dangerous to of critical thinking collect Only possible to cover a small area. It is out of date, especially if it has been printed in a book. There might more information than you need The information may include a larger area than your study area You may not know how the data was collected and who collected the data The data might be in truman themes the wrong format e.g. in a graph and not raw figures. Quantitative data: This is any data that involves figures. Quantitative data is 4 aspects, very easy to present and analyse. On Bestsellers. Even though it is easy to present it can be very general and exclude some data.
Because you are following a pattern you will get better coverage of an area or sample group. Even though you pick the 4 aspects technique, once it is picked, there is no bias in who gets selected. It is very simple to understand and carry out. Because you are selecting the systematic technique, there is some bias (subjectivity). Of Modern. You decide how often to take a sample. Even with a systematic sample you may end up with an unrepresentative sample e.g. 4 Aspects Of Critical Thinking. you ask every 10th person to essays truman fill in a questionnaire, but every 10th person turns out to thinking be female. Every person or every location/place has a completely equal chance of specific of modern, being selected It is quick and simple. Because it is totally random, results maybe completely random and not representative e.g. when randomly selecting names out of hat to ask questionnaires too, you only 4 aspects of critical thinking, pick females. Stratified sampling: Because both systematic and random sampling can give you a unrepresentative sample, if you have some secondary data that allows you to essays rank your sample group you can then carry out 4 aspects of critical thinking, stratified sampling.
For example if you are carrying out environmental indexes in a city that has 12 districts, if you randomly or systematically select four, you may pick th efour best or the four worst. However, if you know the average income of those 12 areas (census data) you can them rank them 1 to 12 and then randomly or systematically pick a district from each quartile giving you a more representative sample. Decide on your questions (what do you need to find out and short stories one act, what type of question are you going to thinking ask) Whether to do the questions orally or give them in on byron's written form (you may have to think about translations) How you are going to pilot (test) your questions How you are going to 4 aspects thinking record the answers (record them, write them down, trying to papers remember is of critical, unreliable) How you are going to sample (random, systematic, stratified) Remember that you are representing yourself and the school - be polite Remember people don't have to answer questions and they may be sensitive about papers some e.g. age groups and income groups. When actually designing your questions you have two real choice; open or closed: You are getting the respondents personal opinion. They are not limited in their response. Some responses might not be relevant to your research Respondents may not understand the question and 4 aspects of critical thinking, give you an happiest irrelevant response Results are very hard to analyse using graphs or tables.
All answers will be relevant to your research The results are easy to analyse using graphs and tables. The results lack personal opinion. They can be very generalised You are nearly always forced to have an other box meaning you don't know what the respondent thinks Your personal opinion has been placed on the questions (subjective). Specification: Observation – Examples of 4 aspects thinking, using observations as an enquiry skill to stories plays collect data include the recording of land-use in an urban area or observations of river or coastal features. Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and annotated photographs may all be used to record candidate observations. It is important to always have an other category, because you always find a land use that you have not thought about. They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for showing data collection techniques e.g. measuring a river's load They can support data collection findings e.g. Of Critical Thinking. they can show an example of a poor environment They can show temporal changes, especially if you can find historical photos.
You can annotate and label them. People often include photos that are not relevant e.g. a photo of their friends People forget to label, annotate or refer to photos, which then makes them irrelevant. People often only photograph the nice things e.g. On The. pretty view and forget the more ugly areas that are just as important e.g. area of pollution They can often contains too much information e.g. people and vehicles Because they are two dimensional, depth can be deceptive. Specification: Counts – Pedestrian and traffic counts are two significant examples of this enquiry skill. Appropriate methods for recording the counts should be discussed including the 4 aspects of critical thinking layout of recording sheets, instructions and the necessary information required to identify the on the refugee sheet following the count (i.e. time, date, location and name of 4 aspects of critical, recorder). Geography fieldwork equipment can be used to measure virtually anything, but is essays, most commonly used to take measurements along a river or at a beach.
Below are photos and descriptions of some of the most common types of geography equipment. Transect: A transect is basically a line a long which you take measurements. You may have a transect that runs from the 4 aspects thinking rural-urban fringe to the CBD or a transect that runs from the sea in land through sand dunes. In a real piece of coursework, you would explain how all your data was collected. In your description you would probably contain the essay samples following information: Date, time and location of data collection Group size Description and copy of data collection forms used e.g. questionnaires or counts Explanation of how the forms were used e.g. sample size, count period, count technique, etc. Description of equipment and of critical, an explanation of its use.
Instead of writing a methodology in your exam, you may be asked to specific of modern essay write a set of instructions, explaining how data collection should be carried out. Thinking. For example you might be asked to give a set of instructions for themes, doing a traffic count. You might say: Find a safe location near the road your are counting traffic Count the traffic in of critical both directions for a 10 minute period A tally should be used for one act, counting because this is easy and quick At the end of 10 minutes count up the totals for each type of vehicle. You may also be asked about how your data collection could be improved. Improvements may be made in thinking some of the following ways: Do counts more regularly e.g. every one or two hours Do counts, surveys or indexes in of modern essay more locations Do counts, surveys and indexes on different days of the week (including weekends) Get two groups doing the of critical same survey, index or count so that an average may be taken. Specification: Data presentation techniques: A knowledge of the illustrative techniques to present data across the topics for Paper 4 is required.
This should include, various types of graphs, maps and diagrams for example line graphs, bar graphs, divided bar graphs, histograms, flow diagrams, wind rose graphs, isoline maps, scatter graphs, pie graphs, triangular graphs and radial graphs. If you are asked to short stories complete a graph or table, all the 4 aspects of critical thinking data will be there for you so read the research on bestsellers data carefully and complete the graph/table/diagram carefully. Shows spatial distribution e.g. dot map Shows variations between regions and countries e.g. 4 Aspects Of Critical. choropleth map Visually interesting (interesting colours, symbols) Very bold and clear Easy to understand Clearly shows trends and anomallies. Can disguise intra-region or intra-country variations e.g. choropleth map Hard to see trends and cbest essay samples, anomalies Very complicated to read Symbols take up to much room. Specification: Analysis: Candidates should be able to describe the patterns in data presented in thinking graphs and tables of results.
Reference to relevant geographical knowledge and refugee, understanding is often required in the interpretation of the data. Practice of this skill will improve success in Paper 4 questions. Look for trends and correlations (if there is not a overall trend, look for smaller trends) Look for anomalies (things that don't fit the general trend) When ever you refer to 4 aspects of critical thinking trend and on the themes, anomalies you must support with evidence e.g. facts and figures from graph or table. Thinking. Try and explain trends (refer back to theory or other information that you have discovered in your investigation) Try and explain anomalies. Specification: Formation of essay short stories, conclusions: Using the evidence from the data, candidates should be able to make judgements on the validity of the original hypothesis or aims of the assignment. Reference is also required of the reliability of the of critical collected data and a critical evaluation of the chosen data collection methods. Refer back to original hypothesis Use some data to support your findings Refer to theory (if mentioned in introduction) - do your findings agree or disagree with theory State what you have learnt from your investigation.
Evaluation : In an evaluation you state what went well in essays on byron's darkness your research, but also how it can be improved or extended in the future. If you are asked to write an evaluation, think about the following: What went well (keep this brief) Any problems with data collection e.g. 4 Aspects Of Critical. bad weather, missing data, sampling technique, questions, data collection form Data that could be useful in the future e.g. secondary data from government, more questionnaires (bigger sample) Additional hypothesis that you could have used Problems with time or money that could be changed in the future. Portions not contributed by visitors are Copyright 2017 Tangient LLC.