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A Rhetorical Analysis of U2's 'Sunday Bloody Sunday' In this critical essay, composed in 2000, student Mike Rios offers a rhetorical analysis of the song #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday#34; by the Irish rock band U2. The song is the opening track of the group#39;s third studio album, War (1983). The lyrics to #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday#34; can be found on U2#39;s official website. The Rhetoric of U2#39;s #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday#34; U2 have always produced rhetorically powerful songs. From the spiritually driven #34;I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For#34; to the blatantly sexual #34;If You Wear That Velvet Dress,#34; audiences have been persuaded to examine their religious doubts as well as to give in to their emotions. One Act. Never a band content in sticking to one style, their music has evolved and taken many forms.
Their more recent songs show a level of complexity so far unsurpassed in music, drawing heavily on the ambiguity of paradox in songs like #34;So Cruel#34; while evoking sensory overload with the aid of the opia letter, list structure in #34;Numb.#34; But one of the most powerful songs dates back to their early years, when their style was Senecan-like, seemingly simpler and more direct. #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday#34; stands out as one of U2’s finest songs. Essay Stories One Act. Its rhetoric is successful because of its simplicity, not despite it. Written in opia cover, part as a response to the events of short one act January 30, 1972 when the Paratroop Regiment of the British Army killed 14 people and wounded another 14 during a civil rights demonstration in Derry, Ireland, #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday#34; takes hold of the listener instantly. It is a song speaking against paper house not only the British Army, but the Irish Republican Army as well. Bloody Sunday, as it has come to short stories one act be known, was only one act in a cycle of research violence claiming many innocent lives. Short One Act. The Irish Republican Army was certainly contributing to essay on the television the bloodshed. The song begins with Larry Mullen, Jr. beating his drums in a martial rhythm that connotes visions of soldiers, of essay short stories tanks, of guns.
Although not original, it is resources, a successful use of short one act plays musical irony, enveloping a song of protest in the sounds usually associated with those it is protesting against. The same can be said of its use in the cadence-like foundations of #34;Seconds#34; and #34;Bullet the Blue Sky.#34; Having grabbed hold of the listener’s attention, The Edge and Adam Clayton join in with lead and bass guitars respectively. The riff is as close to concrete as sound can get. It is senior, massive, almost solid. Then again, it has to be. U2 is endeavoring upon essay stories one act plays, a subject and implants, theme wide in scope. The message carries a great deal of short significance. They must connect with every ear, every mind, every heart. The pounding beat and the heavy riff transport the listener to the scene of the term paper doll house, killings, appealing to pathos.
A violin glides in and out to add a softer, delicate touch. Stories. Caught in the musical attack, it reaches out to the listener, letting him or her know that the song’s grip will not strangle, but the firm hold must be kept nonetheless. Doll. Before any words are sung, an ethical appeal has taken shape. The persona in this song is Bono himself. The audience knows he and the rest of the band are Irish and that, although not personally familiar with the event that gives the song its title, they have seen other acts of violence while growing up. Knowing the band’s nationality, the essay short one act plays, audience trusts them as they sing about the struggle in thesis, their homeland. Essay Short Stories Plays. Bono’s first line makes use of aporia. #34;I can’t believe the news today,#34; he sings. His words are the same words spoken by those who have learned of yet another attack in the name of philosophy a great cause.
They express the confusion such violence leaves in its aftermath. The murdered and the wounded are not the only victims. Essay One Act. Society suffers as some individuals continue to try and comprehend while others take arms and join in the so-called revolution, continuing the vicious cycle. Epizeuxis is common in songs. It helps to make songs memorable.
In #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday,#34; epizeuxis is a necessity. It is necessary because the message against violence must be drilled into the audience. With this end in physics, mind, epizeuxsis is modified to diacope throughout the essay stories one act, song. It is found in three different instances. The first is the erotesis #34;How long, How long must we sing this song? How long?#34; In asking this question, Bono not only replaces the pronoun I with we (which serves to draw the doll house, members of the audience closer to him and to themselves), he also implies the answer. The instinctive reply is that we should not have to sing this song any longer. In fact, we should not have to sing this song at all. Short Stories. But the second time he asks the question, we are not so sure of the answer. It ceases to be erotesis and functions as epimone, again for emphasis.
Furthermore, it is somewhat akin to ploce, in that its essential meaning changes. Before repeating the #34;How long?#34; question, Bono uses enargia to vividly recreate violence. The images of #34;broken bottles under children’s feet [and] bodies strewn across a dead end street#34; appeal to pathos in essay on the television, an effort to disturb the listeners. They are not disturbing because they are too horrible to imagine; they are disturbing because they do not have to essay short be imagined. Opia Letter. These images appear too often on television, in newspapers. These images are real. Essay Short. But Bono cautions against acting solely based on the pathos of a situation. To keep his pathetic appeal from working too well, Bono sings that he #34;won’t heed the battle call.#34; A metaphor for research paper, refusing the temptation to avenge the dead or hurt, this phrase conveys the essay stories one act plays, strength needed in doing so. He employs antirrhesis to support his statement. Physics Senior Thesis. If he allows himself to be seduced into becoming a rebel for the sake of revenge, his back will be put #34;against the wall.#34; He will have no further choices in life.
Once he picks up a gun he will have to use it. It is also an appeal to logos, weighing the consequences of his actions beforehand. When he repeats #34;How long?#34; the audience realizes that it has become a real question. Essay Stories. People are still being killed. People are still killing. It is a fact made all too clear on paper, November 8, 1987. As a crowd gathered at Enniskillen town in Fermanagh, Ireland, to essay stories one act observe Remembrance Day, a bomb placed by the IRA was detonated killing 13 people. Implants Paper. This sparked the short one act plays, now infamous dehortatio during a performance of #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday#34; that same evening. #34;Fuck the revolution,#34; Bono declared, reflecting his anger and the anger of his fellow Irishmen at another senseless act of research violence.
The second diacope is #34;tonight we can be as one. Essay One Act Plays. Tonight, tonight.#34; Utilizing hysteron proteron to emphasize #34;tonight#34; and therefore the immediacy of the situation, U2 offers a solution, a way in which peace can be restored. Clearly an appeal to resources pathos, it evokes the short stories one act, emotional comfort gained by human contact. The paradox is easily dismissed by the hopefulness resonating in the words. Bono tells us it is possible to become one, to unite.
And we believe him--we need to believe him. Breast. The third diacope is also the major epimone in the song. #34;Sunday, bloody Sunday#34; is, after all, the central image. The use of diacope differs in this phrase. By placing bloody within the two Sundays , U2 demonstrates how significant this day is. To many, thinking of the date will forever be linked with remembering the short plays, brutality inflicted on that date. Surrounding bloody with Sunday , U2 forces the audience to experience, at least in some way, the link. In doing so, they provide a manner by which the audience can further unite. U2 employs various other figures to persuade their audience.
In the erotesis, #34;there’s many lost, but tell me who has won?#34; U2 extends the battle metaphor. There is an example of paronomasia in lost . In relation to the battle metaphor, which is now the struggle to unite, lost refers to essay on the television the losers, those who have fallen victim to the violence by short stories, either partaking in it or experiencing it. Lost also refers to those who do not know whether to refrain or take part in the violence, and do not know which path to follow. Paronomasia is used earlier in #34;dead end street.#34; Here dead means physically the final portion of the street. It also means lifeless, like the bodies strewn across it. The two sides of these words express the senior, two sides of the Irish struggle. On one hand there is the idealistic cause for freedom and independence.
On the other there is the result of trying to attain these goals through terrorism: bloodshed. The battle metaphor continues when Bono sings #34;the trenches dug within our hearts.#34; Appealing to emotion again, he compares souls with battlefields. The paronomasia of #34;torn apart’ in the next line supports the metaphor by illustrating the essay, casualties (both those physically torn and hurt by bombs and critical thinking university, bullets, and those torn and essay short stories one act plays, separated by allegiances to the revolution). The list of victims is displayed as a tricolon to suggest no importance of one over breast any other. #34;Mother’s children, brothers, sisters,#34; they are all equally cherished. Short One Act. They are all also equally vulnerable, likely to fall victim to the often random attacks. Finally, the last stanza contains a variety of rhetorical devices. Like the paradoxical solution suggested in the opening stanza, the paradox of paper fact being fiction and television reality is not difficult to accept.
To this day there remains controversy over the shootings that occurred more than twenty-five years ago. And with both major protagonists in the violence distorting the truth for their own sake, fact is certainly capable of being manipulated into fiction. The terrible images of lines 5 and 6 support the television paradox. This phrase and the antithesis #34;we eat and drink while tomorrow they die#34; add to stories one act plays the sense of perplexity and urgency. There is also a trace of irony in critical thinking, enjoying basic human elements while the next day someone else dies. It causes the listener to ask him or herself, who are they? It causes him or her to wonder if it could be a neighbor, or a friend, or a family member that dies next. Many probably think of those who have died as statistics, numbers in short stories one act, a growing list of murdered. The juxtaposition of we and they confronts the tendency to distance oneself from unknown victims. It asks that they be considered as people, not numbers. Another opportunity for philosophy critical university of manitoba, unification is thus presented.
Besides uniting with each other, we must also unite with the memories of those slain. As the song heads towards the closing diacope, one last metaphor is employed. #34;To claim the victory Jesus won,#34; sings Bono. Essay Stories. The words immediately connote the blood sacrifice particular to breast implants research so many cultures. The listener hears #34;victory,#34; but also remembers that Jesus had to die in order to short stories achieve it. This makes an appeal to pathos, stirring religious emotions.
Bono wants the listener to breast research paper know that it is not an essay one act plays, easy journey he is physics senior, pleading for them to embark on. It is difficult, but well worth the price. The final metaphor also appeals to ethos by linking their struggle to that of Jesus, and therefore making it morally right. #34;Sunday Bloody Sunday#34; remains as powerful today as it was when U2 first performed it. The irony of essay short stories one act plays its longevity is that it is still relevant. U2 would no doubt rather they did not have to sing it anymore.
As it stands, they will probably have to continue singing it.
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oedipus homework Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. Stories One Act Plays! If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on senior to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and short plays do not host paid advertisements. Paper House! All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. One Act Plays! This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to breast implants paper, read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to comment on Aristotle's ideas about essay short one act plays, tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started.
Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the term house, King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general. Essay Short Stories One Act! Two of critical, his plays (Ajax and short stories plays Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious. This explains the nonsense about tragic flaws and hybris.
We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. Term Doll House! The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the initial o), while -pus is one act, feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and physics Jocasta were king and queen of short, Thebes, a town in Greece. One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness.
Laius and Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name. On The Television! It also helps later to confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. He gave the baby to a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the essay short one act plays, foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it.
Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense. Again, don't worry about it. This is a folk tale.) To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Philosophy Thinking University Of Manitoba! Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. But this is a folk tale.) Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and essay stories killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. Resources! In one version, there was a dispute over essay short stories plays, right-of-way on a bridge.
In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to the throne of Corinth, and for breast implants paper some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the town of Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening? Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and stories plays they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and paper doll became a wandering beggar. In the one act, version that must have been the favorite of Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of research paper, Athens.
The kindness he was shown at the end made the essay, city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale? Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the opia letter, Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for essay an outraged mother -- to his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to say about Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to opia, illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. Essay! I can't see what kind of sense this makes.
A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of implants paper, this story? Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about stories plays, your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about doll house, what's to come.
Embrace life and its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to essay plays, feel so stigmatized by essay on the a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and essay short plays circumstances does not relieve one of the house, responsibility of thinking for themselves. It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and essay one act plays a lot on the background of the story. The author is with me on the hamartia business, below. Essay On The Television! Thanks for essay one act plays the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination.
If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by breast research the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. But people want to stories, believe in the supernatural, and essay people like to tell each other about the one act plays, rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of physics senior, predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to believe in the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie. You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity).
People want to short stories, believe in paper, oracles. 2. Essay Short Stories! Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie.
Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures. In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is paper doll, fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this.
He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about predestination from essay stories plays New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the answer, either. Cover Letter! Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in essay short one act, God's free gift of breast research, grace in Christ. For him, this was a comfort and short stories assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation.
John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for breast implants paper everybody and that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and short stories plays God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and people being the paper doll, victims of essay short one act, cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. Term Doll House! He's not the one act, only person who's had this experience. In the US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of karma.
Individual believers may find that this frees them from term doll house bitterness over life's injustices (natural and essay plays human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and writing kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in essay short one act plays, secular literature. Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for essay on the television trouble just because of who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Stories One Act Plays! Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not?
Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from resources Macbeth. Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of essay short stories plays, time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is breast implants research, really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in essay one act, our brains, and what we will think and do. The laws of opia cover, physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about which side to take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave. As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of short plays, thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and writing resources that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions.
The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food. I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and thank the essay one act plays, Good Lord for my recovery. Senior! The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of essay short one act, predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. Essay Television! When we are inside, and essay short stories one act plays look back, the reverse of the writing, sign will say God chose us from before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4).
The folk tale of stories plays, Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the opia letter, subject of this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and essay short one act unavoidable dooms, the story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to cover, do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the essay short stories, King for opia cover the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era.
His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to essay short one act plays, the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is letter, often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in essay stories one act plays, its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. As the physics senior, play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. It was evidently the custom to do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader.
The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague. Plants, animals, and short plays people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is term paper doll, not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the essay one act plays, riddle of the sphinx and save the town. Term House! And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer.
He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to short, do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the essay on the, Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the essay stories plays, killer of physics thesis, Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer. Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is essay short plays, known is that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. Senior! (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. Essay One Act! One of Laius's men escaped, and thinking university of manitoba walked back to Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by essay plays a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. Opia Cover! And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to stories, be transferred away from cover Thebes, and has been gone ever since.)
Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to issue a policy statement to short, help find the killer. The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in philosophy critical of manitoba, her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of short one act, dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the god of war but is here the god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. On the other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.)
The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing. In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into essay, some magic snakes and got his gender changed for essay short stories seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness.
Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by opia letter saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Essay Stories Plays! Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home.
Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is breast implants, You're missing the point. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry. Short Stories Plays! Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the killer, and adds that he is living in term doll house, shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and stories one act plays Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to term paper doll, handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world.
Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Essay One Act Plays! Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him. Critical Of Manitoba! The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in stories plays, a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an excuse. They exchange angry words. Breast Implants! Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the accusation of essay short one act, planning a coup. (1) Being king is breast paper, too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to stories one act, do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to do an obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over a lifetime.
A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for on the treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at short one act fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened. The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and research says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble.
Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in essay stories one act plays, psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. Resources! But this never happened, because we left the baby to short, die in the woods. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by breast robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads? Irony.
Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the sphinx and became king. Oedipus is essay short plays, upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request.
Oedipus tells his story. He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. Philosophy Thinking University Of Manitoba! As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite direction. The men, including the short one act, leader, started insulting him. Physics Thesis! Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of essay short one act plays, rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the essay television, men shoved Oedipus.
Oedipus punched him back. Essay Stories One Act! The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is breast implants research paper, too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of some god or other.
He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the plague end. Essay Plays! He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of critical thinking university of manitoba, killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and appreciative of short one act plays, his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to television, find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural.
Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in essay stories one act, psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to opia cover, die by short stories one act plays the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the breast, government is essay stories plays, bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is essay on the, your marriage bed!
Irony.) The king of short plays, Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about term paper, him killing his father is void. You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Essay Short Stories One Act Plays! Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and says, Maybe the research, oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for essay one act plays my absence.
But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. Writing! You should ignore dreams. Essay One Act! Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you. You don't have to worry about marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose.
Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the critical thinking university, pin out of his ankles, and short had given him to the king and queen of Corinth to raise as their own. Oedipus is starting to wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened. Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. Philosophy Critical Thinking Of Manitoba! (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is essay short stories one act, a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me.
Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and of the woods where Oedipus was found. The say the spot will become famous. Thesis! Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in. He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. But Oedipus insists on the truth. Short Stories One Act Plays! It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the philosophy critical thinking, baby and put it in the woods to foil a prophecy.
Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Essay Plays! Now everybody knows the truth. Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from term paper house inside. Stories One Act! A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the resources, pin that held up her dress.
He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. Essay Short Stories! It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the eye from behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out of the city (so that the senior thesis, plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide.
Oedipus comes in. Essay Stories Plays! Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to writing resources, rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to do it. Creon is the new king. Essay Short! He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by letter his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is one act, dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the sense the same here, or different?)
What is Sophocles saying? To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to resources, please the audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is essay one act plays, whether one can believe in oracles and psychics. By extension, the question is senior, whether the short one act, Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator.
Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on critical university of manitoba himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the essay stories one act plays, dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Breast Implants! Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by essay stories one act plays the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods. At the on the television, beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Short One Act Plays! Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune.
And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the physics thesis, strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the essay short stories, gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and breast implants must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?) People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about short stories one act, what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is term, much like the essay stories, dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age.
Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of critical university, Oedipus the King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to essay short stories plays, people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on essay on the tragedy. Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to plays, the boy who became Alexander the Great. Aristotle is reacting in part against Plato's objection to art and theater. Aristotle was especially interested in philosophy, justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber.
After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy. Since the objects of imitation are men in short stories plays, action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and letter badness being the distinguishing marks of moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Short Stories! Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and essay television of better moral character. Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place.
He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to short, recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the writing, actions of essay short one act plays, meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the epic poets, who also focused on opia high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era.
He tells about essay short stories plays, its origins in improvisation, and opia letter its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the leading part to the dialogue. Sophocles raised the number of actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Then one member would take the role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus.
Sophocles added a third, and one act introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an writing, action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of essay short stories, narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about term paper house, something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him.
The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about essay, bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on philosophy thinking university of manitoba a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. (Considering the limitations of the essay stories one act plays, form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.) Diction: the right choice of words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the right word can be.
Thought: Arguments and exposition. Senior! Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects. Not so much the short plays, poet's business as the paper house, stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is essay short stories, missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about opia, life on which tragedies can be based.
Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life. Yet Aristotle is short plays, silent on this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for television themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on essay short the phoniness and meanness of human society.
Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time. Essay Television! Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for short plays teenagers to obey their parents instead of philosophy critical university of manitoba, making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to choose their own husbands and wives. Short Stories One Act Plays! The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. Resources! And love gives happiness and essay short stories one act plays dignity even in opia letter, the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world.
Aristotle, the school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from looking for themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the short, stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense. But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an senior, effect is best produced when the essay stories one act, events come on us by surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect. Breast Paper! The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Plays! Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the physics senior thesis, best. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and stories one act plays people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the falling statue expressed the will of the Force.
Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the breast paper, situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on stories one act plays the complex plan. It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and implants research fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in short stories plays, the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the cover letter, spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity: for stories this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of term paper, a bad man passing from short one act adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the cover, moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for plays pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of opia cover letter, a man like ourselves. Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. Essay Short! There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and philosophy of manitoba just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by stories one act some error or frailty . He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of writing resources, such families. Essay Short Stories One Act Plays! -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems.
Plays about essay, bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. Stories Plays! (Beavis and Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about physics senior thesis, thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and is intended to one act plays, do so. Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see. Breast! A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about as the result not of one act plays, vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. The practice of the stage bears out our view. Term House! -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in stories plays, the middle, but a happy ending.
Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. Senior Thesis! In the second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite essay short stories catastrophe for the good and for the bad. Writing! It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for essay stories one act plays the poet is guided in physics, what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is short one act plays, proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in opia cover letter, the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at essay short the close, and no one slays or is slain. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and essay go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and essay one act that the best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and essay pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the better way, and indicates a superior poet. Plays! For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the physics senior thesis, eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place.
This is the plays, impression we should receive from hearing the story of the philosophy critical of manitoba, Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and stories one act most important, it must be good. Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of implants research, character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class.
Even a woman may be good, and one act plays also a slave; though the woman may be said to doll, be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. Stories! The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is philosophy of manitoba, a type of manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of essay short, sexism and classism. But the truth is that on term doll house the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and plays brave as the men -- an physics thesis, obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on stories to say that characters should be believable, the implants research, kinds of people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the short one act plays, story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to speak of Diction and Thought, the other parts of opia cover, Tragedy having been already discussed. Essay Stories One Act Plays! Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the paper doll, subject more strictly belongs. Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the essay one act, excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite.
Now, it is critical university of manitoba, evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the one act, dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is paper doll house, a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the essay one act plays, description is not true to physics senior, fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the short plays, objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the philosophy thinking, objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is short one act plays, how men say the thing is, applies to tales about the gods. It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to implants research paper, fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Essay Stories One Act Plays! Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue.
Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and house altruistic. Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of essay short one act plays, regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand.
Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers. 1. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. Opia Cover Letter! It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. One Act Plays! You can go back to the real world, where life is fair.
It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the essay television, first schoolteacher to essay short stories one act, smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious. Opia Letter! He may have thought he was right to do so. Essay Stories One Act Plays! Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to essay television, write essays about tragic flaws and purging pity and fear.
Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the one act, usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. Breast Research! But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the short one act, same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the paper doll house, uhh that I make when I have no idea what to stories, say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the opia letter, chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from plays Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the physics senior thesis, victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is common sense and stories plays genuine goodness. Philosophy Critical University Of Manitoba! It is hard to essay short one act plays, generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in critical, Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of plays, civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of hybris.
I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. Letter! (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is essay stories one act, Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is really saying about life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. This results in turn from opia your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to cry. But we don't want to be rid of stories plays, these emotions, but to senior thesis, feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world.
Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to one act, limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about nature, and about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of essay, plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of people who would restrict the free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the short plays, stories they hear in church are true, and perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of breast, Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control.
Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. Essay! But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the breast implants research paper, New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on essay stories plays Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. Opia! In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall.
Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to short one act, solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the philosophy critical university of manitoba, belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. Essay Short Plays! through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man.
Oedipus. brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context.
Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out essay, themes common to essay one act plays, world literature prior to paper, the decline in essay one act plays, religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness. Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and opia letter Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is short, a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of philosophy of manitoba, 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students.
No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is stories one act, wrong. Aristotle had postulated the research, principle of the tragic flaw in tragedy. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from short stories what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by breast research paper flaws or by hybris . In fact, in most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by essay stories his or her virtues. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in thesis, tragedy but what should be happening. He is answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience.
Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. Essay One Act! The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Link is now down: Cyber Essays to philosophy critical of manitoba, help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to essay short one act, Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is resources, not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is essay short one act, bliss, it is folly to be wise.
Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the breast implants research paper, author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. What the short stories one act plays, essay ignores is paper doll house, that Oedipus pursued the truth to save his city, not to amuse himself. The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to hear this from essay short stories anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to decide for yourself about physics senior, this.
But like it or not, focusing on essay short stories plays science over make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the research paper, plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers. I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service.
Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and stories one act plays you can forget about breast implants paper, being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to short stories, his dignity, his image of his rightful status.
Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in that category. Miller adds that the doll house, terror and the fear that is one act plays, classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the unquestioned. Maybe this is more about Miller than about thesis, Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother.
Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at stories plays my own page and follow the senior thesis, links from there to essay stories, my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the opia cover letter, world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. Essay! This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at paper your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by short stories one act plays any means. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting.
Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by breast implants Sophocles Retrieved Dec. Short Plays! 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing.
If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to essay television, perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Essay One Act! Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for paper the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the essay short, gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution. Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of One the philosophy thinking, one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides.
It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and short still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the house, talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is essay stories one act, what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in implants research paper, the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at one act plays Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the letter, herdsman to short stories, tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is paper house, fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws?
If a lone man is essay, hassled and then physically attacked by a group of thugs on a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and research paper if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense. What kind of stories, sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to opia letter, think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry?
If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in essay short stories one act plays, spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about letter, Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and one act plays decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.)
Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. Essay! I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to essay short one act plays, come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at term paper a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. Stories! However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to term doll house, explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to short stories one act, draw the essay on the television, obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . Short! If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and house I'll probably be able to short plays, take care of it for you.
Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why. In the 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process.
Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on critical thinking indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of essay short one act, entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and term house a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma.
I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on essay stories one act plays my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of thinking university, wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the essay one act, works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much.
If any of the sites to house, which I have linked are asking students for essay one act their money, please let me know. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.
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Essay short stories one act plays
Essay Writing Novel Titles In Mla 129439. Essay One Act? Essay Writing Novel Titles In Mla. Purdue OWL: Writing About Literature 9 Aug 2017 All research papers on literature use MLA format, as it is the universal citation Titles of books , plays, or works published singularly (not Formatting Titles of paper doll house Texts in essay one act plays MLA Style IVCC Every time you mention the title of a work, even in the title of your own essay , you must apply the opia letter, proper formatting. On Writing : A Memoir of the one act, Craft ( book ). Do You Underline Book Titles ? Italicize? Put inside Writer#039;s Digest 29 May 2012 Do you italicize book titles ? Underline them? Put book titles in quotes? Here#039;s the real scoop on research paper how to handle styling book titles in your writing . Dealing with Titles in MLA Format MCCC#039;s Faculty Page The conventions of properly marking a title in MLA style can seem confusing, but the basic Note that sometimes writers encounter titles that do not follow these Databases often capitalize the entire title of an article or book , while other types Q. When writing a paper , do I use italics for all titles ? Answers books ; periodicals (journals, magazines, newspapers); films; videos; TV shows A general rule of short stories one act thumb is letter that within the text of a paper , italicize the title of Do I have to essay short stories one act, underline or book titles in MLA essay ? | Yahoo Poems, essays , short stories , and articles should be in quotations. Source(s): Resent update to the MLA format have taken the use of underlining for a books title unneeded.
This again Write A Book In 24 Hours! Source(s): If you are writing an essay do you underline, use quotation marks or 20 Aug 2012 When typing , book titles —in fact, the term, titles of any full-length works—should always be italicized. Titles of shorter works, such as a poem or short How to Document Chapters in Books Using an MLA Format | The Titles of book chapters are always enclosed in quotation marks. According to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition), you should How to Reference a Poem Title in short plays an Essay | The Pen and The Pad Whether you are writing an writing resources, essay about a poet or simply quoting a poem or referring Put quotation marks around the poem#039;s title unless it is a novel -length epic Cite the poem with a parenthetical citation if you are using MLA or APA format. Marking Titles Writing English Rules 15 Feb 2005 When writing about a short story , do you underline the title of the essay one act plays, story or students and writers of scholarly works in the humanities, the MLA Handbook . do you underline, italicize, or put the name of an physics, essay in quotes. Titles of works #8212; The Punctuation Guide. and the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) Titles set in italics Titles in quotation marks Titles set in regular typeBlogs Books Cartoons or Do I italicize the title of a short story ? What about poem titles ? Items 1 8 of short plays 68 Your most pressing and on the, perplexing questions about writing get answered here by essay short stories one act Gotham teacher Brandi Reissenweber. Implants Paper? If you have questions Are newspaper titles italicized in essay writing ? Quora Thus we differentiate between the titles of novels and journals, say, and essay short plays, the titles . Most classroom essays follow the opia cover, MLA style, and the names of one act newspapers Writer#039;s Web: Titles : Underline, Italics, or Quotations? When writing about other works, it#039;s hard to decide when to underline (or place in italics) a title and when to place it in double quotations. Physics Senior? Note that The Bible, Book of essay plays Exodus, or Qu#039;ran do not get underlined in the text of a paper . A specific Writing in the Disciplines: English Guide to MLA Style Here are the guidelines for philosophy critical thinking university of manitoba, formatting a paper according to essay stories one act, MLA style. longer works, such as books , and term paper house, put smaller works, such as article titles , in quotations How to Properly Punctuate Titles : When to Use All About Writing 2 Dec 2013 Use italics for titles such as books , novels , magazines, journals, Writing handbooks (Chicago Manual of Style, MLA , APA, and many others) Italics and Underlining: Titles of Works | Grammarly Italics and short stories one act, underlining are used to emphasize titles of books , poems, short stories , and articles.
This guide will show you how to on the, use these techniques properly. Punctuating Titles Cn Punctuating Titles : When to essay, Use Italics, Underlining, and Quotation Marks. It#039;s easy Title of an Epic Poem or Book -Length Poem. Senior Thesis? Ex: The 3) Title of an Essay . Title of a Ex: Modern Writers and Their Readers. 4) Title In past editions of MLA , underlining a title and italicizing it were considered synonymous. That is How to Format the short stories one act plays, Title in MLA 8 EasyBib Blog When citing book titles using the MLA 8 format, always enter the full title , in italics, Weiland, K.M. Structuring Your Novel : Essential Keys for essay on the, Writing an work, such as an essay , chapter, short story , or poem, place the title in quotation marks, Tips on Writing an Essay MLA Style English Grammar Rules Usage The MLA essay format meets the standard layout guidelines as set forth by short stories one act the name, title of the on the television, book , publication date, publisher and place of publication. essay Referencing a Play in an MLA paper Writers Stack Exchange 10 Oct 2011 Also, most of the names of works in the works cited section are italicized, articles and If it comes in only one part (short story , article , etc.) When writing a paper in MLA format, there are a few simple rules you should Italics or quotation marks should be used when indicating the title of another work MLA Format Papers : Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research MLA Format Papers : Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays .. Plays? When using MLA format, do you list the book title , the title of the breast, article or both? MLA FAQs MLA Format Lesley University Library at Lesley 11 Aug 2017 With that in essay short mind, you can use MLA guidelines to breast paper, format a citation What if an article title includes a book or other title that should be italicized? Should Book Titles Be Underlined?
UADDit When you write a book title , are you supposed to underline it, italicize it or Underlining is stories one act plays ONLY used when you are handwriting a paper . Currently the correct MLA format is to senior thesis, put a book title in italics if you are writing your How Are the Titles of Longer Works Written in MLA Style Examples of plays longer works are the titles of books or plays, while shorter works When writing titles within the paper , you only need to opia letter, reference the title once. Essay Stories Plays? Properly Format Your Titles : Underlines, Italics, and Quotes | Writer#039;s 13 Mar 2008 Should the opia, title of stories songs, stories, movies, books , screenplays, etc. be in italics or 4) No quotation marks around titles of your own composition . On The Television? Do You Use Quotes or Italics for essay short plays, Song and Album Titles ? So obviously, when I write about a song or album, I know when to term house, use quotation I had points knocked off of college papers for employing that punctuation, tried I#039;m thinking specifically of short stories and The Collection They Come in or Title of source MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition LibGuides at Indian 18 Jul 2017 This LibGuide reflects the changes to MLA style as directed by the Example of a journal article title which includes the title of essay short stories one act plays a book : Writing Matters: A Handbook for Writing and Research, 2nd ed., McGraw Hill, 2014, pp. Style Guide for essays and term paper house, projects| | Spanish, Portuguese and Latin Style Guide for essays and projects MLA Handbook for Writers of essay Research Papers . Titles of essay on the television articles, essays , short stories , poems and chapters in a book ,
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Essay short stories one act plays
essay on interview Interview Essay Samples. Topic: Happy Valley’s Handy Delivery. As I stood in front of my house Thursday night, pretending that the passing headlights were a source of warmth, I thought of the strangeness of my situation. I was waiting for essay stories one act, a cab, but with no particular destination in opia letter mind. I had never been in one act this situation before and was still acquainting myself with the novelty of it, when a dark blue car slowed to a stop just a few feet beyond my doorstep.
My taxi had finally arrived, and just in time, for the thin layers of my Penn State jacket were beginning to struggle against a cold November evening. Instinctively I reached for the back door of the vehicle, but didn’t get it open more than a crack before I heard “Hey grab ah seat up front.” Feeling rather privileged, I complied, and paper house, took the offered seat next to Jared. Essay Stories One Act. Since we had previously met, formal introductions were skipped. Instead, I commented on opia, the Pink Floyd CD sitting on the armrest between us. “Yeah the short stories plays, damn thing skips, so I don’t even listen anymore” Jared said. Letter. Though I was disappointed, I quickly learned that not having music did not matter much. Between the steady conversation and the constant interruptions from the dispatch radio attached to the dashboard, there was very little time for rock n’ roll CD’s. Jared, who appeared to essay short plays, be in his early thirties, was dressed causally in a gray, hoodless sweatshirt and blue jeans. Implants Paper. His left hand kept passing back and forth between the short stories, steering wheel and his face, pushing his wire rimmed glasses further up on his nose. With his large stomach, and tall frame filling the driver’s seat, Jared held a commanding presence over the small Chevy Malibu. Cover Letter. He drove quickly around the block, and managed to essay short one act, talk to breast implants paper, me and into the handset of the short one act plays, radio at the same time. “87. I’ve got the term paper house, reporter.” I laughed to myself when I heard my new title.
Dispatch responded with an “ok” and gave directions to where we would find our first passenger of the night. When we arrived at the State College bus station, an old man greeted us with thanks and surprise at essay short one act plays, our quickness. Paper Doll House. Jared nonchalantly mentioned how we were just around the corner, and then introduced me as an essay stories plays, observer. Philosophy Critical Thinking University. I gave a quick hello, and then quieted down out of respect for Jared. I was unsure if it was appropriate to talk with the passengers. Slowly, the old man took his place in the back seat of the car, and essay short one act plays, then quickly managed to strike up conversation. He had traveled all the way from Florida by bus, and this taxi ride was the final leg of his journey. I suppose it was the previous solitude he experienced on the Greyhound that made him so talkative in our cab. “A lotta people don’t realize it, but man, Florida got whopped by those damn Hurricanes” he said. From then on the conversation between him and Jared focused on the weather, both in thesis Florida and in State College, and essay stories plays, the effect that it was having upon resources each of their lives. One Act Plays. The old man talked about the Hurricane’s destruction of all the cover letter, mature trees down south, and essay stories, Jared empathetically responded with a similar story about the Elm trees in State College, and writing resources, their threat of destruction by a virus. Essay One Act Plays. Jared went on to mention how the unseasonably nice weather in on the State College had hurt business the week before.
It occurred to me then how important it is for stories one act plays, a taxi driver to stay informed of current events. Sports, politics, weather, or business, I imagine that a successful taxi driver would be familiar with all of paper house these, and able to offer some interesting insight, as Jared did with the weather, and this old man from Florida. On our way back to essay one act plays, town, Jared and paper, I talked about the one act, rules set forth by Handy Delivery. He said that in regard to term doll house, conversations with passengers, the company encourages you “to be amicable, if it seems like they want it.” He himself prefers talkative customers because it helps to pass the time, and essay stories one act plays, also improves the tips. Some other Handy Delivery rules which Jared mentioned were the requirements that all drivers must meet. One must be at paper, least 25 years old, with a clean driving record and stories one act plays, zero DUI’s.
Random drug screenings are also part of the term paper house, job, and finally, all traffic tickets received on or off the job must be reported to the company. At first, I was surprised to hear that tickets received off the job needed to be reported, but then after hearing Jared explain why, it made sense. If a driver had received a number of tickets outside of work, and one act, then got pulled over during work and found that he could no longer drive because of implants research those tickets, his job performance would suffer. Essay Stories One Act Plays. I realized how important it is for paper, taxi drivers to essay short stories plays, make intelligent decisions both on and off the job. Driving a taxi no longer seemed like a simple 9-5 job, but rather a lifestyle.
A few minutes after arriving back in thesis town, Jared decided to “drive a loop” from College Avenue, left onto Atherton Street., followed by an immediate left onto short Beaver Avenue and television, then another left down one of the connecting cross streets. He chose Allen Street. Jared said that he was looking for potential passengers, and so staying in the busier part of short plays town was wise. Writing. Unfortunately, we did not find any, and stories one act plays, so headed towards Starbucks coffee shop right along College Avenue. As we sat in the car parked outside Starbucks, we talked about the paper doll, risk of being robbed while on the job, and the differences between New York City taxi drivers and Handy Delivery drivers. “I’ve only essay short one act plays, seen one robbery in ah year and breast paper, ah half, so it’s not too common,” Jared declared, “but I am prepared just in case.” He told me of money management techniques such as separating large and short plays, small bills, and breast paper, then hiding the larger bills somewhere in the car. “Just gotta make sure you don’t forget about essay short plays ‘em” he laughed. Another possibility is to use a “drop slip” which can be put in any post office mailbox, and doll, then received a few days later. Very few drivers use “drop slips.” Jared explained that while it is important for a driver to manage his money, safety is the first concern. Most drivers will make sure that they are not in danger, and then worry about their money afterwards.
Because of this, it is easy to see the benefit of taking precautions. “87. Cross Hall, 2 passengers” the sound of the dispatch radio interrupted our conversation. Jared replied “10-4,” and we immediately headed towards campus. One Act Plays. I asked Jared whether he knew where that building was, and if not, how he would find out. He told me that he did know, and as he said it, I detected a sense of pride in philosophy critical thinking university his statement.
I knew from previous research that memory was a source of pride among taxi drivers, and Jared without hesitation, reconfirmed it for me. He told me how the drivers do not like to ask directions, and only consult a map when they absolutely have to. “New guy at work syndrome” was how he described it. “Everybody goes through a stage where they’re learnin’ the ropes, but after enough time on the job, they get the hang of it.” I once again was impressed by the knowledge that taxi drivers had. Our ride with the sorority girls started out short stories one act quite differently than the one with the old man from Florida. When the two girls got into the car, everything immediately began to smell like perfume, and they talked amongst themselves, rather then with me or Jared. Once again though, I was introduced as “an observer.” As we headed toward Nicholas towers, I attempted to initiate conversation. I asked the girls what they thought of the Handy Delivery taxi service, and if they could find out anything about the company, what would it be.
After thinking for a moment, the girls wanted to know why there were not more vans. Jared explained that there was only writing, one van in essay one act plays the Handy Delivery fleet, simply because smaller cars made more money. The girls seemed a little disappointed by such a rational explanation, and Jared admitted that he himself preferred the vans. By this time however, the short drive to the apartment complex was complete, and the girls hopped out with a “goodbye” and a “thanks.” The smell of physics senior thesis their perfume hung around for essay short one act, a little while longer. After dropping the girls off, we headed back towards town, where Jared intended to drive another loop. Writing Resources. I was interested in what he had said about the business end of things, and soon found out essay stories plays that he knew quite a bit more than I expected.
He told me all about the organizational strategies of the company, and how each driver is known on the job by a number. I correctly guessed that Jared was 87. At a stoplight, he showed me a computer printout of the financial transactions from his last shift. It specified how much he had paid to implants research paper, rent the taxi from Handy Delivery, and how much money he had made in fares that night. Essay One Act. The rental rate is based upon a complicated algorithm which Jared said only the computers know. “We plug the essay television, numbers in, and shhhooop, out they come on the other side.” I was surprised at how quickly our conversation had shifted from short one act, usual everyday talk, to a serious discussion of business. It allowed me another insight into the taxi driving profession. I got to see how seriously the breast research paper, drivers of Handy Delivery take their job. Before we could finish the loop, dispatch called another address over the radio, and once again we found ourselves heading out of town. The passenger this time was a male college student somewhere in his early twenties.
He was on his way to work at the PA pizza shop, and was running a little late. As him and Jared sat talking about the essay short stories one act, unique traits of cover such a job, I began to review in my head, all that I had learned this evening. I realized that the taxi driving profession here in State College is very demanding. To be a successful driver, one must be intelligent, and able to deal with people on a personal level. Knowledge of current events and the memorization of stories one act directions and locations is also very important. Similarly, a successful driver must have a good understanding of the business end of things.
Because of these reasons, I began to see why so many of the drivers were college graduates. Doll House. They were not down on short, their luck, and working this job because they had to, but rather, they were putting their education to good use. We dropped the pizza guy off at work, and then headed back towards West College Avenue where my final stop would be. As we pulled in doll house front of my house, Jared finished telling his story about the time a passenger brought a python into plays, the cab and term paper house, he nearly jumped out of short one act his seat. “Holy Jesus Christ. On The. ” he yelled. Essay Stories. I laughed out loud as I imagined this huge man scared by such a small snake. We shook hands and as he drove away, I saw him reach forward for the radio handset. “87. I’ve dropped the reporter, ready for another pickup.” At least that is what I imagined he said.
Topic: Architecture Studio Culture. Interview Paper – Final Draft. When Tuesday night rolled around, my normal time to visit the 2 nd -year architecture studio, I still had to finalize my questions and the meeting times for on the television, my perspective interviewees. Short One Act Plays. After my regular Tuesday meeting of the College Democrats (around 8:10 p.m.), I called Mian, one of my usual architecture student contacts, but he said that he wasn’t going to be there at our previously agreed upon time and that he was heading with his roommates to talk with their future landlord. Essay. He was going to be back at 9:40, so I decided to head to the Pattee Library to work on my questions. I also contacted Christi who I had scheduled an appointment with, but I later learned that she was only planning to stop by essay short stories one act plays the studio to pick up some supplies. Surprisingly, Mian was back at studio ahead of schedule, something that is never the case from what I have seen, so he invited me to the SALA Building to ask him my questions. It couldn’t have been a more awful night to be walking around campus; the rain and cold were reluctant and writing, there was hardly a soul in sight. This of essay short one act plays course was true until I arrived at the architecture studio. It was alive inside, despite the dreary and research paper, dismal weather just a few yards outside. Students were busy moving about, drawing, studying and socializing.
I walked through the short stories one act plays, 2 nd year studio, on my way to Mian’s desk in the far left hand side of the studio, passing about 20 or so students at their own desks. Term. Mian was just getting settled from his trip to his future house only a few blocks from studio (his current home is downtown and a decent walk to the SALA Building). His desk was parallel with the West wall of the building and separated from essay short stories one act, Tristan’s desk on the left only by thesis a mini-fridge. There was a vase on essay stories, top of the fridge, but the flowers residing there appeared to have started dying days beforehand. Mian told me that he stole them from an event that occurred downstairs some time ago and hadn’t watered them since. Tristan wasn’t at her desk when I first arrived, so I sat in an extra chair, rested my laptop on the corner of her desk and tried carefully not to breast paper, disrupt her drawings until she came. There were a handful of essay one act other students around; Amanda and Mike were a few steps above Mian’s desk and Tristan and another student on writing resources, the same level.
As I sat, typing my initial description of the environment around me and of Mian himself, Mian ate a half-pint of mint chocolate chip Creamery ice cream while talking to Amanda and Tristan about their IM football team, whose existence was news to me. They also talked about how they have gone days on end without showering and Mian blatantly shared too much information as to his experiences on the matter. Additionally, I witnessed an argument over short stories one act, who gets to essay, use the area’s cutting board with a student from a nearby section. Just before we began, Mian called a friend, and asked if he/she was brining his/her laptop to studio that night since he was planning to stay there for plays, quite some time and was hoping to watch a DVD while working. Mian’s demeanor can be described most concisely as sarcastic and laid back. He always adds a joking element to whatever conversation he is in with a distinctively Mian-esque sharp tone of voice.
Despite the essay television, sarcasm that is inherent to Mian’s personality, he seems to plays, show a sense that if you needed someone to stick up for you he’d be the first one to help out. Mian is just over my height, probably about 5’8”, and is of opia cover Chinese descent. Stories. I’ve even heard him speaking in writing Chinese on the phone before. Short Stories. He was wearing a gray, knitted crew sweater, a pair of jeans and silver Adidas running shoes, but Mian let me know he normally doesn’t dress up and wears a t-shirt and hooded sweatshirt most of the time. I couldn’t believe how honest they were with me, it was like I was their connection to resources, the outside world and that I was their hope in showing the short one act plays, outside what they experience, because according to them one can’t fully write about what it’s like to be in architecture without being in it. They even joked about the Collegian article that talked about the hardships of architecture students last year, saying that it barely touched on the surface of what they experience on a daily basis.
It felt like they really wanted me to expose what really goes on senior, in the studio, as if they were in a prison-like environment where their stories couldn’t be told unless it came from an insider, someone who has been there and knows what its like. A few moments into my interview, I prompted Mian to define studio culture, to define the environment that they live within and are so much a part of. One Act Plays. He struggled with the question at first, but Tristan jumped in to term paper house, help. She spoke about how the essay short stories one act plays, studio was an open environment that has developed into a complex family setting. Essay On The. Tristan explained that it leads to a wide variety of relationships and fosters design work, but there is short stories competitive edge that still persists. The notion that everyone is competing for the few A’s that are given out paper each semester forces a “two-faced” relationship with most of the other students; they are extremely close on a social basis, but on an academic level there is a conscious competitive boundary. I found this particular noteworthy realizing that even though the studio culture is short so tight knit and exclusive, there exists a dynamic that eventually individualizes the studio learning environment. Speaking about the social aspects of studio was much easier for physics senior thesis, Mian; without hesitation he compared the social dynamic of the studio to that of a reality TV show on MTV. “There’s a lot of crying and a lot of stories plays bitching,” he said, explaining how living and working in the studio is like living in a house together with fellow architecture students. Writing. It was no surprise that Mian argued that 50% of time in the studio is essay stories one act spent socializing and that he met half of his friends in architecture, “We go through everything together” he told me. When asked to characterize the lifestyle of an architecture student during our discussion, Mian responded quite succinctly, “No sleep, no showering, no food…There is no schedule, uh… There is never enough time to do anything. You have to push yourself.
Sleep is always on the back of my mind, but I still manage to get to thesis, the gym, despite my lack of sleep….There is no schedule, time doesn’t exist.” His answer was almost depressing as I began to experience again, through his explanation, what it was like for me during my sole semester in architecture my freshman year. The lack of a schedule was what killed me; I never knew when anything was going to be due, the professors just made it up a few days beforehand (unless it was a major project) and all the days just blended together. According to essay short stories, Mian, this hasn’t changed a bit since 1 st semester (he is now in his 3 rd semester), and it has become even more abstract. Talking about resources how his perspective changed since first year, he mentioned how it was more “linear last year” that there is so much more to think about and so many more variables to incorporate than before. He said that last year it was more obvious what had to be done in order to complete a project correctly, and that now the short stories one act plays, assignments are increasingly less objective and letter, more vague. To add to the lack of clarity of project directions, professors (even though there are more) are less inclined to offer help and come in after normal class hours like in first year studio. Apparently, first year studio has changed dramatically since my involvement in the program.
From what Mian gathered, all art-related majors (i.e. Essay Short Stories. integrated arts, theatre, architecture, etc.) have a common 1 st year core which includes a limited architectural studio. The new architecture students who won’t have the essay television, same type of short plays 1 st year experience that we went through would be harmed in writing the long-term, “They will have a rude awakening and one act plays, most will probably drop out. They won’t be able to draft or anything.” There was an obvious tone of opia cover letter resentment towards this new curriculum, whether it was due to Mian’s desire for the program to adequately prepare students for success or his envy that the 1 st years won’t be going through the same hazing-like experience that all those in (what would be) my class went through. Amanda added that these changes were the result of the politically correct reforms that were underway in the department, to limit the stories, mind-numbing pressures put on 1 st -year architecture students. Along the same lines, I questioned Mian about what could be done to change “studio culture” or the lifestyle of the architectural student, in terms of institutional responses.
In a long and implants research paper, sporadic answer, he explained “Well…what would I change…I feel like time is the obvious answer… But there is nothing you can really change about it because it is such a huge entity. You could give us less work, but any change would have a negative response [on the success of the program]. You should keep it the way it is.” I was honestly taken aback after hearing Mian’s opinion that he would actually prefer keeping this painstaking program exactly the same. He would keep the all-nighters, isolation, high pressure and timeless environment of studio exactly the stories plays, same, such that the quality of the program would not be altered and his five years of study not gone to writing resources, waste. One thing in particular really made me laugh during my interview with Mian, since I was still in the program for the event he described and had a fond memory of it.
In the first few weeks of essay one act studio, Steve Shaffer, a previous graduate and now professor in Penn State’s architecture department, drew a table/chart on a chalkboard regarding architecture student’s time management. Mian described the event, “Yeah, they told us the physics, first day what it would be like and what we’d have to sacrifice. That we wouldn’t be able to talk on AOL. They drew a little picture about time management and crossed off cell phones and football games. That scared a lot of people. I thought they were joking, but now I think they under-exaggerated it.” Mian is stories one act correct in cover letter his depiction: everyone was trying to figure out stories one act plays whether or not Steve was serious when he drew the opia letter, chart. I frankly didn’t have the slightest idea as to one act, the validity of what he said until I left the program a few months later; we all had trouble believing it until it was too late. Wrapping up my interview with Mian, I asked him what his motivation was for enduring the trials of architectural education and what he saw as the end result. “That’s a terrible question!” he responded, adding “That’s like ‘how do you plan to die?’” Amanda began telling me that “you have to hope that it is worth it,” but Mian quickly and strongly interrupted making sure that I didn’t record that answer as his response. He explained, “No, my motivation is that…after during all of this, project by house project, hour by short hour, I still love it a lot… After the end of physics senior thesis a project I realize that I can endure this and still keep going… My motivation is that I can spend all this time working on short stories one act, school work and it doesn't feel like schoolwork.” Elaborating on breast implants research paper, his answer, Mian talked about how he even put his architecture work above his family recently. He told me that when his mom went in for surgery he stayed in the studio because a project was due; that his architecture is his life now and it is essay short stories plays all he has in thesis school. Mian ended our conversation concluding, “I just love this even though it’s so painful sometimes.
If that’s not a reason to stay in then I don’t know what is.” After my interview with Mian, I asked Pete, a member of my section last year, if he wouldn’t mind talking with me for a little while. He cordially accepted and I moved my laptop a few desks and down two levels to essay one act plays, the side of Pete’s drafting desk. Senior Thesis. It was a lot quieter in this area of the studio since there were only two other students close to stories one act plays, Pete. One of them was listening to music and the other was focused intently on his drawings. When I sat down and started to record a description of my local surroundings, Pete continued his studio work, drawing with a blue pen in his sketchbook and a yellow highlighter. With a maroon sweater (similar in opia design to Mian’s sweater) and blue jeans, Pete sat there without speaking and merely sketched in his book until I was ready. Unlike the essay short stories, time prior to term doll house, my interview with Mian, where I was engaged in essay short stories one act plays conversation with him, I told Pete to ignore me for a few minutes and continue with his work until we started.
There was a lot of essay on the television overlap with Mian’s responses, specifically when talking about studio culture and the life of an architecture student. Stories One Act. Pete reiterated how the students in the studio are a “little happy family” and how they “do schoolwork with each other, eat with each other, and university of manitoba, [constantly] interact with each other.” He told me that half of his friends were from architecture, despite the fact that he had already been at Penn State for two years (in architectural engineering) before he began in stories plays the architecture program. Although many of university his responses were similar to Mian’s, regarding the bonds architecture students form and the workload they endure, when I asked what motivates him to continue through the trials of architectural education he responded much differently and positively than Mian. Pete explained how architecture was the quintessential art education and essay short stories one act plays, that earning an architecture degree will give him the ability to on the, enter into any art career available. He felt it would give him something that the “landscape architecture, graphic design, arts, and integrative arts programs can’t offer.” Pete reinforced this as he told me how he wants to short one act plays, exit the critical thinking, program with a well-rounded experience that could only be provided by architecture. Stories. He didn’t mention the hardships like Mian directly, but it showed through his other responses. Throughout the interview, Pete spoke about how architecture work made up the majority of his waking hours, nearly 4/5ths of essay them. He told me how others, even his roommates, don’t grasp how “studio comes first over essay stories plays, everything: social time, sleep, other work, and essay television, food” nor what they actually do in the studio when they are there.
He mentioned how he didn’t really have a clue what it would be like when he was accepted into the program and short stories one act plays, how he was unsure about what the program truly entails, even to this day. Critical Thinking Of Manitoba. Ending my interview with Pete, he explained, “I don’t think anyone has a clue [what architecture is really like], except maybe the larchies (landscape architecture students).” Warning: These samples should be solely used for instructional/educational purposes. All rights reserved. No part of these writing samples may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by stories one act any means without the prior permission of the authors.